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Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi
Emir of Sharjah
Reign25 January 1972 – present
PredecessorSheikh Khalid III bin Muhammad
Heir presumptiveSultan bin Muhammed bin Sultan II bin Saqr
Born (1939-07-02) 2 July 1939 (age 82)
Sharjah, Trucial States
SpouseSheikha Moza bint Salim Al Falasi
Jawahir bint Mohammed
IssueSheikha Azza bin Sultan
Sheikh Mohammed bin Sultan, Crown Prince of Sharjah
Sheikha Bodour bint Sultan
Sheikha Noor bint Sultan
Sheikha Hoor bint Sultan
Sheikh Khalid bin Sultan
Sultan bin Muhammad bin Al-Qasimi
Arabic: صاحب السمو الشيخ سلطان بن محمد القاسمي
HouseAl-Qasimi of Sharjah
FatherSheikh Mohammed bin Saqr bin Khalid Al Qasimi
MotherSheikha Maryam bint Ghanem bin Salem Al Shamsi (1915 – 11 August 2010)

Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi (Arabic: سلطان بن محمد القاسمي‎; born 2 July 1939), also known as Sheikh Sultan III, is the sovereign ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah and is a member of the Federal Supreme Council of the United Arab Emirates.[1] He has ruled Sharjah continuously since January 1972, apart from a six-day period in June 1987, during an attempted coup led by his brother Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Mohammed Al-Qasimi.[2] He is also an established historian and has published several theatrical and literary works.[3][4]

In 2014, Al-Qasimi founded a university with his name: "Qasimia University".


After completing his elementary and secondary education between Sharjah, Kuwait City and Dubai, Al-Qasimi went on to study a Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Engineering at Cairo University, graduating in 1971. He completed a PhD with distinction in History at Exeter University in 1985, and another in the Political Geography of the Gulf at Durham University in 1999.[citation needed]

Al-Qasimi is an Indophile, has made numerous visits to India in his private capacity and even speaks the Malayalam language, albeit haltingly. His abiding interest and affinity for India has been attributed to the fact that as a child, he was raised by a Malayali nanny from Kerala and picked up the Malayalam language from her.

Sheikh Sultan succeeded his brother, Sheikh Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, as Emir after his assassination on 25 January 1972.[citation needed] He was previously the minister of education for the Emirates.

In addition to those offices, he holds several educational posts. He became president of both the American University of Sharjah and the University of Sharjah in 1997 and was named a visiting professor at Exeter University, his alma mater, in 1998. He became a professor of modern history of the Gulf at the University of Sharjah in 1999. In 2008 he also became a visiting professor at Cairo University.[citation needed]

His eldest son from his first marriage, Sheikh Mohammed bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1974–1999), was the crown prince of the emirate and died after a heroin overdose at the Emir's residence in Wych Cross Place, near Forest Row, East Grinstead, on 3 April 1999 at the age of 24 years.[5][6] A state mourning period in Sharjah of seven days was observed and flags flew at half-mast. With reports of increasing drug abuse problems in the emirate, in May 2018 the emir announced the directive to establish the "Irada" drug addiction treatment and rehabilitation centre in Sharjah.[7][8][9]

His younger son Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi (1980–2019), owner of British clothing chain Qasimi, died in London aged 39. His death was, according to the coroner, 'drug related' as 'toxicology tests revealed Khalid had high levels of GHB and “recreational” amounts of cocaine in his system'.[10][11][12]


With his first wife, Moza bint Salem, he had two children.

With his second wife, Sheikha Jawaher bint Mohammed Al Qasimi, he had four children.[14]

Development Projects in Kalba

The Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi development projects in Kalba are a series of large-scale tourism and community development projects launched by Al Qasimi in the city of Kalba in the emirate of Sharjah.[15]

The projects include the restoration of historic buildings, the renovation of public spaces, the opening of a biodiversity protection center, and several tourism and cultural projects.[16][17]

Public Spaces  

Kalba Clock Tower Square

The square is designed to serve as a landmark for the city and is composed of a clock tower and a twelve-nozzle fountain representing the hands of a clock. The tower will be 42 meters high and will offer two viewing balconies for visitors and will be surrounded by a green area. The project also includes the development of surrounding roads and a car park. Work on the project began in April 2021.[18][19]

Kalba Beach Corniche

The project was inaugurated in April 2021 and included improving rainwater drainage, the development of a running track, the addition of public seating areas and the planting of trees.[20] 

Culture and Tourism  

Bait Saeed Al Qasimi  

The Bait Saeed Al Qasimi was built in 1898 and is located on the east coast of Kalba. It is considered an important historical and cultural landmark in Sharjah and acts as a museum of Emirati and Islamic culture.[21] The restoration project covers the maintenance of the museum, the development of surrounding roads and improving guest areas around the building.[22]

Heritage Mosque Square

The square is located on Kalba Beach Road and was inaugurated in April 2021. It is considered a prominent tourist destination in Sharjah, featuring a distinctive water fountain with changing lights and the Saif bin Ghanim Mosque, one of the oldest places of worship in the emirate. As part of the Kalba development projects, work was launched to restore the mosque, also known as the fishermen heritage mosque or the Al Sayadin Heritage Mosque due to the fact that it was used as a place of prayer for local fishermen. The mosque is built from coral stone, palm fronds and sandalwood.[23][24]

Kalba Heritage Museum

The Kalba Heritage Museum project is a planned project to construct a large-scale museum focused on the history of Kalba and its surrounding areas. Its design plans show that the museum structure will be shaped like a sail and will be located on the seashore.[25][26]

