Sudanese National Academy of Sciences
الأكاديمية السودانية الوطنية للعلوم
AbbreviationSNAS
FormationAugust 2005; 18 years ago (2005-08)[1]
FounderAhmed Mohamed El Hassan
Muntaser Ibrahim
Headquarters101 Building 7/31, Alshifa Street, Kafori, Khartoum North
President
Mohamed Hag Ali Hassan[2]
Vice President
Muntaser Ibrahim
SubsidiariesSudanese Academy of Young Scientists (SAYS)[3][4][5]
Websitewww.snas.org.sd

The Sudanese National Academy of Sciences (SNAS) is a non-governmental organisation based in Khartoum, Sudan, that aims to promote the growth of the science and research sector in Sudan through collaboration in areas of education, science, technology, and research.

History

The Academy was founded by a group of Sudanese scientists in August 2005[6][7] including Ahmed Mohamed El Hassan[8] and Muntaser Ibrahim.[9] Ahmed Mohamed El Hassan was the Founding President of SNAS,[10][11] and was succeeded by Mohamed Hag Ali Hassan,[12][13] who co-founded numerous scientific councils and is also the President of The World Academy of Sciences.[14] As of April 2023, SNAS's Vice President is Muntaser Ibrahim,[15] the Secretary General is Mustafa El Tayeb,[16] and the Treasurer is Suad Sulaiman.[17][18]

Objectives and work

SNAS is an independent non-profit-making organisation consisting of outstanding Sudanese scientists in the country and abroad, and some foreign scientists are invited members. Its headquarters are temporarily located at the University of Khartoum.[10]

The organization is considered the highest academic institution in Sudan and works to support and promote scientific research and innovation in the country.[7] The main objectives of the Academy are to raise the standard of and further develop theoretical and applied research in Sudan, as well as to establish a national observatory for science, technology, and innovation.[19]

SNAS conducts workshops and training courses, such as the capacity building for establishing of a national observatory for science, technology and innovation in Sudan and the monitoring and measuring indicators of science, technology and innovation.[20][21] SNAS is involved in various activities such as organising scientific events and lectures, supporting scientific research, and providing training courses in science, technology, and innovation.[22] The Academy completed its largest science-based project funded by United States Agency for International Development (USAID), which was a call for studies on Groundnuts and Aflatoxin Science in Gold Mining in Sudan.[23][24]

SNAS has been involved in celebrating Sudan Week and organising the 3rd Community Lecture in collaboration with the Khartoum Institute for Scientific Research.[25]

On 21 September 2023, SNAS made a plea to global academic institutions, urging them to aid university faculty and students displaced by the country's ongoing violent conflict.[26][27] The war, ongoing since April, has ravaged Sudan's research community, damaging over 100 universities and research centres. The appeal requests that colleagues in national academies provide admission to Sudanese students and professors and seek contributions for rebuilding the war-ravaged facilities. The situation is described as "critical" for academics in Sudan, and recovery is anticipated to take at least five years, with many academics and students scattered in areas lacking modern communication.[28][29]

Members

Main category: Members of the Sudanese National Academy of Sciences

SNAS has elected prominent Sudanese scientists as members. SNAS members include Elfatih Eltahir (H.M. King Bhumibol Professor of Hydrology and Climate at MIT),[30][31] Mohamed El-Amin Ahmed El-Tom (Professor of math and the first minister of education after the Sudanese Revolution) in 2007,[32] Ahmed Hassan Fahal (Professor of Surgery at the University of Khartoum) in 2007,[33] and Nimir Elbashir (Professor at Texas A&M University at Qatar) in 2022.[34][35]

