National Ethnic Affairs Commission of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guójiā Mínzú Shìwù Wěiyuánhuì
Agency overview
Formed1949; 72 years ago (1949)
TypeConstituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level executive department)
Jurisdiction China
Minister responsible
  • Chen Xiaojiang, Minister-in-charge of the National Ethnic Affairs Commission
Parent agencyUnited Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
State Ethnic Affairs Commission
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中华人民共和国国家民族事务委员会
Traditional Chinese中華人民共和國國家民族事務委員會
Literal meaningNational Ethnic Affairs Commission of the People's Republic of China
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国家民委
Traditional Chinese國家民委
Literal meaningNational Ethnic-Commission
Tibetan name
Zhuang name
ZhuangCunghvaz Yinzminz Gunghozgoz Guekgya Minzcuz Swvu Veijyenzvei
Mongolian name
Mongolian scriptᠪᠥᠬᠥᠳᠡ
ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ
ᠦᠨᠳᠦᠰᠦᠲᠡᠨ ᠦ
Uyghur name
Uyghurجۇڭخۇا خەلق جۇمھۇرىيتى دۆلەت مىللەت ئىشلىرى كومىتېتى

The National Ethnic Affairs Commission of the People's Republic of China, formerly translated as State Ethnic Affairs Commission, is a commission under the United Front Work Department responsible for relations between the Chinese government and ethnic minorities in China which includes implementation of the policies of the CPC and theories on nationality research and national education. It also supervises the implementation - and monitors the performance - of regional national autonomy systems and the handling of matters related to the protection of rights and interests of minority nationalities. Prior to 2018, the NEAC was a de jure cabinet-level executive department of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.


In 2018, the NEAC was officially placed under the direct leadership of the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.[1][2]

In 2020 a Han Chinese was named director of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission for the first time since 1954.[3]

List of Ministers

Ministers in charge of the National Ethnic Affairs Commission
No. Name Ethnicity Took office Left office
1 Li Weihan (李维汉) Han October 1949 September 1954
2 Ulanhu (乌兰夫) Mongol September 1954 January 1975
3 Yang Jingren (杨静仁) Hui March 1978 January 1986
4 Ismail Amat (司马义·艾买提) Uyghur January 1986 March 1998
5 Li Dezhu (李德洙) Korean March 1998 March 2008
6 Yang Jing (杨晶) Mongol March 2008 16 March 2013
7 Wang Zhengwei (王正伟) Hui 16 March 2013 28 April 2016
8 Bagatur (巴特尔) Mongol 28 April 2016 14 December 2020
9 Chen Xiaojiang (陈小江) Han 14 December 2020 -[4][5]

Subsidiary institutions

See also

Related PRC authorities

Similar government agencies


  1. ^ Joske, Alex (May 9, 2019). "Reorganizing the United Front Work Department: New Structures for a New Era of Diaspora and Religious Affairs Work". Jamestown Foundation. Archived from the original on July 21, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  2. ^ Zhao, Taotao; Leibold, James (October 13, 2019). "Ethnic Governance under Xi Jinping: The Centrality of the United Front Work Department & Its Implications". Journal of Contemporary China. 29 (124): 487–502. doi:10.1080/10670564.2019.1677359. ISSN 1067-0564. S2CID 211427737.
  3. ^ Leibold, James. "Beyond Xinjiang: Xi Jinping's Ethnic Crackdown". The Diplomat. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  4. ^ "Chen Xiaojiang was appointed Secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the National Ethnic Affairs Commission". National Ethnic Affairs Commission (in Chinese). December 14, 2020. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  5. ^ Lew, Linda (December 19, 2020). "China puts Han official in charge of ethnic minority affairs as Beijing steps up push for integration". South China Morning Post. Retrieved December 22, 2020.