Surry County
County of Surry
Surry County Courthouse 201 E Kapp St
Surry County Courthouse 201 E Kapp St
Flag of Surry County
Official seal of Surry County
Map of North Carolina highlighting Surry County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°30′29″N 80°50′00″W / 36.5081°N 80.8333°W / 36.5081; -80.8333
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1771
Named forSurrey, England
SeatDobson
Largest cityMount Airy
Area
 • Total536 sq mi (1,390 km2)
 • Land532 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Water4.1 sq mi (11 km2)  0.8%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
71,152
 • Density133.7/sq mi (51.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.co.surry.nc.us

Surry County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 71,359.[1] Its county seat is Dobson,[2] and its largest city is Mount Airy.

Surry county comprises the Mount Airy, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area.

History

The county was formed in 1771 from Rowan County as part of the British Province of North Carolina. It was named for the county of Surrey in England, birthplace of William Tryon, Governor of North Carolina from 1765 to 1771.

In 1777 parts of Surry County and Washington District (now Washington County, Tennessee) were combined to form Wilkes County. The first permanent courthouse was established at Richmond in 1779, what is now the modern-day Old Richmond Township in Forsyth County near Donnaha. However, in 1789 the eastern half of Surry County became Stokes County, thus making the Richmond site unusable for either county. In 1790, the county seat was moved to Rockford where it remained for over half a century. In 1850 the half of the county's remaining territory south of the Yadkin River became Yadkin County. The town of Dobson was established in 1853 to be the new county seat.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 536 square miles (1,390 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[3]

The whole county is generally considered part of the Piedmont Triad metropolitan area. Surry County is located in the Yadkin Valley AVA, an American Viticultural Area. Wines made from grapes grown in Surry County may carry the appellation Yadkin Valley on their label.

Mountains

Surry County is located both within the Piedmont region of central North Carolina and in the Appalachian Mountains region of western North Carolina. Most of the eastern two-thirds of the county lies within the Piedmont, a region of gently rolling hills and valleys. However, the Piedmont of Surry County also contains a small portion of the Sauratown Mountains; Surry County marks the western end of the Sauratown Mountain range. The western third of the county lies within the Blue Ridge Mountains, and they dominate the county's western horizon. The mountain passes (called "gaps" locally) are notorious for their occasional high winds, which can force automobiles and even large Eighteen wheeler trucks off the highways which lead through the passes. As a result, high wind advisories issued by the National Weather Service are not uncommon. The highest point in Surry County is Fisher Peak in the Blue Ridge; it rises to 3,570 feet (1,088 m) above sea level. However, the best-known peak in Surry County is not the highest. That honor goes to Pilot Mountain, an isolated monadnock and a North Carolina landmark. Pilot Mountain sharply rises some 2,421 feet (738 m) above the surrounding countryside, and can be seen for miles.

Another notable peak in Surry County is Cumberland Knob, in the northwestern corner of the county, which was the starting point of the construction of the Blue Ridge Parkway. The following table provides a list of some of the more prominent mountains of the county.

Pilot Mountain
Pilot Mountain
Summit Location Elevation
Buck Mountain 36°30′29″N 80°50′00″W / 36.50806°N 80.83333°W / 36.50806; -80.83333 1,768 ft (539 m).
Cumberland Knob 36°33′00″N 80°54′31″W / 36.55000°N 80.90861°W / 36.55000; -80.90861 2,858 ft (871 m).
Fisher Peak 36°33′34″N 80°49′23″W / 36.55944°N 80.82306°W / 36.55944; -80.82306 3,570 ft (1,090 m).
Fulcher Mountain 36°30′07″N 80°50′20″W / 36.50194°N 80.83889°W / 36.50194; -80.83889 1,831 ft (558 m).
Fulcher Mountain 36°29′58″N 80°50′18″W / 36.49944°N 80.83833°W / 36.49944; -80.83833 1,762 ft (537 m).
Lens Knob 36°27′46″N 80°55′31″W / 36.46278°N 80.92528°W / 36.46278; -80.92528 2,175 ft (663 m).
Long Branch Mountain 36°33′11″N 80°30′43″W / 36.55306°N 80.51194°W / 36.55306; -80.51194 1,631 ft (497 m).
Pilot Mountain 36°20′24″N 80°28′27″W / 36.34000°N 80.47417°W / 36.34000; -80.47417 2,421 ft (738 m).
Racoon Mountain 36°28′45″N 80°52′30″W / 36.47917°N 80.87500°W / 36.47917; -80.87500 2,152 ft (656 m).
Raven Knob 36°28′11″N 80°50′41″W / 36.46972°N 80.84472°W / 36.46972; -80.84472 1,896 ft (578 m).
Round Peak 36°31′23″N 80°48′49″W / 36.52306°N 80.81361°W / 36.52306; -80.81361 2,077 ft (633 m).
Saddle Mountain 36°30′03″N 80°55′37″W / 36.50083°N 80.92694°W / 36.50083; -80.92694 3,294 ft (1,004 m).
Skull Camp Mountain 36°28′31″N 80°48′59″W / 36.47528°N 80.81639°W / 36.47528; -80.81639 2,044 ft (623 m).
Slate Mountain 36°32′34″N 80°30′54″W / 36.54278°N 80.51500°W / 36.54278; -80.51500 1,988 ft (606 m).
Slate Mountain 36°32′24″N 80°31′20″W / 36.54000°N 80.52222°W / 36.54000; -80.52222 1,952 ft (595 m).
Stott Knob 36°24′19″N 80°39′28″W / 36.40528°N 80.65778°W / 36.40528; -80.65778 1,552 ft (473 m).
Turner Mountain 36°25′25″N 80°39′36″W / 36.42361°N 80.66000°W / 36.42361; -80.66000 1,601 ft (488 m).
Warrior Mountain 36°28′15″N 80°52′29″W / 36.47083°N 80.87472°W / 36.47083; -80.87472 1,958 ft (597 m).

