Map of Mesopotamia during the kingdom of Shamshi-Adad I showing the location of Suhum near the Euphrates
Map of Mesopotamia during the kingdom of Shamshi-Adad I showing the location of Suhum near the Euphrates

Suhum, Sūḫu, or Suhi[1] was an ancient geographic region around the middle course of the Euphrates River, south of Mari. Its known history covers the period from the Middle Bronze Age (c. 2000-1700/1600 BCE) to the Iron Age (c. 1200-700 BCE).[2] During the Bronze Age, Suhum was divided into an Upper Suhum, with its capital in Hanat, and a Lower Suhum with its capital in Jabliji. Several ancient letters place the Sutean people as having lived in the region of Suhum.[3] In 616 BCE, Suhum subordinated themselves to the king of Babylon, Nabopolassar (ruled 626-605 BCE). Three years later, in 613 BCE, Suhum rebelled against him, which led Nabopolassar to send an expedition against Suhum.

References

Citations
  1. ^ Russell, H. (1985). The Historical Geography of the Euphrates and Habur According to the Middle- and Neo-Assyrian Sources. Iraq, 47, 71. doi:10.2307/4200232 JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4200232. Accessed 11 May 2020.
  2. ^ Bartelmus, Alexa (2016). "A Short Introduction on the Sūḫu Texts". oracc.museum.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  3. ^ Heimpel, Wolfgang (2003). Letters to the King of Mari: A New Translation, with Historical Introduction, Notes, and Commentary. Eisenbrauns. ISBN 9781575060804. p.26
Bibliography