Swimming at the Summer Paralympics
Swimming pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Governing bodyIPC
Events147 (men: 82; women: 65)
Games

Swimming has been contested at every Summer Paralympics. At the first games, the 1960 Paralympics, 62 swimming events were held in distances of 25 and 50 metres, plus a 3×50 metre relay for men. Since then, swimming at the Paralympics has grown to 140 events covering distances from 50 to 400 metres, plus 4×50 and 4×100 metre relays. Along with track and field athletics, it is one of the largest sports at the Paralympics in terms of the number of events, competitors, and spectators.

As with most Paralympic sports, athletes are classified according to the type and extent of their disability.

The International Paralympic Committee recognizes the fastest times swum at the games as Paralympic records.

Summary

Games Year Events Best Nation
1 1960 69  Italy
2 1964 62  United States
3 1968 68  Great Britain
4 1972 56  Netherlands
5 1976 146  Netherlands
6 1980 193  Poland
7 1984 347  Netherlands
8 1988 259  United States
9 1992 199  United States
10 1996 168  Germany
11 2000 170  Canada
12 2004 167  China
13 2008 141  United States
14 2012 148  China
15 2016 153  China
16 2020 146  China

Medal table

Updated to 2020 Summer Paralympics. Countries in italics are former countries who participated in the Paralympic Games.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)284214224722
2 Great Britain (GBR)230257238725
3 Netherlands (NED)186133116435
4 Canada (CAN)166126125417
5 Australia (AUS)143172172487
6 China (CHN)139125105369
7 France (FRA)120107108335
8 Poland (POL)11711586318
9 Spain (ESP)111125118354
10 Sweden (SWE)11112584320
11 Ukraine (UKR)838080243
12 West Germany (FRG)766758201
13 Norway (NOR)725140163
14 Germany (GER)617361195
15 Israel (ISR)615850169
16 Italy (ITA)496558172
17 Japan (JPN)413041112
18 Denmark (DEN)373765139
19 South Africa (RSA)34252786
20 Russia (RUS)33263392
21 New Zealand (NZL)33211771
22 Brazil (BRA)313542108
23 Mexico (MEX)31172876
24 Hungary (HUN)25273385
25 Belarus (BLR)2512643
26 Iceland (ISL)24132461
27 Austria (AUT)19131749
28 RPC (RPC)17141849
29 Argentina (ARG)14262464
30 Czech Republic (CZE)1361635
31 Rhodesia (RHO)12131136
32 Ireland (IRL)1111931
33 Greece (GRE)10171441
34 Finland (FIN)7172448
35 Unified Team (EUN)73717
36 South Korea (KOR)72514
37 Belgium (BEL)6161537
38 Azerbaijan (AZE)57012
39 Jamaica (JAM)56314
40 Singapore (SIN)5117
41 Colombia (COL)49821
42 Yugoslavia (YUG)35917
43 Cyprus (CYP)3126
44 Romania (ROM)3104
45 Switzerland (SUI)29819
46 Estonia (EST)2529
47 Uzbekistan (UZB)24814
48 Slovakia (SVK)2215
49 Peru (PER)2136
50 Faroe Islands (FRO)17513
51 Egypt (EGY)13610
52 Thailand (THA)1348
53 Cuba (CUB)1225
54 Chile (CHI)1203
 Luxembourg (LUX)1203
56 Independent Paralympic Participants (IPP)1102
57 Hong Kong (HKG)1034
58 Kazakhstan (KAZ)1012
59 India (IND)1001
 Kenya (KEN)1001
61 Soviet Union (URS)011920
62 Portugal (POR)0369
63 Zimbabwe (ZIM)0235
64 Uruguay (URU)0145
65 Kuwait (KUW)0123
66 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0112
 Lithuania (LTU)0112
68 Bulgaria (BUL)0101
 Vietnam (VIE)0101
70 Croatia (CRO)0055
71 Slovenia (SLO)0022
72 Bahamas (BAH)0011
 Morocco (MAR)0011
 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)0011
 Turkey (TUR)0011
Totals (75 nations)2495236723027164

Multiple Paralympic swimming medalists

This table is updated to the 2016 Paralympics.