Major water-bodies

While there are many creeks and streams in Surry County, there are three recognized major rivers in the county, the Ararat, the Fisher, and the Mitchell. All three flow southward and are tributaries of the Yadkin River, which forms the southern border of Surry County. The Yadkin River is the northern component of the Pee Dee River which flows to the Atlantic Ocean near Georgetown, South Carolina.

National protected area

State and local protected areas/sites

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Other major infrastructure

Commercial flights are available through Piedmont Triad International Airport in Greensboro and Charlotte/Douglas International Airport in Charlotte.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17907,192
18009,50532.2%
181010,3669.1%
182012,32018.9%
183014,50417.7%
184015,0794.0%
185018,44322.3%
186010,380−43.7%
187011,2528.4%
188015,30236.0%
189019,28126.0%
190025,51532.3%
191029,70516.4%
192032,4649.3%
193039,74922.4%
194041,7835.1%
195045,5939.1%
196048,2055.7%
197051,4156.7%
198059,44915.6%
199061,7043.8%
200071,21915.4%
201073,6733.4%
202071,359−3.1%
2021 (est.)71,152[4]−0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[9]
2020[10]

2020 census

Surry County racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 57,771 80.96%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,413 3.38%
Native American 130 0.18%
Asian 370 0.52%
Pacific Islander 11 0.02%
Other/Mixed 2,168 3.04%
Hispanic or Latino 8,496 11.91%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 71,359 people, 28,408 households, and 19,539 families residing in the county.

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 71,219 people, 28,408 households, and 20,482 families residing in the county. The population density was 133 people per square mile (51/km2). There were 31,033 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.40% White, 4.16% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.45% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 6.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 28,408 households, out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.40% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,046, and the median income for a family was $38,902. Males had a median income of $27,854 versus $20,556 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,722. About 9.10% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 17.40% of those age 65 or over.


Communities

Map of Surry County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Surry County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Townships

Unincorporated communities

With 538 sq mi (1,390 km2) of total land area and only four incorporated municipalities, much of Surry County remains rural. Like much of rural North Carolina, Surry County is dotted with many unincorporated communities, some with rather colorful names. Like many rural communities, these places are centered on churches, schools, post offices, and other common gathering places that developed to serve the needs of a mostly agricultural society.

The United States Geographic Names Information System includes 68 populated places in Surry County. Four of these are the county's incorporated municipalities and seven are historical place names. Of the remaining 57, three have since been annexed by an existing city or town. Elkin Valley and North Elkin have long been part of the town of Elkin and the city of Mount Airy will complete in summer 2007 its annexation of the remaining portions of Hollyview Forest-Highland Park that remain outside of the city.[13] Additionally, the communities of Jenkinstown and Blevins Store frequently show up on county maps, although they are not officially classified as populated places by the GNIS.

Politics, law and government

Surry is at present a predominantly Republican county. The last Democratic Presidential nominee to carry Surry County has been Jimmy Carter in 1976, and no Democrat since 1996 has reached forty percent of the county's vote. Hillary Clinton received only twenty-three percent in 2016, a proportion smaller than Hubert Humphrey obtained in the three-way 1968 race.

