Voyager
Model 105 in 2005
Role Light utility monoplane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Stinson Aircraft Company
First flight 1939
Primary user United States Army
Number built 277 (Model 105)
775 (Model 10)
Variants Stinson Model 108

The Stinson Voyager was an American light utility monoplane built during the 1940s by the Stinson Aircraft Company.[1]

Development

First developed as the Stinson HW-75 and marketed as the Model 105 in 1939, the design was a high-wing three-seat braced monoplane powered by either a 75-hp (63.4-Kw) Continental A-75 or an 80-hp (67.7-Kw) Continental A-80-6.[1] This was developed into the Model 10, introduced in 1940, powered by a Continental A-80 piston engine.[1] The Model 10 introduced a wider cabin as well as an improved standard for the interior and finish.[1] In 1941 the Model 10 was followed by the Model 10A, powered by a Franklin 4AC-199 engine and the Model 10B with a Lycoming GO-145. The 10A was the last of the series, but the first to be called "Voyager", a name that was retained for the post-war Stinson 108.[1]

Six Model 10s were evaluated by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) as the YO-54. The unsuccessful tests led Stinson to design an all-new aircraft designated Model 76, later known as the L-5 Sentinel.[1]

A number of Model 105s and Model 10As were impressed into USAAF service as the AT-19 (later L-9).[2] However, the AT-19 designation has not been verified.

After World War II, the type was developed as the Model 108, the prototypes being converted Model 10As.[2]

Variants

Stinson HW-75 at Langley
HW-75 (1939, marketed as Model 105)
Production variant also known as the HW-75 with a Continental A-75 engine), or HW-80 with a Continental A-80 engine, 277 built.[2]
Model 10 (1940)
Improved production variant with an 80 hp Continental A-80 engine, 260 built.[2]
Model 10A Voyager (1941)
Variant with a 90 hp Franklin 4AC-199 engine, 515 built (10A and 10B).The first of the series to bear the Voyager name.[2]
Model 10B (1941)
Variant with a 75 hp Lycoming GO-145 engine, 515 built (10A and 10B).[2]
YO-54 (1940)
United States Army designation for six Model 10s for evaluation.[3]
AT-19A
Original military designation for eight Model 105s impressed in 1942, later changed to L-9A.[4]
AT-19B
Original designation for 12 impressed Model 10A Voyagers, later changed to L-9B.[4]
L-9A (1942)
Final designation for eight impressed Model 105 Voyagers, originally AT-19A.[4]
L-9B (1942)
Final designation for 12 impressed Model 10A Voyagers, originally AT-19B.[4]

Operators

 Brazil
 Canada
 United States

Specifications (Model 105)

Data from General Dynamics Aircraft and their Predecessors [5]

General characteristics

Performance

See also

Related development

Related lists

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Orbis 1985, p. 2960.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Simpson 1991, pp. 317–318,
  3. ^ Andrade 1979, p. 139.
  4. ^ a b c d Andrade 1979, p. 130.
  5. ^ Wegg 1990, p. 139.

Bibliography