Sunbury, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Route 61 and Pennsylvania Route 147 in Sunbury
Location of Sunbury in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Sunbury in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.
Sunbury is located in Pennsylvania
Sunbury
Sunbury
Location of Sunbury in Pennsylvania
Sunbury is located in the United States
Sunbury
Sunbury
Sunbury (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°51′50″N 76°47′21″W / 40.86389°N 76.78917°W / 40.86389; -76.78917
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
CountyNorthumberland County
Settled1772
Incorporated (borough)1797
Incorporated (city)1920
Government
 • TypeCity
 • MayorJoshua A. Brocious [1] (R)
Area
 • Total2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)
 • Land2.01 sq mi (5.20 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)  1.40%
Elevation
[3] (benchmark at city center)
450 ft (140 m)
Highest elevation
[3] (eastern city boundary)
640 ft (200 m)
Lowest elevation
[3] (Susquehanna River)
420 ft (130 m)
Population
 • Total9,719
 • Density4,842.55/sq mi (1,870.07/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
17801
Area code(s)570 and 272
FIPS code42-75304
WebsiteCity website

Sunbury (/ˈsʌnbɛri/ SUN-berr-ee) is a city and the county seat of Northumberland County in Pennsylvania, United States. Located in the Susquehanna Valley, Sunbury is positioned on the east bank of the Susquehanna River.

Sunbury's roots stretch back to the early 18th century. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 9,905. The city is one of the three principal cities in the larger Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area.

Sunbury is connected to inventor Thomas Edison. In 1883, the Hotel Edison became the first building in Sunbury to be illuminated by Edison's innovative three-wire electrical system.[5] The hotel was later named in honor of Edison.[6]

Sunbury is home to the Beck House and the Northumberland County Courthouse. The Sunbury Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

History

Front Street Amphitheater in Sunbury by Susquehanna River
Monument to Thomas Edison near Sunbury

The first human settlement of Sunbury were likely Shawnee migrants.[8] A large population of Delaware Indians was also forcibly resettled there in the early 18th century after they lost rights to their land in the Walking Purchase. Canassatego of the Six Nations, enforcing the Walking Purchase of behalf of George Thomas, Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania, ordered the Delaware Indians to go to two places on the Susquehanna River, one of which was present-day Sunbury.[8]

From 1727 to 1756, Sunbury was one of the largest and most influential Indian settlements in Pennsylvania.[8] At that time, it was known as Shamokin, not to be confused with the present-day city of Shamokin, Pennsylvania, which is located to the east.

In 1745, Presbyterian missionary David Brainerd described the city as being located on both the east and west sides of the river, and on an island. Brainerd reported that the city housed 300 Indians, half of which were Delawares and the other Seneca and Tutelo.[9]

In 1754, much of the land west of the Susquehanna was transferred from the Six Nations to Pennsylvania at the Albany Congress. However, Shamokin was not sold and was reserved by the Six Nations, "to settle such of our Nations as shall come to us from the Ohio or any others who shall deserve to be in our Alliance."[10]: 215  According to Weslager, "the Pennsylvania authorities had no opposition to the Six Nations reserving Wyoming and Shamokin from the sale, since friendly Delawares, including Teedyuskung (also known as Teedyuscung) and his people living in those settlements--and any other Indians who might be placed there--constituted a buffer against Connecticut."[10]

The French and Indian War brought fighting to much of the region. The Delaware Indian residents of Shamokin remained neutral for much of the early part of the war, in part because a drought and unseasonable frost in Shamokin in 1755 left them without provisions.[11]

However, the Delaware Indians at Shamokin joined the war against Pennsylvania and the English after the Gnadenhütten massacre in 1755, and Shamokin was abandoned in May 1756.[12] Pennsylvania Fort Augusta was built in 1756 on the former site of the village of Shamokin. The Bloody Spring is a historic site from the era.

On March 21, 1772, Northumberland County was incorporated and subdivided.[13] The settlement was named Sunbury that same year, and the present-day city of Sunbury identifies 1772 as the date of its establishment.[14] It was named after Sunbury-on-Thames, a town in the Surrey borough of Spelthorne, England, just outside Greater London.

