Stella quarta decima (Latin for "The Fourteenth Star") is a motto appearing on Vermont copper coinage struck in 1785 and 1786. The coins were issued during the period when Vermont was an independent state (1777–1791), sometimes referred to as the Vermont Republic.
The motto appears on the reverse of the coin and encircles a corona of 13 small stars representing the existing U.S. states, with a large central star with an eye contained within. The motto expresses the then independent state's aspiration to join the United States as the fourteenth. The United States Congress admitted Vermont into the Union, as the fourteenth state, on March 4, 1791.
On April 10, 2015, an extended version of the phrase, "Stella quarta decima fulgeat," became the official state Latin motto. The Latin words translate as "May the fourteenth star shine bright."
Vermont has a new, secondary state motto, after authorization Friday from Gov. Peter Shumlin, a Democrat. The Latin phrase "Stella quarta decima fulgeat," or "May the fourteenth star shine bright," became the state’s official Latin motto.