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Sudhi Ranjan Das
Sudhi Ranjan Das, Chief Justice of India
5th Chief Justice of India
In office
1 February 1956 – 30 September 1959
Appointed byRajendra Prasad
Preceded byBijan Kumar Mukherjea
Succeeded byB. P. Sinha
Personal details
Born(1894-10-01)1 October 1894
Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India[1]
Died18 September 1977(1977-09-18) (aged 82)
Alma materUniversity of Calcutta
University College London Patha Bhavana

Sudhi Ranjan Das (1 October 1894 – 18 September 1977) was the 5th Chief Justice of India, serving from 1 February 1956 to 30 September 1959. Das also served as chairman of The Statesman.[2]

Background and education

S.R. Das was born in Calcutta[1] into the prominent Baidya Brahmin Das family (originally Dasgupta) of Telirbagh. He was born to Rakhal Chandra Das and Binodini Das.

He attended Patha Bhavana, Santiniketan, where he was one of the first four pupils of Rabindranath Tagore.[2] After finishing his intermediate examinations at the Scottish Church College, he moved on to the Bangabasi College which was affiliated to the University of Calcutta from which he graduated. He later studied law at University College London and was awarded first-class honours LL.B. from University of London in 1918.

He was called to the Bar in 1918 at Gray's Inn, London.[2][3]

Judicial career

He was elevated to the Bench as an Additional Judge of Calcutta High Court in 1942. He became a Puisne Judge, Calcutta High Court in 1944.

He served as the Chief Justice of Punjab High Court from 1949 to 1950.

He was appointed to the Federal Court/Supreme Court of India in 1950 days before the commencement of the new Constitution. He officiated twice as Acting Chief Justice of India before holding the highest Judicial office of the country- Chief Justice of India for over three years. He retired on 30 September 1959.

Family life

Sudhi Ranjan Das was married to the former Swapna Majumdar, the daughter of S.B. Majumdar, an ICS officer. By his wife, he had two sons, Group Captain Suranjan Das and Suhrid Ranjan Das, and a daughter, Anjana. His daughter married his junior counsel Ashoke Sen, who later became Union Law Minister. His children were all named by Rabindranath Tagore.

Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, Sarala Roy, Abhla Bose and Satish Ranjan Das are his cousins.

1, Safdurjung Road

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The bungalow at 1, Safdurjung Road used by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi as her residence was priorly inhabited by Chief Justice S.R. Das. This bungalow witnessed the assassination of the PM Mrs. Indira Gandhi in 1984. It is now a museum.


  1. ^ a b "Sudhi Ranjan Das". Journal of the Indian Law Institute. 2 (2/3): 154–156. January–June 1960. JSTOR 43953753.
  2. ^ a b c Biography on Supreme Court of India's NIC webpage
  3. ^ 175th Year Commemoration Volume. Scottish Church College. April 2008. p. 593. OCLC 243677369. S. R. Das (Chief Justice, Supreme Court)