1851 Northumberland County Court House Sketch - Sunbury, Pennsylvania

Lorenzo Da Ponte, the librettist of Mozart and of Salieri, lived in Sunbury for some years after his arrival in America.

In July 1883, American inventor Thomas Edison installed the first successful three-wire electric lighting system in at what was then known as the City Hotel. At the city's 150th anniversary celebration in 1922, it was renamed the Edison Hotel.[15]

Historical Places

Walking path in Sunbury

This is a list of the historical places located in Sunbury, Pennsylvania.

NAME BUILT LOCATION CATEGORY NRHP
Beck House[16] 1785 62 N Front St, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Home 76001659
Keefer Station[17] 1888 Mill Rd, Sunbury, PA 17801 Structure-Bridge 79002313
Northumberland County Courthouse[18] 1865 201 Market St, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Government 74001800
Snyder (Caspar) House[19] 1798 Lower Augusta Township, PA 17801 Building-Home 09000101
Sunbury Armory[20] 1938 206 Armory Rd, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Government 89002082
The Hotel Edison[21] 1871 401 Market St, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Commercial
Sunbury Historic District[22] 1870 Arch-Chestnut Sts., Sunbury, PA Location-District 83004240
Maclay-Wolverton House[23] 1773 106 Arch St, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Home
Tilgham House 1772 106 Market St, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Home
Hall House 1795 106 Market St, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Home
Penn's Tavern 1791 113 River Road, Sunbury, PA 7801 Building-Commercial
Northumberland County Prison 1876 39 N 2nd St, Sunbury, PA 17801 Building-Government

PHMC Historical Markers

Walking path in Sunbury

This is a list of the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission historical markers[24] located in Sunbury, Pennsylvania.

NAME MARKER TEXT LOCATION PHMC ID
Danville-Pottsville R.R. Opened Sunbury to Paxinos in 1835, operated on wood rails by horsepower. Steam locomotive first used in 1838; and iron rails, 1853. The terminal was nearby; here anthracite was loaded on canal boats for shipment to Philadelphia, Baltimore. S Front St. (PA 147), near Church St., Sunbury 1947HM00288
First Electric Light First successful use of a three-wire electric lighting system was made July 4, 1883, in the City Hotel building in Sunbury. Thomas A. Edison directed the work. The Edison Electric Illuminating Co. plant was at 4th and Vine Street. Front St. (PA 147), just N of Chestnut St., Sunbury 1947HM00289
Fort Augusta Built in 1756–57 by Cols. Burd and Clapham and the key frontier outpost of the region. Mansion built 1852. N Front St. (PA 147) just S of John St., at site (and Co. Hist. Soc.), Sunbury 1948HM00126
Lorenzo Da Ponte (1749–1838) Mozart's librettist in the 1780s for "The Marriage of Figaro," "Don Giovanni," and "Cosi fan tutte" came to America in 1805 and lived in Sunbury from June 1811 to August 1818. Da Ponte wrote that on visiting Sunbury, the adopted home of his wife's family, "I grew so enamored of the town that I resolved to settle there." A teacher, distiller, and merchant, he lived at the southwest corner of Third and Market Streets. Cameron Park (central median of Market St.) at 3rd St., Sunbury 1994HM00032
Northumberland County Formed March 21, 1772 from Lancaster, Cumberland, Berks, Bedford and Northampton counties. Some 27 counties today occupy its once vast area. Sunbury, the county seat, was laid out 1772. Site of Fort Augusta, a key post built 1756–57. Courthouse, 2nd & Market Sts., Sunbury 1982HM00047
Shikellamy Oneida chief and overseer or vice-regent of the Six Nations asserting Iroquois dominion over conquered Delaware and other tribes. He lived at Shamokin Indian town, Sunbury, from about 1728 until his death, 1748. Said to be buried near here. Front St. (PA 147) between John & Julia Sts., at Fort Augusta site and Co. hist. soc., Sunbury 1947HM00293
Shikellamy Erected as a memorial to Shikellamy, also Swataney, "Our Enlightener," in the province. First sent to Shamokin (Sunbury) in 1728; appointed vice-gerent in 1745. Died Dec. 6, 1758; He was buried near this spot. This diplomat and statesman was a firm friend of the Province of Pennsylvania. Front St. (PA 147) at Adam St., N of site, Sunbury 1915HM00011
Sunbury Laid out 1772 as the county seat of Northumberland on the site of Indian Shamokin by surveyor-General Lukens and William Maclay. Borough incorporation Mar. 24, 1797. Here Fort Augusta was built in 1756. Historic center of travel, trade and industry. Route 147/61 (Front St.), at Weis Markets HQ, S end of Sunbury

