Sukerchakia Misl
ਸ਼ੁੱਕਰਚੱਕੀਆ ਮਿਸਲ
Shukarchakī'ā Misal
1752–1801
CapitalGujranwala
Common languagePunjabi
Religion
Sardar 
• 1752–1774
Charat Singh
• 1774–1792
Mahan Singh
• 1792–1801
Ranjit Singh
Historical eraEarly modern period
• Split from Singhpuria Misl
1752
• Capture of Lahore by Ranjit Singh and formation of the Sikh Empire
1801
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Durrani Empire
Singhpuria Misl
Sikh Empire
Today part ofPakistan

The Sukerchakia Misl was one of 12 Sikh Misls in Punjab during the 18th century concentrated in Gujranwala and Hafizabad district in Western Punjab (in modern-Pakistan) and ruled from (1752-1801). Misl was founded by Chaudhary Charat Singh a Jat of Sandhawalia and grandfather of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.[1] The Sukerchakia last Misldar (commander of the Misl) was Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Towards the end of the eighteenth century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh united all the Misls and established an independent Sikh Empire.

History

Maharaja Ranjit Singh's family genealogy
Maharaja Ranjit Singh's family genealogy

Chaudhary Naudh Singh was the Landlord Chaudhary of Gujranwala area that he renamed as Shukar Chak i.e. Thanks for the land. Chaudhary Charat Singh was the eldest son of Chaudhary Naudh Singh, the father of Maha Singh, and the grandfather of Ranjit Singh. Charat Singh created the Sukerchakia Misl.[2][3]

He distinguished himself at an early age in campaigns against Ahmad Shah Abdali and split from the Singhpuria Misl to establish The Sukerchakia Misl in Gujranwala. He married Sardarni Desan Kaur the daughter of Sardar Amir Singh of Gujranwala, an older but still powerful sardar, and moved his headquarters there. He extended his rule in Rohtas, Chakwal, Pind Dadan Khan which Stood in Pothohar Region of Northern Punjab and took Wazirabad under his control. Then came Sardar Maha Singh (d.1792) who also expanded the Misl further. After the decline of the Mughals, Maharaja Ranjit Singh united all the misls and shaped a powerful kingdom in Punjab.

"Chaudhary Charat Singh strengthened his position by matrimonial alliances.

To establish a prominent place for himself among the Sikhs Charat Singh built a fort at Amritsar to the north of the city." - Hari Ram Gupta[4]

Battles fought by Sukerchakia Misl

References

  1. ^ "Sukerchakia Misl".
  2. ^ Khushwant Singh (2008). "Chapter 1: Ranjit Singh's Ancestors, Birth and the Years of Tutelage". Ranjit Singh, Maharaja of the Punjab. Penguin Books, India. pp. 1–3. ISBN 9780143065432.
  3. ^ "Sikh Warriors". Archived from the original on 14 November 1999.
  4. ^ Gupta, Hari Ram (October 2001). History of the Sikhs. Vol. IV: Sikh Commonwealth or Rise and Fall of the Misls. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 1982. p. 304. ISBN 978-8121501651.
  5. ^ a b Jacques, Tony (2006). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 419. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015.
  6. ^ Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 116. ISBN 9788186505465.
  7. ^ Grewal, J.S. (1990). The Sikhs of the Punjab. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0-521-63764-3. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  8. ^ Bhagat Singh, A History of Sikh Misals
  9. ^ Duggal, K. S. (2001). Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Last to Lay Arms. Abhinav Publications. p. 46. ISBN 9788170174103.