Australian swimmer Priya Cooper acknowledges the crowd after another winning performance in the S8 class at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games
Australian swimmer Priya Cooper acknowledges the crowd after another winning performance in the S8 class at the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games
Athlete Nation Years active Class(es) Gold Silver Bronze Total
Trischa Zorn  United States 1980 - 2004 B1, B2, B3 41 9 4 54
Daniel Dias  Brazil 2008 - 2016 S5 14 7 3 24
Jacqueline Freney  Australia 2008 - 2012 SM7, S7, S8, 34pts 8 0 3 11
Mayumi Narita  Japan 1996 - 2004 SM4, S4, SB3, 20pts 15 3 2 20
Michael Edgson  Canada 1984 - 1992 B3 18 0 0 18
Elizabeth Scott  United States 1992 - 2000 B3? 10 2 5 17
Béatrice Hess  France 1984 - 2004 S5 20 5 0 25
Erin Popovich  United States 2000 - 2008 S6, S7 14 5 0 19
Uri Bergman  Israel 1976 - 1988 ? 11 0 1 12
Claudia Hengst  West Germany 1988 - 2004 L6, SM10 13 4 8 25
Siobhan Paton  Australia 2000 S14 6 0 0 6
Mike Kenny  Great Britain 1976 - 1988 1A, 1C 16 2 0 18
Matthew Cowdrey  Australia 2004 - 2012 S9 13 7 3 23
Stephanie Dixon  Canada 2000 - 2008 S9 7 8 2 17
Priya Cooper  Australia 1992 - 2000 S8 9 3 4 16
Natalie du Toit  South Africa 2004 - 2012 S9 13 2 0 15
Erling Trondsen  Norway 1976 - 1992 ? 13 ? ? 20
David Roberts  Great Britain 2000 - 2008 S7 11 4 1 16
Christopher Holmes  Great Britain 1988 - 2000 S12? 9 5 1 15
Sophie Pascoe  New Zealand 2008 - S10, SB9, SM10, S9, SM9 11 7 1 19