Highland St. (PA 61) at metal truss bridge, E end of Sunbury

1947HM00295

1947HM00296

The Sullivan Expedition Against the Iroquois Indians - Fort Augusta First selected as rendezvous for Sullivan Expedition Lt. Col. Adam Hubley's Command. The only regiment quartered here to march against the Six Nations. N Front St. (PA 147) S of John St., at site (and Co. hist. soc.), Sunbury 1929HM00020
Thompson's Rifle Battalion: Capt. John Lowdon's Company Recruited from nearby points in June 1775, Lowdon's Company was a part of the first battalion in the colonies authorized by Congress. Among those who entered Continental service in this company was Timothy Murphy, whose many feats of marksmanship were to make him a hero of the Revolution. Front St. (PA 147) between John & Julia Sts., at Hunter Home, Fort Augusta (and Co. hist. soc.), Sunbury 1987HM00007
William Maclay Lived in the house opposite, 1773–86, and then moved to Harrisburg. Member of first U.S. Senate; wrote a famous Journal of its debates. A critic of Washington and Hamilton; pioneer leader of Jeffersonian democracy. He helped survey Sunbury, 1772. Front St. (PA 147) betw. Arch St. and Pennsylvania Ave., Sunbury 1947HM00298
The Bloody Spring Here, during the French and Indian War (1754–1763), one colonial soldier venturing from the garrison at nearby Fort Augusta, was fatally shot by an Indian foe. His blood is said to have crimsoned its waters. Memorial Dr. near Shikellamy Ave. across from Memorial Park, just N of Sunbury 1967HM00026

Geography

Sunbury is at 40°51′50″N 76°47′21″W / 40.86389°N 76.78917°W / 40.86389; -76.78917 (40.863894, -76.789174).[25] It is located at the point where the west and north branches of the Susquehanna converge.[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2), of which 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (1.40%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Sunbury, Pennsylvania (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1957–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
77
(25)
81
(27)
91
(33)
97
(36)
100
(38)
102
(39)
99
(37)
96
(36)
91
(33)
78
(26)
71
(22)
102
(39)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 35.3
(1.8)
39.0
(3.9)
47.7
(8.7)
61.1
(16.2)
71.7
(22.1)
79.8
(26.6)
84.4
(29.1)
82.2
(27.9)
75.1
(23.9)
63.6
(17.6)
50.8
(10.4)
40.1
(4.5)
60.9
(16.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 27.1
(−2.7)
29.8
(−1.2)
37.6
(3.1)
49.2
(9.6)
59.5
(15.3)
68.3
(20.2)
72.4
(22.4)
70.7
(21.5)
63.1
(17.3)
52.0
(11.1)
41.3
(5.2)
32.3
(0.2)
50.3
(10.2)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 18.9
(−7.3)
20.6
(−6.3)
27.4
(−2.6)
37.2
(2.9)
47.2
(8.4)
56.8
(13.8)
60.3
(15.7)
59.2
(15.1)
51.2
(10.7)
40.4
(4.7)
31.8
(−0.1)
24.6
(−4.1)
39.6
(4.2)
Record low °F (°C) −15
(−26)
−10
(−23)
−1
(−18)
16
(−9)
28
(−2)
37
(3)
41
(5)
41
(5)
27
(−3)
0
(−18)
8
(−13)
−12
(−24)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.98
(76)
2.30
(58)
3.33
(85)
3.74
(95)
3.77
(96)
4.38
(111)
4.32
(110)
3.93
(100)
4.52
(115)
3.92
(100)
3.16
(80)
3.34
(85)
43.69
(1,110)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.6
(19)
8.6
(22)
5.2
(13)
0.6
(1.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.5
(3.8)
4.9
(12)
28.6
(73)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.0 8.9 9.8 12.1 13.5 12.4 10.6 11.0 9.1 10.8 8.8 10.0 127.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.4 4.2 1.9 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 2.4 14.1
Source: NOAA[26][27]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1800613
181079028.9%
18208619.0%
18301,03620.3%
18401,1086.9%
18501,2189.9%
18601,80348.0%
18703,13173.7%
18804,07730.2%
18905,93045.5%
19009,81065.4%
191013,77040.4%
192015,72114.2%
193015,626−0.6%
194015,462−1.0%
195015,5700.7%
196013,687−12.1%
197013,025−4.8%
198012,292−5.6%
199011,591−5.7%
200010,610−8.5%
20109,905−6.6%
20209,719−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[28]

