Stornoway (ship, 1850)-The clipper ship era 1843-1869 (1910) page 198 (14595826480).jpg
The Stornoway
History
United Kingdom
NameStornoway
OwnerJardine Matheson
BuilderAlexander Hall and Sons, Aberdeen
Launched24 August 1850
FateWrecked at the mouth of the Thames on the Kentish Knock, 7 June 1873
General characteristics
Tonnage
  • 595 old measurement
  • 527 new measurement[1]
Length157.8 ft (48.1 m)[1]
Beam28.8 ft (8.8 m)[1]
Draught17.8 ft (5.4 m)[1]
Depth17.8 ft (5.4 m)[1]
Sail planfully rigged ship[1]

Stornoway was a British tea clipper built by Alexander Hall and Sons in Aberdeen, Scotland in 1850. She was a further development by Hall on the clippers built in Aberdeen in 1848 (which included Hall's tea clipper Reindeer), being larger and more obviously suited to deep sea service. She was ordered by Jardine Matheson specifically for the tea trade. In the late 1840s, tea was available earlier in the season in China, so the first ships to load had to beat to windward against the north-east monsoon to get across the China Sea. The details of the hull shape designed by Hall had this requirement in mind.[1]: 35, 45, 53 

Name

She was named after Stornoway Castle, Lewis, one of the Hebrides Isles, owned by Sir James Matheson at the time.[2]

Maiden Voyage

Her maiden voyage was a passage from the Downs to Java Head, which she made it under command of Captain Robertson in 80 days and to Hongkong in 102 days. She sailed then from Hongkong to London in just 103 days. These were the fastest passages between these ports by a British vessel at the time.[2]

Masters

She is famous for her race with the clipper Chrysolite.[3][4] During her lifetime Stornoway was commanded by various Masters.[5]

Date 1850–53 1853–62 1863–64 1865–68 1869–72 1872–73
Name Capt. John Robertson Capt. H. L. Hart Capt. Watson Capt. Tomlins Capt. J. Waugh Capt. G. Greener

She was sold by Jardine Matheson to Mackay & Co., London, in 1861. Then in 1867 she was sold to Welch & Co., Newcastle, and in 1871 was again sold to Mr Ralph Chapman, Newcastle. She was wrecked at the mouth of the Thames in bad weather, 7 June 1873, on the Kentish Knock.[5] Her crew of 13 were rescued. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to Villaricos, Spain carrying a cargo of coal and coke.[6][7]

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g MacGregor, David R. (1983). The Tea Clippers, Their History and Development 1833–1875. Conway Maritime Press Limited. p. 53. ISBN 0 85177 256 0.
  2. ^ a b Clark, Arthur (1911). The Clipper Ship Era; An Epitome of Famous American and British Clipper Ships, Their Owners, Builders, Commanders, and Crews, 1843-1869. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 198, 199.
  3. ^ "Sailing Ships: Stornoway (1850)". Retrieved 24 September 2011.
  4. ^ Lubbock, Basil (1921). The Colonial Clippers (2nd ed.). Glasgow: James Brown & Son. pp. ii. OCLC 1750412.
  5. ^ a b Aberdeen Maritime Museum, Aberdeen City Council. "Aberdeen Ships – STORNOWAY". Retrieved 24 September 2011.
  6. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard. No. 15246. London. 10 June 1873. p. 7.
  7. ^ "Loss of the Barque Stornoway of South Shields". Shields Daily Gazette. column 5. 9 June 1873. p. 3. Retrieved 17 April 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: location (link)