Nations

Nation 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
 Argentina (ARG) 5 8 10 7 8 5 2 2 8 8 10 12 8 11 14
 Armenia (ARM) 1 1 2
 Aruba (ARU) 1 1
 Australia (AUS) 1 8 14 7 8 11 29 25 27 30 53 30 35 34 36 15
 Austria (AUT) 8 4 17 9 10 9 4 3 1 3 2 2 3 2 14
 Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 2 2
 Bahamas (BAH) 2 4 2
 Barbados (BAR) 1 1
 Belarus (BLR) 2 2 7 6 6 6 6
 Belgium (BEL) 4 2 11 12 3 2 4 4 4 3 2 4 4 13
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) 1 1
 Brazil (BRA) 1 1 1 5 9 13 11 63 21 24 20 34 12
 Bulgaria (BUL) 1 1
 Canada (CAN) 15 14 26 31 53 27 23 13 25 19 21 24 26 13
 Chile (CHI) 1 1 1 1 1 2 6
 China (CHN) 15 10 7 11 27 51 40 51 61 9
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) 2 3 1 1 1 2 6
 Colombia (COL) 2 4 2 3 6 9 6
 Costa Rica (CRC) 1 1
 Croatia (CRO) 3 2 2 3 4 4 2 7
 Cuba (CUB) 4 2 1 1 1 2 3 7
 Cyprus (CYP) 1 2 1 2 3 2 1 1 8
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 3 2 2
 Czech Republic (CZE) 2 13 16 7 7 6 6
 Denmark (DEN) 3 5 5 15 15 14 14 14 14 8 4 5 4 13
 Ecuador (ECU) 3 1 1 3
 Egypt (EGY) 7 8 3 9 3 5 1 2 8
 Estonia (EST) 3 4 4 3 2 2 3 7
 Faroe Islands (FRO) 3 4 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 9
 Fiji (FIJ) 7 1 1 3
 Finland (FIN) 1 10 14 8 7 7 4 4 5 4 1 2 3 13
 France (FRA) 1 1 13 19 20 28 29 25 19 16 15 11 12 10 6 15
 Georgia (GEO) 1 1 2
 Germany (GER) 7 4 34 28 26 18 21 21 30 9
 Great Britain (GBR) 14 13 29 23 15 22 70 42 45 53 48 34 35 49 30 15
 Greece (GRE) 2 2 1 5 10 12 13 11 16 9
 Guatemala (GUA) 5 2 2
 Honduras (HON) 1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG) 3 2 3 2 3 4 5 2 8
 Hungary (HUN) 9 8 8 10 12 8 11 9 10 9
 Iceland (ISL) 5 7 10 9 8 4 1 2 2 3 10
 India (IND) 3 3 2 1 1 5
 Indonesia (INA) 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 4 8
 Individual Paralympic Athletes (IPA) 1 1
 Iran (IRI) 1 1 2
 Iraq (IRQ) 1 1 2
 Ireland (IRL) 1 3 4 4 1 5 5 4 3 3 3 6 5 4 14
 Israel (ISR) 2 5 19 15 24 8 13 12 11 7 8 8 7 5 7 15
 Italy (ITA) 16 14 12 4 5 2 11 20 10 7 2 7 10 11 21 15
 Jamaica (JAM) 3 8 4 1 1 5
 Japan (JPN) 6 3 1 8 6 7 37 10 7 17 24 18 20 19 14
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 1 2 4 4
 Kenya (KEN) 1 2 1 3
 Kuwait (KUW) 3 2 1 3
 Latvia (LAT) 1 1 2
 Lithuania (LTU) 1 1 2 1 1 5
 Luxembourg (LUX) 1 2 1 1 4
 Macau (MAC) 1 1 1 1 4
 Madagascar (MAD) 1 1
 Malaysia (MAS) 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 1 8
 Malta (MLT) 1 1 2
 Mauritius (MRI) 1 1 2
 Mexico (MEX) 1 19 15 8 1 3 4 12 11 11 16 20 12
 Moldova (MDA) 1 1
 Montenegro (MNE) 1 1 2
 Morocco (MAR) 3 3 1 3
 Myanmar (MYA) 2 1 1 3
 Namibia (NAM) 1 1
 Nepal (NEP) 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 2 4 12 15 24 38 27 18 12 19 15 7 7 13 19 15
 New Zealand (NZL) 6 5 3 6 1 3 3 7 5 5 3 6 8 13
 Norway (NOR) 10 10 11 10 14 23 1 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 14
 Pakistan (PAK) 1 1
 Panama (PAN) 1 1 2
 Peru (PER) 1 1 2 2 2 2 6
 Philippines (PHI) 1 1 1 3
 Poland (POL) 14 18 29 14 17 9 8 23 24 12 9 8 12
 Portugal (POR) 6 6 5 8 4 5 6
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 2 1
 Rhodesia (RHO) 1 3 11 12 4
 Romania (ROU) 2 3 2
 Russia (RUS) 10 20 15 34 36 5
 Rwanda (RWA) 1 1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 2 1 1
 Seychelles (SEY) 1 1
 Singapore (SGP) 2 1 2 2 2 5
 Slovakia (SVK) 5 6 4 3 2 1 6
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
 Soviet Union (URS) 8 1
 South Africa (RSA) 3 3 9 10 2 12 9 10 10 6 10
 South Korea (KOR) 16 3 2 3 4 5 9 8 8
 Spain (ESP) 4 14 6 10 20 19 52 41 55 47 39 32 12
 Sri Lanka (SRI) 1 1 2
 Sudan (SUD) 2 1
 Sweden (SWE) 5 10 25 31 23 24 18 17 8 3 4 5 6 13
 Switzerland (SUI) 2 9 6 9 9 3 5 3 3 2 5 1 1 1 14
 Syria (SYR) 1 1
 Thailand (THA) 2 2 1 1 10 12 8 7 4 9
 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO) 4 4 1 3
 Turkey (TUR) 1 1 2 2 3 5
 Uganda (UGA) 1 1
 Ukraine (UKR) 7 11 21 31 44 45 6
 Unified Team (EUN) 11 1
 United States (USA) 6 25 33 20 32 45 63 73 66 42 29 45 38 34 33 15
 Uruguay (URU) 1 1 1 3
 Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 1 7 3
 Venezuela (VEN) 1 2 1 3 3 4 2 7
 Vietnam (VIE) 1 1 3 4 4
 West Germany (FRG) 20 19 18 44 35 14 6
 Yemen (YEM) 1 1
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 5 7 2 1 1 6
 Zimbabwe (ZIM) 3 1 2
Nations 15 13 24 33 34 36 43 44 56 50 62 61 62 66 79
Competitors 77 98 264 279 362 441 541 502 487 457 575 560 547 600 593
Year 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See also

References