Sunbury is the largest principal city of the Sunbury-Lewisburg-Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Sunbury (Northumberland County), Lewisburg (Union County), and Selinsgrove (Snyder County) micropolitan areas,[29][30] which had a combined population of 173,726 at the 2000 census.

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,905 people, 4,540 households, and 2,637 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,716.7 people per square mile. There were 4,864 housing units at an average density of 2,316.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of Sunbury in 2000 was 95.26% White, 1.29% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.91% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population.

In 2000, there were 4,540 households, of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.91.

In 2000, the city the population had 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.

The median income for a household in Sunbury was $37,851 and the average $52,975 in 2020. About 19.8% of the population was below the poverty line.[31]

Notable businesses

Weis Markets, a regional supermarket chain operating in seven states, is headquartered in Sunbury. The company is a significant employer in the city and the region.[citation needed]

Great Coasters International is a roller coaster design and manufacturing firm and lists its contact address in Sunbury, though it is located outside of the city limits.[citation needed]

Sunbury Motor Company is a family-owned and -operated company since 1915; it is on North 4th Street.[32]

The Squeeze-In on Market Street is an iconic business that sells hot dogs seven days a week with just five stools. The business is just 7.5 feet wide. Hot dogs are sold to-go out the service window. Serving hot dogs since 1945.

Zimmerman Motors on Market Street is a family business that began making horse-drawn carriages in 1889 and now sells automobiles.[32]

Education

Map of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

The local public school system is the Shikellamy School District. There is a campus of Lackawanna College in the city.

Primary and Secondary Education

Shikellamy School District

Name Category Low Grade High Grade Address Website
Shikellamy High School Secondary 6 12 600 Walnut St, Sunbury, PA 17801 https://shs.shikbraves.org/
Shikellamy Virtual Academy Secondary Virtual https://va.shikbraves.org/
Chief Shikellamy Elementary Primary 3 4 338 Memorial Dr, Sunbury, PA 17801 https://ces.shikbraves.org/
Grace S. Beck Elementary Primary 5 5 600 Arch St, Sunbury, PA 17801 https://bes.shikbraves.org/en-US
Oaklyn Elementary Primary K 2 115 Oak St, Sunbury, PA 17801 https://oes.shikbraves.org/
Priestley Elementary Primary K 2 423 Cannery Rd, Northumberland, PA 17857

Higher Education

Name Category Address Website
Triangle Tech Trade 191 Performance Rd, Sunbury, PA 17801 https://triangle-tech.edu/locations/sunbury
Penn State University-College of Agriculture Extension 443 Plum Creek Rd, Sunbury, PA 17801 https://agsci.psu.edu/
Lackawanna College Sunbury Center Community 1145 N 4th St, Sunbury, PA 17801 https://www.lackawanna.edu/locations/sunbury-center-sunbury-pa/

Libraries

The Degenstein Community Library at 40 South Fifth Street provides books, DVDs, internet access, educational classes, summer reading, and adult programs. The Degenstein Community Library was awarded a Gold Star from the Pennsylvania Library Association in 2018 for its participation in the PA Forward Star Library program. The library has maintained its gold star for the past 5 years.