References

  1. ^ "SNAS Strategic Plan". Sudanese National Academy of Sciences - SNAS. Retrieved 2023-11-06.
  2. ^ "Hassan, Mohamed Hag Ali". TWAS. Archived from the original on 2022-11-07. Retrieved 2022-11-07.
  3. ^ "Sudanese Academy of Young Scientists | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Archived from the original on 2023-04-13. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  4. ^ "National Young Academies". Global Young Academy. Archived from the original on 2019-11-14. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  5. ^ "EGYPT: Academy for young scientists". University World News. Archived from the original on 2023-04-13. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  6. ^ Hassan, Mohamed H.A. (3 October 2007). "Academies as agents of change in the OIC". SciDev.Net. ProQuest 2708579355.
  7. ^ a b "Sudanese National Academy of Sciences (SNAS)". iamp. Archived from the original on 2022-07-05. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  8. ^ وفاة البروفيسور أحمد محمد الحسن: السودان يفقد أبرز علمائه في مجال الطب والبحث العلمي - اوبن سودان [The death of Professor Ahmed Mohamed Al-Hassan: Sudan loses its most prominent scientists in the field of medicine and scientific research - Open Sudan] (in Arabic). 2022-11-10. Archived from the original on 20 November 2022. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  9. ^ Nordling, Linda (11 March 2019). "Renowned Sudanese geneticist behind bars for opposing regime". Science. doi:10.1126/science.aax2972. S2CID 166445629.
  10. ^ a b "News & Events". www.snas.org.sd. Archived from the original on 20 November 2022. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  11. ^ Nordling, Linda; Ndhlovu, Deborah-Fay (8 July 2011). "Sudan splits and science community divides". Nature. doi:10.1038/news.2011.408.
  12. ^ "Mohamed H.A. Hassan". www.pas.va. Archived from the original on 2023-01-05. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  13. ^ "Mr. Mohamed H. A. Hassan | Department of Economic and Social Affairs". sdgs.un.org. Archived from the original on 2022-11-07. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  14. ^ Partnership (IAP), the InterAcademy. "Sudanese National Academy of Science (SNAS)". www.interacademies.org. Archived from the original on 2023-04-04. Retrieved 2023-04-04.
  15. ^ "11 Sudanese Scientists You Should Know About". 500 Words Magazine. Archived from the original on 2023-04-02. Retrieved 2023-04-04.
  16. ^ Sciences (TWAS), The World Academy of (12 September 2017). "Sudan: Building a Reputation". TWAS. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  17. ^ "Professor Suad Sulaiman". World Science Forum. Archived from the original on 2023-04-13. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  18. ^ "Suad Mohammed Sulaiman". TDR Global. Archived from the original on 2021-07-29. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  19. ^ "Letter from President". Sudanese National Academy of Sciences - SNAS. Archived from the original on 2022-12-08. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  20. ^ "SNAS Strategic Plan". Sudanese National Academy of Sciences - SNAS. Archived from the original on 2022-12-08. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  21. ^ "in partnership with Organization for Women in Science for the Developing World". mnrc.uofk.edu. Archived from the original on 2023-04-13. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  22. ^ "1st Sudanese Swiss Science Forum | DNDi". dndi.org. Archived from the original on 2022-12-04. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  23. ^ "Science for peace (STEM Sudan)". snas.org.sd. Archived from the original on 2022-12-08. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  24. ^ Ahmed El Tohami, Abu Bakr El Siddig (7 September 2018). "Smart Artisanal Gold Mining from a Sudanese Perspective". Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research. 8 (5). doi:10.26717/BJSTR.2018.08.001704. S2CID 240226398.
  25. ^ "2023 Celebrate Sudan Week || KICS 3rd Community Lecture". snas.org.sd. Archived from the original on 2023-04-05. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  26. ^ Partnership (IAP), the InterAcademy (2023-09-26). "SNAS appeals for solidarity with the Sudanese people". www.interacademies.org. Retrieved 2023-10-29.
  27. ^ Hassan, Mohamed H. A. (2023-10-31). "Sudan's disastrous war — and the science it is imperilling". Nature. 623 (7985): 10–10. doi:10.1038/d41586-023-03341-7.
  28. ^ Nordling, Linda (2023-09-28). "Sudan's scientists plead for help as war ravages research – Research Professional News". Retrieved 2023-10-29.
  29. ^ "War forces Sudanese science academy to appeal for help". University World News. 2023-10-04. Retrieved 2023-10-29.
  30. ^ s.r.l, Interfase (21 November 2022). "TWAS elects 50 new Fellows". TWAS. Archived from the original on 2023-01-03. Retrieved 2023-02-24.
  31. ^ "Eltahir CV". web.mit.edu. Archived from the original on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2023-02-24.
  32. ^ "El-Tom Mohamed El-Amin Ahmed | The AAS". www.aasciences.africa. Archived from the original on 2023-01-02. Retrieved 2023-01-02.
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  34. ^ "StackPath". www.qatar.tamu.edu. Archived from the original on 2022-03-23. Retrieved 2023-04-13.
  35. ^ "Tamuq faculty member elected to Sudanese National Academy of Sciences". Gulf Times. 2022-04-01. Archived from the original on 2022-04-27. Retrieved 2023-04-13.