The National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015 was published by the British government during the second Cameron ministry on 23 November 2015 to outline the United Kingdom's defence strategy up to 2025. It identified key threats to the UK and the capabilities it required to address them.[1]

Threats

The National Security Risk Assessment 2015 found the threats faced by the UK, including its Overseas Territories and overseas interests, have "increased in scale, diversity and complexity" since 2010. It highlighted four particular threats that are likely to be priorities for UK security in the coming decade:[2]:15

  1. The increasing threat posed by terrorism, extremism and instability.
  2. The resurgence of state-based threats; and intensifying wider state competition.
  3. The impact of technology, especially cyber threats; and wider technological developments.
  4. The erosion of the rules-based international order, making it harder to build consensus and tackle global threats.

Decisions

See also: Military of the United Kingdom

The commitments in the paper for equipment and support for the three services amounted to £178 billion up to 2025. This is roughly 20% of the 10 year budget period.[3]

The government reaffirmed its commitment to spending 2% of national GDP on defence.[2]:27

Joint Forces

Royal Navy

Both Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers will now enter service.
Both Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers will now enter service.

See also: Future of the Royal Navy

Royal Air Force

Commitment to order 9 P-8 Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft was made in the paper.
Commitment to order 9 P-8 Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft was made in the paper.

See also: Future of the Royal Air Force

British Army

The Ajax armoured vehicle, of which 589 are to be ordered.
The Ajax armoured vehicle, of which 589 are to be ordered.

See also: Army 2020 Refine

Intelligence agencies

See also: List of intelligence agencies of the United Kingdom

Foreign policy

The government outlined a range of foreign policy initiatives. These included:

Reaction

See also

References

  1. ^ "The 2015 SDSR: a primer". Parliament UK. 19 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015" (PDF). HM Government. November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e "PM pledges £178 billion investment in defence kit". UK Ministry of Defence. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  4. ^ Amos, Jonathan (2016-02-02). "MoD to buy high-flying solar planes". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  5. ^ David Cameron in the House of Commons, Guardian.com, November 2015
  6. ^ "Type-31-royal-navy-general-purpose-frigate | Defense News". Defense News. Retrieved 2016-09-19.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "SDSR gives Royal Navy OPV boost". Shephard Media. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Patrol Craft:Written question - HL3908". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  9. ^ a b "Commons Select Committee (Defence) - Naval Procurement: Type 26 and Type 45, 20 July 2016". parliament.uk. House of Commons. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  10. ^ "Lords Hansard text for 23 November 2015". Parliament. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  11. ^ a b Ministry of Defence. SDSR 2015 Defence Fact Sheets (PDF).
  12. ^ "Royal Fleet Auxiliary:Written question - 31836". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  13. ^ "SDSR 2015: Typhoon service life extended and numbers increased". IHS Jane's. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  14. ^ "UK to buy more F-35 jets, boost anti-terror budget - Osborne". Reuters. 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  15. ^ "Osborne: UK to speed up aircraft carrier jet purchase". BBC News. 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  16. ^ "New P8 maritime patrol aircraft to be based at RAF Lossiemouth". BBC News. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  17. ^ "UK to double top-end UAV fleet with new 'Protector' platform". IHS Jane's. 4 October 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  18. ^ "David Cameron to get own plane for official trips". BBC News. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  19. ^ "HomeNewsCentury Of Sorties For Raf Airseeker And Sentinel". Royal Air Force. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  20. ^ "Flag raised to signal new HQ Field Army". British Army. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  21. ^ "UK aid: tackling global challenges in the national interest" (PDF). HM Government. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  22. ^ "2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review". RUSI. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  23. ^ "SDSR: Lord Dannatt's reaction". Telegraph. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  24. ^ "UK augments military and counter-terrorism capacities". IISS. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  25. ^ "De-spinning the UK Defense Review: The Top Three Reasons for Scepticism". www.defense-aerospace.com. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  26. ^ "This SDSR Hides Problems for the Future". Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  27. ^ "Britain reasserts itself as a serious military power". The Economist. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  28. ^ "Exposed: Why Is Britain's Military Back in the Pacific?". National Interest. 9 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  29. ^ Longinotti, Edward (9 September 2015). "'For God's sake, act like Britain' Lessons from the 1960s for British defence policy". History & Policy. History & Policy. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  30. ^ "Exclusive: Cameron Says Obama 'Clearly Delighted' by UK's New Defense Plans". Defense News. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.