In the early 20th century, Surry swung from Democratic-leaning during the Third Party System, to Republican enough to be alongside Yadkin and Stokes County as the only North Carolina counties to vote with William Howard Taft during his disastrous 1912 campaign,[14] back to Democratic enough to support Adlai Stevenson II in 1952.

United States presidential election results for Surry County, North Carolina[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 27,538 75.16% 8,721 23.80% 379 1.03%
2016 23,671 73.52% 7,488 23.26% 1,037 3.22%
2012 19,923 67.60% 9,112 30.92% 435 1.48%
2008 18,730 63.44% 10,475 35.48% 320 1.08%
2004 17,587 67.66% 8,304 31.95% 101 0.39%
2000 15,401 65.93% 7,757 33.21% 200 0.86%
1996 11,117 55.53% 7,303 36.48% 1,601 8.00%
1992 10,866 46.33% 9,392 40.05% 3,195 13.62%
1988 11,393 61.06% 7,245 38.83% 22 0.12%
1984 13,340 64.88% 7,188 34.96% 34 0.17%
1980 10,065 51.86% 8,987 46.31% 356 1.83%
1976 7,403 42.33% 10,024 57.31% 63 0.36%
1972 10,497 67.78% 4,706 30.39% 284 1.83%
1968 9,638 51.19% 5,088 27.02% 4,103 21.79%
1964 7,970 44.83% 9,810 55.17% 0 0.00%
1960 10,035 55.08% 8,185 44.92% 0 0.00%
1956 9,001 56.18% 7,020 43.82% 0 0.00%
1952 7,591 48.05% 8,206 51.95% 0 0.00%
1948 4,643 37.89% 6,956 56.77% 654 5.34%
1944 5,116 39.98% 7,679 60.02% 0 0.00%
1940 4,178 32.02% 8,871 67.98% 0 0.00%
1936 4,766 35.05% 8,833 64.95% 0 0.00%
1932 4,511 37.37% 7,490 62.05% 69 0.57%
1928 7,015 65.79% 3,647 34.21% 0 0.00%
1924 4,990 52.67% 4,418 46.63% 66 0.70%
1920 5,170 59.31% 3,547 40.69% 0 0.00%
1916 2,977 59.33% 2,029 40.43% 12 0.24%
1912 2,277 47.39% 1,919 39.94% 609 12.67%


Surry County is a member of the Piedmont Triad Regional Council. The five-member Board of County Commissioners are elected from single-member districts for four-year staggered terms, with elections in even-numbered years. The board elects a chair and vice-chair, who serve twelve-month terms.

Education

Surry County is divided into three local school systems: Surry County Schools, Mount Airy City Schools, and Elkin City Schools.

Surry County Schools

High schools

Middle schools

Elementary schools

Mount Airy City Schools

Elkin City Schools

The Elkin City Schools system has 3 schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade: Elkin Elementary School, Elkin Middle School and Elkin High School.[16]

Colleges and universities

Surry Community College, part of the North Carolina Community College System, is the county's only institution for post-secondary education.

Media

Print

Surry County is home to three local newspapers, The Mount Airy News of Mount Airy, The Pilot in Pilot Mountain and The Tribune of Elkin. Additionally, the larger daily Winston-Salem Journal covers news and events in the county. One local newspaper, The Messenger in Mount Airy, ceased operation in approximately 2011.

Broadcast

WIFM in Elkin is a full-time FM radio station. The county has three AM stations, WYZD in Dobson, as well as WSYD and WPAQ in Mount Airy, both of which operate also on 24-hour FM repeaters that cover most of the county. There are no broadcast television stations in Surry County.

Surry County is part of the Piedmont Triad radio and television market but many broadcasts from the Charlotte market also can be received in Surry County.

Tourism

Surry County is apparently home to the fictitious community of Mayberry from "The Andy Griffith Show", which aired from 1960 through 1967. Andy Griffith reportedly used many things from his hometown in his tv town. Now guests can experience what it was like living in Mayberry by visiting the Andy Griffith Museum, stopping by Andy's homeplace, getting a trim at Floyd's barbershop, taking a ride in a replica Mayberry Squad Car, or even grabbing a bite to eat at Snappy Lunch. Every year in September the city holds the "Mayberry Days" celebration, where fans can come and enjoy the town together.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Surry County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Surry County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Surry County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Mount Airy hiring officers to patrol communities that will be annexed, published, 15 March 2007, Winston-Salem Journal (accessed 6 June 2007)
  14. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 265-271 ISBN 0786422173
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  16. ^ "Schools". Elkin City Schools. Archived from the original on August 18, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  17. ^ "Mayberry « Visit Mayberry". www.visitmayberry.com. Retrieved March 17, 2018.