|Supreme Court of Ghana|
|Composition method||Presidential nomination, in consultation with the Council of State and with Parliamentary confirmation and approval|
|Authorized by||Supreme Court Ordinance, 1876 and Constitution of Ghana, 1992|
|Judge term length||Mandatory retirement at age 70|
|Number of positions||A minimum of 9|
|Website||The Judicial Service of Ghana|
|Chief Justice of Ghana|
|Since||12 June 2023|
|Africa portal Politics portal|
The Supreme Court of Ghana is the highest judicial body in Ghana. Ghana's 1992 constitution guarantees the independence and separation of the Judiciary from the Legislative and the Executive arms of government.
The Supreme Court of Ghana has the final say on legal matters and can overturn lower court decisions. The Court consists of nine justices and hears cases on a wide range of issues, including criminal law, civil law, and administrative law.
The Supreme Court was established by the Supreme Court Ordinance (1876) as the highest tribunal in the Gold Coast (now Ghana) during the colonial era.
On July 2, 2013, the Supreme Court sentenced the editor of the aily Search light newspaper, Ken Kuranchie, to 10 days in prison for calling the 9 Justices hypocritical and selective. After the parliament of Ghana pas a bill allowing the cultivation of weed in the country in 2022, the Apex Court in May 2023 strikes out the cannabis cultivation bill by a 5-4 majority.
The Supreme Court of Ghana plays a critical role in the country's legal framework. Its jurisdiction extends to a wide range of matters, including:
The 1992 constitution stipulates that the Supreme Court is made up of the Chief Justice of Ghana and not less than nine other Justices of the Supreme Court. Is the final court of appeal and has jurisdiction over matters relating to the enforcement or the interpretation of constitutional law. The Chief Justice is appointed by the President of Ghana acting in consultation with the Council of State and with the approval of the country's Parliament. The other Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the President acting on the advice of the Judicial Council and in consultation with the Council of State. This must also be with the approval of Parliament. The 1992 Constitution abolished all the public tribunals established under the PNDC and created the Regional Tribunal whose chairman was equated with the High Court judges.There is no limit on the number of judges appointed to the Supreme Court. There have been calls for there to be a cap on the number but various judges advised against it due to the demands on the court by the 1992 constitution. The Court of Appeal, which includes the chief justice and not fewer than five other judges, has jurisdiction to hear and to determine appeals from any judgment, decree, or High Court of Justice order. The High Court of Justice, which consists of the chief justice and not fewer than twelve other justices, has jurisdiction in all matters, civil and criminal, other than those involving treason.
The current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana is her ladyship Justice Gertrude Torkornoo.
Main article: List of judges of the Supreme Court of Ghana
The following is a list of the judges of the Supreme Court. In July 2018, President Nana Akufo-Addo appointed four new judges to the Supreme Court. They were Samuel K. Marful-Sau and Agnes M.A Dordzie, both Justices of the Appeal Court, Nii Ashie Kotey, a former Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Ghana and Nene A. O. Amegatcher, a lawyer in private practice who also a former president of the Ghana Bar Association. One of the longest-serving judges of the Court, William Atuguba retired in the same month. He had been on the Supreme Court after being nominated by Jerry Rawlings in November 1995 until July 2018. The last female Chief Justice was Sophia Akuffo. She was the last Supreme Court Judge appointed by Jerry Rawlings to retire. She retired on 20 December 2019 and was replaced by Kwasi Anin-Yeboah on 7 January 2020. In December 2019, President Akufo-Addo appointed three new judges to the Supreme Court. They were Mariama Owusu, Avril Lovelace-Johnson, and Gertrude Tokornoo. They were to replace Vida Akoto-Bamfo, Sophia Adinyira, and Sophia Akuffo who had either retired or were due to retire.
|List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Ghana|
|Judge||Date Appointed||Length of service||Appointed by|
|17 December 2019||3 years, 9 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Paul Baffoe-Bonnie||11 June 2008||15 years, 3 months||John Kufuor|
|Gabriel Pwamang||29 June 2015||8 years, 3 months||John Mahama|
|Mariama Owusu||17 December 2019||5 years, 2 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Avril Lovelace-Johnson||17 December 2019||3 years, 9 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Issifu Omoro Tanko Amadu||22 May 2020||3 years, 4 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Henrietta Mensa-Bonsu||26 May 2020||3 years, 4 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Yonny Kulendi||26 May 2020||3 years, 4 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Barbara Ackah-Yensu||28 December 2022||9 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Samuel Adibu Asiedu||28 December 2022 ||9 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|George Kingsley Koomson||5 April 2023||6 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
|Ernest Gaewu||5 April 2023||6 months||Nana Akufo-Addo|
Since its inception in 1876, the Supreme Court has had 27 chief justices.