Environmental Protection  

Khor Kalba Mangrove Center

Kalba is home to a protected natural mangrove forest. Conservation efforts around the mangrove have sought to protect the declining populations of white-collared kingfisher birds that inhabit the area.[27] The Khor Kalba Mangrove Center was opened in the spring of 2021 as a sanctuary to protect the mangrove’s biodiversity and local wildlife, help rehabilitate turtles, and nurture endangered birds. It consists of several pod-like structures inspired by sea urchins with minimal environmental impact and includes a visitor center, veterinary clinics, and laboratories.[28][29]

Kalba breakwater project

Work on the project began in April 2021 as part of prevention measures to protect against damages caused by hurricanes and seasonal storms. The project includes the building of four breakwaters on Kalba Beach that are designed to preserve ecological life and the region’s coastal aesthetic.[30][15]

Jabal Al Ruman planting project

The Jabal Al Ruman planting project is an initiative to plant pomegranate trees on Jabal Al Ruman (meaning Pomegranate Mountain) in Kalba. It was launched in October 2020 and aims to plant the evergreen trees in an effort to conserve the mountain’s environment.[31]


Soor Kalba building project

The Soor Kalba project is a mixed-use development project being constructed in the city of Kalba. It is valued at AED 180 million and consists of the construction of 105 buildings, including 420 apartments and 315 shops. Each building is designed to include both residential and retail units, with Islamic architectural elements. The project further covers the development of car parks and green spaces.[32][33]

Souq Al Jubail

Work on the Souq Al Jubail project was launched in April 2021 in the city of Kalba and consists of expanding the existing fresh produce market initially opened in 2015.[34] The refurbished market is set to cover over 352,000 square feet, expanding the existing market by four times its size. The project will include retail spaces for the sale of fruits and vegetables, fish, and meat as well as restaurants and a car park.[35]

Honours and awards


National honour

Foreign honours

Honorary degrees and awards

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See also  


  1. ^ "Biography of Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  2. ^ Jessup, John E. (1998). "An encyclopedic dictionary of conflict and conflict resolution, 1945–1996", p. 773, Greenwood Press.
  3. ^ "Five books to read by Sharjah Ruler Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi". The National. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Literary". The Personal Website of H.H. Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Mystery death of sheikh, aged 24". The Argus.
  6. ^ "Sheikh died after heroin overdose". The Independent. 16 June 1999.
  7. ^ "Ruler of Sharjah directs to establish drug addiction treatment and rehabilitation centre". The Personal Website of H.H. Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi.
  8. ^ "Sharjah to set up new drug-rehab centre".
  9. ^ Wam (11 January 2017). "Sheikh Mohammed issues Law on formation of 'Irada' Rehab and Treatment Centre". Emirates24-7.
  10. ^ "Fashion Designer and Son of Sharjah Ruler, Sheikh Khalid al Qasimi, Has Passed Away".
  11. ^ "Emirati son of Sharjah ruler dies in London at age 39". 2 July 2019.
  12. ^ "Emir's fashion designer son, 39, dies after cocaine and sex drug binge at luxury Knightsbridge flat". 12 December 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  13. ^ Terri Judd (16 June 1999). "Sheikh died after heroin overdose". Independent. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Personal | HHEO".
  15. ^ a b "Sharjah Ruler unveils new vision for historic east coast port town of Kalba". The National. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Sharjah Ruler inaugurates, inspects key projects in Kalba". Construction Week.
  17. ^ "Sharjah Ruler unveils new vision for historic east coast port town of Kalba". The National. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  18. ^ "Sharjah Ruler unveils new vision for historic east coast port town of Kalba". The National. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  19. ^ "Sultan lays foundation stone for Kalba Clock Tower Square". Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  20. ^ "UAE: New beach corniche inaugurated in Sharjah". Gulf Insider. 10 April 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  21. ^ "Bait Sheikh Saeed Bin Hamad Al Qasimi". Sharjah Museums Authority - Museums.
  22. ^ "Sharjah Ruler inaugurates restoration of Bait Saeed Al Qasimi". wam. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  23. ^ "Sharjah Ruler inaugurates Heritage Mosque Square in Kalba". Emirati News. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  24. ^ admin (10 April 2021). "Ruler of Sharjah inaugurates development projects in Kalba – UAE – News and Reports". Saudi 24 News. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  25. ^ "UAE megaprojects 2021: new developments taking shape in Dubai, Abu Dhabi and the Northern Emirates". The National. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  26. ^ "3-day heritage fest brings joy to residents of Kalba". Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  27. ^ "Mangrove fears over Emirates eco-tourism project". The National. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  28. ^ months, Moumita Chakraborty 2; Weeks, 2 (21 April 2021). "Kalba gets a new mangrove sanctuary –Khor Kalba Mangrove Centre". Mashable ME. Retrieved 8 July 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  29. ^ Wam. "Kalba gets another mangrove sanctuary". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  30. ^ "Ruler of Sharjah inaugurates breakwater project in Kalba". wam. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  31. ^ "Sheikh Sultan inaugurates Jabal Al Ruman planting project in Kalba city". Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  32. ^ "You are being redirected..." Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  33. ^ "Sharjah Ruler inspects Soor Kalba building project". wam. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  34. ^ "Souq Al Jubail – Sharjah's Largest Fresh Produce Market". Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  35. ^ "Sharjah Ruler lays foundation stone for Souq Al Jubail in Kalba". wam. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  36. ^ "Khalifa honours Mohammed, Sultan".
  37. ^ "Khalifa honours Mohammed bin Rashid with 'Zayed Order'". Emirates 24/7.
  38. ^ "Arabstoday".
  39. ^ "Sharjah Ruler wins Germany's Grand Order of Merit". The Diplomat Magazine. 3 July 2015.
  40. ^ "Sharjah Prize for doctoral theses in management science in the Arab world site | Sharjah Prize for doctoral theses in management science in the Arab world".