The Northumberland County Historical Society maintains the Charlotte Darrah Walter Genealogical Library. It contains material on local history along with thousands of records of early families from Northumberland County and surrounding counties. Access to records is on a fee basis. The permanent exhibits deal with the site in prehistoric times, at the time of the Moravian Mission and blacksmith shop, and Fort Augusta during the French and Indian War and later under the Americans, during the Revolutionary War.[33]

Media

The local newspaper is The Daily Item. There are a variety of local radio stations, including the all news/sports channel WKOK 1070 kHz AM, the Big Country Radio Network (WLGL 92.3 FM, WQBG 100.5 FM, and WWBE 98.3 FM) and WFYY Y106.5 FM and 94.1 WQKX.

Notable people

18th Century Figures

19th Century Figures

20th Century Figures

In popular culture

In the episode titled "Nixon vs. Kennedy" in first season of the AMC cable drama Mad Men a train supposedly carrying the unrecognizable body of Pvt. Dick Whitman, who was killed in the Korean War, arrives in Sunbury. The escort officer with the casket is said to be Lt. Don Draper, and the casket is met by Dick Whitman's adoptive mother, his half brother, Adam and his mother's second husband. In fact, the person killed in Korea was Don Draper, and Dick Whitman has switched identities with Draper. Though Dick Whitman posing as Draper attempts to hide, Adam Whitman sees him, recognizes him, and chases the train as it leaves the station.[37]

On September 29, 2020, Sunbury was featured on the Comedy Central television series Tosh.0 in a recurring video category called Shithole of the Week, a segment in which host Daniel Tosh takes images or videos of various communities found online and will select the "Winner" based on the comedic negative features based in that community. The image that secured Sunbury's placement was a June 2020 video of a man spray painting "WIGHTE LIVES MATTER" on his personal fence with the intent of spelling "White Lives Matter".[38] Nearby city Shamokin was a previous "winner" of the same segment in 2016.

Parks and recreation

The extensive Sunbury Riverfront Park Project is in the planning and implementation stages in Sunbury. An extensive floodwall protection system was designed and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers in 1951. Additional height was added to the wall in 2003. The system has provided protection from 15 major flood events over the past 50 years.[39] In 1972, flood waters from Hurricane Agnes crested at 35.8 feet (10.9 m) at Sunbury, two feet higher than the crest in 1936. The wall held back the water and residents showed their gratitude in messages they wrote on the wall.[40]

Floodwall in Sunbury

Hurricane Agnes in late June 1972 was blamed for 10 deaths in Lancaster County, eight in Dauphin County, five in York County and four in both Northumberland and Luzerne counties, according to the Susquehanna River Basin Commission.[41]

Additionally, a multimillion-dollar fish ladder is being built across the river in Shamokin Dam to mitigate the impediment of the shad migration up the Susquehanna River caused by the annual inflation of the Adam T. Bower Fabri Dam.[42]

The Adam T. Bower Memorial Dam, an inflatable fabric-tube dam barrage impounding the Susquehanna River, creates the 3,000 acres (12 km2) Augusta Lake for recreation. It is inflated in May and deflated in the fall. The new waterfront development in Sunbury will provide a marina with transient boat docks, walking trails, gardens, an amphitheater and a new accessible fishing pier. Three acres of land will be added to the river side of the flood wall.

The city offers baseball fields, a skating park, tennis courts, playgrounds, a community pool and a small park that is next to the county courthouse, in the downtown area.[43]

A vacant building in the Shikellamy State Park along the river is under consideration for redevelopment as an environmental research and education center. Designed in the 1960s, the facility was originally the Basse Beck Environmental Center. It has been empty for several years.