|List of chief justices of the Gold Coast and Ghana|
|Chief Justice||Time frame||Period|
|Sir David Patrick Chalmers||1876–1878||Gold Coast|
|P. A. Smith||1878–1879||Gold Coast|
|Sir James Marshall||1880–1882||Gold Coast|
|N. Lessingham Bailey||1882–1886||Gold Coast|
|H. W. Macleod||1886–1889||Gold Coast|
|Joseph Turner Hutchinson||1889 - 1894||Gold Coast|
|Francis Smith (acting)||1894 - 1895||Gold Coast|
|Sir William Brandford Griffith||1895–1911||Gold Coast|
|Philip Crampton Smyly||1911–1928||Gold Coast|
|Sir George Campbell Deane||1929–1935||Gold Coast|
|Sir Philip Bertie Petrides||1936–1943||Gold Coast|
|Sir Walter Harrangin||1943–1947||Gold Coast|
|Sir Mark Wilson||1948–1956||Gold Coast|
|Sir Kobina Arku Korsah||1956–1963||Gold Coast (1956 – 6 Mar 1957)|
Ghana – 1st Republic (6 Mar 1957 – 1963)
|J. Sarkodee-Addo||1964–1966||1st Republic|
|Edward Akufo-Addo||1966–1970||military rule (1966–1969)|
2nd Republic (1969–1970)
|Edmund Alexander Lanquaye Bannerman||1970 -1972||2nd Republic|
|Samuel Azu Crabbe||1973–1977||military rule|
|Fred Kwasi Apaloo||1977–1986||military rule (1977–1979)|
3rd Republic (24 Sep 1979-31 Dec 1981)
 military rule (31 Dec 1981–1986)
|E. N. P. Sowah||1986–1990||military rule|
|Nicholas Yaw Boafo Adade (acting)||1990–1991||military rule|
|Philip Edward Archer||1991–1995||military rule (1991–1993)|
4th Republic (1993–1995)
|Isaac Kobina Abban||1995 – 21 April 2001||4th Republic|
|Edward Kwame Wiredu||2001–2003||4th Republic|
|George Kingsley Acquah||4 July 2003 – 25 March 2007||4th Republic|
|Georgina Theodora Wood|| 15 June 2007 – 8 June 2017||4th Republic|
|Sophia Akuffo||19 June 2017 – 20 December 2019||4th Republic|
|Kwasi Anin-Yeboah||7 January 2020 – 24 May 2023||4th Republic|
|Gertrude Torkornoo||6 June 2023 –||4th Republic|
On 30 June 1982, during the curfew hours, three eminent High Court Judges and a retired Army Officer, namely: Mr. Justice Frederick Poku Sarkodee, Mrs. Justice Cecilia Afran Koranteng-Addow, Mr. Justice Kwadwo Agyei Agyepong and Major (Rtd) Sam Acquah were abducted from their homes and brutally murdered at the Bundase Military Range in the Accra Plains. The unfortunate victims' bodies were then doused in gasoline and set ablaze. The bodies were saved from total destruction by divine intervention in the form of a light rain that put out the fire.
These distinguished judges paid the ultimate price for their unwavering commitment to the Rule of Law and the fair administration of justice.
The Ghanaian judicial system honors them each year on Martyrs Day, the day commemorating their passing. This memorial is meant to serve as a source of inspiration for us as a nation as we rededicate ourselves individually and collectively to the beloved goals and principles on whose altar they made the ultimate sacrifice: Lest We Forget.
Former President John Dramani Mahama in September 20223 criticized the Registrar of the Supreme Court for not setting a date to hear an application seeking an interlocutory injunction. This application aims to halt the Electoral Commission's limited voter registration until a final decision is made on a lawsuit challenging the choice of venues for the exercise.
The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice and not less than nine other Justices of the Supreme Court.