State Secretariat for Migration (SEM)
(in German) Staatssekretariat für Migration SEM
(in French) Secrétariat d’Etat aux migrations SEM
(in Italian) Segreteria di Stato della migrazione SEM

Building of the State Secretariat for Migration in Bern (2008)
Agency overview
Formed2005; 19 years ago (2005) (merger of several federal offices)
JurisdictionSwitzerland
HeadquartersWabern (Köniz), Switzerland
Employees1300[1]
Annual budgetExpenditure: CHF 1.6 billion (2022)[2]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
Websitesem.admin.ch

The State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) (German: Staatsekretariat für Migrationen SEM, French: Secrétariat d'État aux migrations, Italian: Segreteria di Stato per le migrazioni) is a Swiss federal authority. As of 2023, it is headed by Federal Councillor Élisabeth Baume-Schneider.

It is responsible, at the federal level, for all matters relating to foreigners (granting of visas, prohibition of entry into the country, naturalization, etc.) and for the recognition of refugees (granting and withdrawal of asylum). The SEM is subordinated to the Federal Department of Justice and Police.

Until 31 December 31 2014, the authority was called the Federal Office for Migration (FOM) (German: Bundesamt für Migration BFM, French: Office fédéral des migrations ODM).

History

The Federal Office for Migration (FOM) was created by the merger of the Federal Office for Immigration, Integration and Emigration (German: Bundesamt für Zuwanderung, Integration und Auswanderung (IMES), French: Office fédéral de l'immigration, de l'intégration et de l'émigration (IMES)) and the Federal Office for Refugees (German: Bundesamt für Migration (BFM), French: Office fédéral des réfugiés (ODR)). The merger was proposed by Federal Councillor Christoph Blocher and adopted by the Federal Council on 7 June 2004.[3]

On 1 January 2015, the FOM was renamed the State Secretariat for Migration, by decision of the Federal Council of 19 September 2014, in view of the "growing importance of the FOM, whose field of activity is increasingly vast".[4]

Organization

Christine Schraner Burgener has been State Secretary since the beginning of 2022.[5] She replaced Mario Gattiker, who had headed the agency since November 2011, initially on an interim basis.[6] The SEM is divided into a staff department and four main departments:

The SEM has 1300 employees[7] and an annual expenditure of about 1.6 million Swiss francs.[8] The State Secretariat also employs experts and interpreters who translate during interviews. These are deployed as needed and are compensated for their services on a time and material basis.

Headquarters and branch offices

The headquarters of the State Secretariat is in Wabern bei Bern. In addition, six reception and processing centers (German: Empfangs- und Verfahrenszentren (EVZ)) for asylum seekers are operated, which are primarily responsible for the reception of asylum seekers at the national borders and for a summary interview on the travel route and the reasons for asylum. Since 2005, decisions on asylum applications have also been made there. The reception and procedure centers are located in Altstätten, Basel, Bern, Chiasso, Kreuzlingen and Vallorbe. In addition, the SEM maintains a department at Zurich Airport and Geneva Airport.

Responsibility and legal basis

The State Secretariat is responsible for:

  1. Ensuring a Swiss-led policy on foreigners (legal basis: Foreign Nationals and Integration Act), namely:
    1. the admission and residence of foreigners in compliance with obligations under international law and taking into account humanitarian reasons and the reunification of families.
    2. the admission of foreign workers, taking into account the overall economic interests, long-term professional and social integration opportunities, and the scientific and cultural needs of Switzerland;[9]
  2. Implementation of Swiss asylum and refugee policy. The State Secretariat for Migration is responsible for the entire asylum procedure. As the investigating authority, it must establish the legally relevant facts. The procedure is governed by the Asylum Act and the Administrative Procedure Act.[10] The Convention of 4 November 1950 for the Protection of Human Rights serves as a basis.
  3. Creation of favorable conditions for the integration of the foreign population living in Switzerland and for a balanced demographic and social development.

See also

References

  1. ^ migrations, Secrétariat d’État aux. "La migration nous concerne : travailler au Secrétariat d'État aux migrations". www.sem.admin.ch (in French). Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  2. ^ Migration, State Secretariat for. "SEM activities". www.ekm.admin.ch. Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  3. ^ "Création d'un Office fédéral des migrations". www.admin.ch. Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  4. ^ "L'Office fédéral des migrations devient un secrétariat d'Etat". www.admin.ch. Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  5. ^ "Nachfolge von Mario Gattiker - Christine Schraner Burgener wird neue SEM-Chefin". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) (in German). 2021-02-25. Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  6. ^ "Mario Gattiker leitet definitiv das Bundesamt für Migration | NZZ". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in Swiss High German). Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  7. ^ migrations, Secrétariat d’État aux. "La migration nous concerne : travailler au Secrétariat d'État aux migrations". www.sem.admin.ch (in French). Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  8. ^ Migration, State Secretariat for. "SEM activities". www.ekm.admin.ch. Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  9. ^ "Fedlex". www.fedlex.admin.ch. Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  10. ^ "Fedlex". www.fedlex.admin.ch. Retrieved 2023-03-26.