Official portrait of Su Zhenhua
Official portrait of Su Zhenhua

Su Zhenhua (simplified Chinese: 苏振华; traditional Chinese: 蘇振華; June 2, 1912 – February 7, 1979), born Su Qisheng (蘇七生), was a Chinese Communist general and politician. He fought for the Communists in the Chinese civil war. After the founding of the People's Republic, Su became an admiral in the People's Liberation Army Navy, the Party Secretary of Guizhou province, the First Secretary of Shanghai, and a member of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party.

Su was born in Pingjiang County, Hunan province. Su joined a guerrilla fighting force in 1926 at age 14, and entered the Communist Youth League three years later. He joined the Red Army in June 1930 and the Communist Party several years later. He participated in the Long March and was instrumental in the Communist takeover of Zunyi. He then served successively in a series of roles as political commissar. In December 1949, following the Communist takeover of Guizhou province, Su became the Party Committee Secretary of Guizhou.[1] In April 1954, he became a deputy political commissar in the PLA Navy. He joined the Central Military Commission in 1959. During the Cultural Revolution, Su was purged and called "a time bomb in the navy planted by Deng Xiaoping." He was rehabilitated in 1972 and became the First Political Commissar of the Navy.

Su played a pivotal role during the arrest of the Gang of Four in 1976, when he was commissioned by Hua Guofeng and Ye Jianying to 'invade' the Xinhua News Agency, central television and radio stations, and the People's Daily headquarters, which were all then under the control of elements friendly to the Gang of Four. In order to prevent a coup by the Gang of Four in their power base of Shanghai, Su was then sent to Shanghai as First Secretary to oversee the party organization in collaboration with Ni Zhifu and Peng Chong.

He was an alternate member of the 8th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, and a full member of the 10th and 11th Central Committees. He was also a member of the 11th Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party. He died on February 7, 1979, and was eulogized with high honours.[2]


  1. ^ 徐行<讀者·作者·編者>,《明報月刊》 (Ming Pao), Hong Kong, December 1993, p. 143
  2. ^ "Transcript of Deng Xiaoping's eulogy to Su Zhenhua and press release".
Government offices Preceded byZhang Chunqiao Mayor of Shanghai 1976–1979 Succeeded byPeng Chong Party political offices Preceded byZhang Chunqiao Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of ShanghaiCommunist Party Secretary of Shanghai 1976–1979 Succeeded byPeng Chong Preceded byFirst First Secretary of the Guizhou CPC Committee 1949–1954 Succeeded byZhou Lin Military offices Previous:Liu Daosheng Director of Political Department of the People's Liberation Army Navy 1953–1957 Next:Duan Dezhang Preceded byZhang Aiping Political Commissar of the People's Liberation Army Navy 1957–1967 Succeeded byLi Zuopeng