Sveio kommune
View of the Ryvarden coastline in Sveio
View of the Ryvarden coastline in Sveio
Official logo of Sveio kommune
Sveio within Vestland
Sveio within Vestland
Coordinates: 59°34′25″N 05°21′48″E / 59.57361°N 5.36333°E / 59.57361; 5.36333Coordinates: 59°34′25″N 05°21′48″E / 59.57361°N 5.36333°E / 59.57361; 5.36333
CountryNorway
CountyVestland
DistrictHaugalandet
Established1865
 • Preceded byParts of Fjelberg and Finnås
Administrative centreSveio
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Jorunn Skåden (Ap)
Area
 • Total246.15 km2 (95.04 sq mi)
 • Land224.27 km2 (86.59 sq mi)
 • Water21.88 km2 (8.45 sq mi)  8.9%
 • Rank#290 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,766
 • Rank#165 in Norway
 • Density25.7/km2 (67/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +15.3%
Demonym(s)Sveibu[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNynorsk
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-4612
WebsiteOfficial website

Sveio is a municipality in Vestland county, Norway. Sveio is a border district that is sometimes considered to be located in the traditional district of Haugalandet since it is located on the Haugalandet peninsula, but it is also considered to be in the traditional district of Sunnhordland since it is located in southern Hordaland county.[3][4] The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Sveio. Other villages in the municipality include Auklandshamn, Førde, Våga, and Valevåg.

The 246-square-kilometre (95 sq mi) municipality is the 290th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Sveio is the 165th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 5,766. The municipality's population density is 25.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (67/sq mi) and its population has increased by 15.3% over the previous 10-year period.[5][6]

Sveio is the site of the Ryvarden Lighthouse which marks the western entrance to the Hardangerfjorden. The lighthouse is automated and the old keepers house and building have now been converted into art galleries, the Flókemuseum, and a cafe.[7] The composer Fartein Valen lived much of his life in Valevåg in northern Sveio. Valenheimen, the house he lived in is open to the public and the Fartein Valen Festival is held annually in Sveio.

The Triangle Link bridge-tunnel network is based in northern Sveio, connecting the islands to the north to the mainland. The southern entrance to the Bømlafjord Tunnel is located along the European route E39 highway, just south of the village of Valevåg.

General information

View of the Vikebygd area
View of the Vikebygd area
View of the Ryvarden Lighthouse
View of the Ryvarden Lighthouse
View of Valen Chapel
View of Valen Chapel

The municipality of Sveio was established in 1865 when the part of Finnås municipality located south of the Bømlafjorden (population: 2,227) and the Vikebygd part of the municipality of Fjelberg (population: 1,062) were joined together as the new municipality of Sveen (later the spelling was changed to Sveio). On 1 January 1902, the Vikebygd area (population: 1,092) was separated from Sveio to form its own municipality.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, Sveio (population: 1,697) was merged with the neighboring municipality of Valestrand (population: 1,216), the western half of the municipality of Vikebygd (population: 471), and a small part of the municipality of Skjold (population: 24). The part of Skjold was transferred from Rogaland county to Hordaland county on the same date.[8]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Sveio farm (Old Norse: Sviða), since the first Sveio Church was built there in the Middle Ages. The name is identical with the word sviða which means a "clearing made by burning". Before 1912, the name was written Sveen.[9]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 19 February 1982. The arms show a white or silver fleur-de-lis on a red background. The arms are derived from the historic arms of Jon Gauteson from Sveio, who lived around the year 1500. His family became Norwegian nobility in 1591, and he was the first in his family to use this symbol as part of his arms.[10]

Churches

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Sveio. It is part of the Sunnhordland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Sveio
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Sveio Sveio Church Sveio 1858
Valestrand og Førde Førde Church Førde 1938
Valestrand Church Valestrand 1873
Valen Chapel Valevåg 1707

Geography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19511,954—    
19601,782−8.8%
19703,477+95.1%
19804,216+21.3%
19904,582+8.7%
20004,623+0.9%
20104,999+8.1%
20205,766+15.3%
Source: Statistics Norway.

The municipality is located on the mainland of Norway on the western coast of the county on the Haugalandet peninsula, facing the North Sea to the west. The entrance to the Hardangerfjorden lies along the northern side of the municipality, and the smaller Ålfjorden lies along the eastern border of the municipality. Sveio's southern border is also the county border, bordering the town of Haugesund and the municipality of Tysvær to the south, the municipality of Vindafjord to the east (across the Ålfjorden), and the island municipalities of Bømlo and Stord to the north (across the Hardangerfjorden). The lakes Vigdarvatnet and Stakkastadvatnet lie in the southern part of the municipality, crossing into the neighboring municipalities. The Ryvarden Lighthouse is located on a small point, along the Hardangerfjorden.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Sveio, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[11] The municipality falls under the Sunnhordland District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Sveio is made up of 25 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Sveio Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Joint list of the Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)
and the Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)
1
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list for Sveio (Bygdeliste for Sveio)1
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local list for Sveio (Bygdeliste for Sveio)2
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local list for Sveio (Bygdeliste for Sveio)3
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local list for Sveio (Bygdelista for Sveio)4
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list - South (Bygdelista - Sør)3
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local list - South (Bygdelista - Sør)3
 Local list Eikeland (Bygdelista Eikeland)3
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list for the Rua, Lid, Sveio, Vandaskog, and Vikse areas (Bygdelista for krinsane Rua, Lid, Sveio, Vandaskog og Vikse)2
 Local list Eikeland (Bygdelista Eikeland)2
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list (Bygdelista)3
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet) and
the Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)
12
 Local list for Bua, Eikeland, Lid, Oa, Rød, Sveio, Vandaskog, and Vikse (Bygdelista for Bua, Eikeland, Lid, Oa, Rød, Sveio, Vandaskog og Vikse)6
 Local list for Einstabøvoll, Ørevik, and Førde
(Bygdelista for Einstabøvoll, Ørevik og Førde)
4
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)21
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)21
Total number of members:25
Sveio Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)20
Total number of members:25
Sveio Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:17
Sveio Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:17
Sveio Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidarar, fiskarar, småbrukarar liste)
1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:16
Sveio Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [27]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Sveio Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [28]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Sveio Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [29]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Mayor

The mayors of Sveio (incomplete list):


May Britt Vihovde, 2009
May Britt Vihovde, 2009

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Sunnhordland – område" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Sveio" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  7. ^ "Ryvarden Lighthouse". Samarbeidsrådet for Sunnhordland.
  8. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  9. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1910). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (11 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 106.
  10. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  11. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  12. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Vestland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  13. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Hordaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-10.