Economy

The city and state struggle economically, part of America's "Rust Belt". A Brookings Institution publication has cited reasons including a lack of inter-municipal coordination and cooperation, a changing employment base and a dearth of jobs paying a living wage, out-migration of young people, an aging population, the need for workforce development, and an inequitable local tax structure.[44]

The Greater Susquehanna Valley United Way in 2006 commissioned a study regarding what matters most in area communities. They found that some major concerns were alcohol and drug use among all age groups and its effects on the community, the dependency on social services and assistance across generations, and a lack of public transportation.[45] It is the intention of the organization to focus spending on these issues.

The Susquehanna Industrial Development Corporation (SIDCO) received $173,500 in planning grant funding (2005) to support the redevelopment of the Wilhold Manufacturing facility in Sunbury. The BOS funding paid for a market study, phase II environmental study, wetland review, traffic impact study and title survey. The site, an 11.6-acre (47,000 m2) former rail yard and plastic manufacturing plant, is to be developed into four, 2-acre (8,100 m2) shovel ready sites. It was suggested that the redevelopment of this facility will result in the creation of 120 jobs.[46] The site was purchased by Moran Industries, based in Watsontown, for $200,000.[47] Moran is using the space for food grade storage.

Weis Markets has its corporate headquarters in Sunbury.[48]

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Mayor". City of Sunbury, Pa (SunburyPA.org). Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "Sunbury Topo Map, Northumberland County PA (Sunbury Area)". TopoZone. Locality, LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  4. ^ "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  5. ^ Scott, Rob. "Edison Hotel has long, colorful history." Sunbury, Pennsylvania: The Daily Item, July 2, 2007, p. B1 (subscription required).
  6. ^ "J. W. Treadwell Paid Tribute by PRR Chief." Sunbury, Pennsylvania: The Daily Item, p. 6 of pp. 1, 6 (subscription required).
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  8. ^ a b c Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: News Brunswick, p. 192.
  9. ^ Rev. John Edwards, ed., Memoirs of the Rev. David Brainerd, New Haven, 1822, p. 233.
  10. ^ a b Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: News Brunswick
  11. ^ Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, p. 225-227.
  12. ^ Weslager, C. A. (1972). The Delaware Indians: A History. Rutgers University Press: News Brunswick, p. 229.
  13. ^ "Area History :: Northumberland County Historical Society". www.northumberlandcountyhistoricalsociety.org.
  14. ^ a b "Home". City of Sunbury, Pa (SunburyPA.org).
  15. ^ "Home". City of Sunbury, Pa (SunburyPA.org).[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "Pennsylvania SP Beck House". National Archives Catalog #71998317.
  17. ^ "Pennsylvania MPS Keefer Station Covered Bridge". National Archives Catalog #71993422.
  18. ^ "Pennsylvania SP Northumberland County Courthouse". National Archives Catalog #71998321.
  19. ^ "Pennsylvania SP Snyder, Caspar, House". National Archives Catalog #71998323.
  20. ^ "Pennsylvania MPS Sunbury Armory". National Archives Catalog #71993416.
  21. ^ Klose, Jason. "The Edison Hotel: A Bright and Colorful History". Pennsylvania Center for the Book - The Pennsylvania State University.
  22. ^ "Pennsylvania SP Sunbury Historic District". National Archives Catalog #71998319.
  23. ^ "Bucknell University - The Maclay-Wolverton Home". Bucknell University.
  24. ^ "Pennsylvania Historical Marker Program". The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.
  25. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  26. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  27. ^ "Station: Sunbury, PA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  28. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  29. ^ MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  30. ^ COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  31. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. 2020. Archived from the original on October 30, 2023. Retrieved October 30, 2023.
  32. ^ a b Scicchitano, Eric (July 7, 2019). "Century of commerce in the Valley: Firms thrive, transform through decades". The Daily Item. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  33. ^ Northumberland County Historical Society website Archived 2007-06-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  34. ^ "Shikellamy Historical Marker", explorepahistory.com, Harrisburg, PA, USA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, retrieved July 28, 2012, Oneida chief and overseer or vice-regent of the Six Nations asserting Iroquois dominion over conquered Delaware and other tribes. He lived at Shamokin Indian town, Sunbury, from about 1728 until his death, 1748. Said to be buried near here.
  35. ^ Merrell, James. "Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier". ((cite web)): Missing or empty |url= (help)
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