Licuri palm[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Syagrus
Species:
S. coronata
Binomial name
Syagrus coronata
Synonyms[3]

Syagrus coronata, commonly known as the ouricury palm,[4] aricuri palm, or licuri palm, is a species of palm tree that plays an important role in the diets of tropical seasonally dry forest animals. It is native to eastern Brazil, ranging from the southern part of the state of Pernambuco, into the state of Bahia, south to the Jequitinhonha River in the state of Minas Gerais.[3][5][6] It can live for 30-150 years, however most only live for 8-10 years on average.

Description

Syagrus coronata reaches 3 to 12 m (9.8 to 39.4 ft) tall with a crown of semi-plumose leaves.[7][8] The blooms are bright yellow, and the plants bear fruit for most of the year.[6]

Ecological importance

Licuri palm nuts
Licuri palm nuts

Licuri palm nuts are the main food source of Lear's macaw, making up around 95% of their diet.[9] These nuts can grow to be one inch (2.5 cm) in width.

Threats

The destruction of small seedlings by cattle poses a threat to the plants, primarily through the destruction of concentrated groves.[6] Those groves are vital to Lear's macaw.[6]

Uses

Syagrus coronata is the source of ouricury wax.

References

  1. ^ "Plants Profile for Syagrus coronata (Ouricury palm)".
  2. ^ Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI).; IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). "Syagrus coronata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T148757800A148757802. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T148757800A148757802.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew".
  4. ^ "Syagrus coronata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Syagrus coronata (Licury Palm)".
  6. ^ a b c d Pittman, Tony (2000). "The Lear's Macaw". Parrots - Parrot Conservation - Breeding. The Parrot Society UK.
  7. ^ "Syagrus coronata". Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  8. ^ Andrew Henderson; Gloria Galeano; Rodrigo Bernal (7 July 1997). Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. Princeton University Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-691-01600-9. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Lears Macaw". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28.