.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Swedish. (August 2019) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Swedish Wikipedia article at [[:sv:Stockholms stadshus]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|sv|Stockholms stadshus)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Stockholm City Hall
Stockholm City Hall, Västerbron in the background, 2016
Map
General information
StatusCompleted
TypeGovernment offices
Architectural styleNational Romantic style Romanesque revival
LocationRagnar Östbergs Plan 1
Stockholm Sweden
Coordinates59°19′39″N 18°03′18″E / 59.3275°N 18.055°E / 59.3275; 18.055
Construction started1911
Completed1923
OwnerCity of Stockholm
Height106 m (348 ft)
Design and construction
Architect(s)Ragnar Östberg
References
[1][2]

Stockholm City Hall (Swedish: Stockholms stadshus, Stadshuset locally) is the seat of Stockholm Municipality in Stockholm, Sweden. It stands on the eastern tip of Kungsholmen island, next to Riddarfjärden's northern shore and facing the islands of Riddarholmen and Södermalm. It houses offices and conference rooms as well as ceremonial halls. It is the venue of the Nobel Prize banquet and is one of Stockholm's major tourist attractions.

Site and construction

In 1907, the city council decided to build a new city hall at the former site of Eldkvarn. An architectural design competition was held, which first resulted in the selection of drafts by Ragnar Östberg, Carl Westman, Ivar Tengbom jointly with Ernst Torulf, and Carl Bergsten. After a further competition between Westman and Östberg, the latter was assigned the construction of the City Hall, while the former was asked to build Stockholm Court House. Östberg modified his original draft using elements of Westman's design, including the tower. During construction, Östberg constantly reworked his plans, resulting in the addition of the lantern on top of the tower, and the abandonment of the blue glazed tiles in the Blue Hall.

Oskar Asker was employed as construction leader and Paul Toll, of builders Kreuger & Toll, designed the foundations. Georg Greve also assisted in preparing the plans.[3] Construction took twelve years, from 1911 to 1923. Nearly eight million red bricks were used. The dark red bricks, called "munktegel" (monks's brick) because of their traditional use in the construction of monasteries and churches, were provided by Lina brickworks of Södertälje.

The building was inaugurated on Saturday 23 June 1923, the 400th anniversary of the traditional, "old style" date of Gustav Vasa's entrance into Stockholm (technically, the anniversary would have been on 3 July rather than 23 June since the 23 June date was based on the Julian calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar, which Sweden would not adopt permanently until 1753). Verner von Heidenstam and Hjalmar Branting delivered the inaugurational speeches.

Architecture and style

Stockholm City Hall is an example of National Romantic style. The site, overlooking Riddarfjärden, inspired a central motif, namely the juxtaposition of city architecture and water that represents a central feature of Stockholm's cityscape as a whole.

The hall's style is one of refined eclecticism, blending massive, austere, Northern European brick construction with whimsical elements reminiscent of Venetian Gothic architecture, such as turrets adorned with golden starlets, decorated balconies, wooden masts, and statues.

The Blue Hall, with its straight walls and arcades, incorporates elements of a formal courtyard.[4] Its walls are in fact without blue decorations; the name derives from Östberg's first draft, and is notable as the dining hall where banquets are held after the annual Nobel Prize award ceremony.

The organ in the Blue Hall, with its 10,270 pipes, is the largest in Scandinavia. Above the Blue Hall lies the Golden Hall (Gyllene Salen), named after the decorative mosaics made of more than 18 million tiles. The mosaics make use of motifs from Swedish history. They were executed by the Berlin, Germany, firm of Puhl & Wagner (Gottfried Heinersdorff), after nine years of negotiations by Gottfried Heinersdorff (1883-1941) for the commission.

The southeast corner of the building, immediately adjacent to the shore, is dominated by a monumental tower topped with the Three Crowns, the Swedish national symbol. The tower is 106 metres high and is accessible by lift or a 365 step staircase. The eastern side of its base is decorated with the gold-plated cenotaph of 13th century Swedish statesman Birger Jarl.

Stockholm City Hall has been the location of a number of cultural productions, including the 1991 music video Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave) by Swedish pop duo Roxette.

Stadshusparken

The small park between the building and Lake Mälaren's shore is adorned with several sculptures, among them Carl Eldh's ensemble representing the artists August Strindberg, Gustaf Fröding and Ernst Josephson, as well as Eldh's bronze sculptures "Sången" and "Dansen" ("The Song" and "The Dance"). To the south-east of the city hall, facing Riddarholmen, is a pillar topped with a statue of Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Emporis building ID 111818". Emporis. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016.
  2. ^ "Stockholm City Hall". SkyscraperPage.
  3. ^ "Norsk kunstnerleksikon: Georg Jens Greve". Archived from the original on 2019-08-14. Retrieved 2015-09-14.
  4. ^ Caldenby, Claes; Jöran Lindvall; Wilfried Wang (1998). 20th-Century Architecture Sweden. Munich - New York: Prestel. pp. 65–66. ISBN 3-7913-1936-1.

Media related to Stockholm City Hall at Wikimedia Commons