Syd Hoff
BornSydney Hoffberg
(1912-09-04)September 4, 1912
Bronx, New York City, United States
DiedMay 12, 2004(2004-05-12) (aged 91)
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)Cartoonist, author
Notable works
Danny and the Dinosaur
Tuffy
Laugh It Off
The Ruling Clawss, as A. Redfield
http://www.SydHoff.org

Syd Hoff (September 4, 1912 – May 12, 2004) was an American cartoonist and children's book author, best known for his classic early reader Danny and the Dinosaur. His cartoons appeared in a multitude of genres, including advertising commissions for such companies as Eveready Batteries, Jell-O, OK Used Cars, S.O.S Pads, Rambler, Ralston Cereal, and more.[1]

Biography

Hoff was born in Bronx, New York. While he was still at high school, Milt Gross, a popular 1930s cartoonist, told him at an assembly, "Kid, someday you'll be a great cartoonist!"[2] At 16, he enrolled at the National Academy of Design in New York City. At 18, he sold his first cartoon to The New Yorker, and eventually sold a total of 571 of them to the publication from 1931 to 1975. Hoff became known for his cartoons in The New Yorker depicting tenements and lower-middle class life in the city.[3][4]

His cartoons have appeared in a variety of publications including the New Yorker, Esquire, and Look magazine. He was also the host of a television show Tales of Hoff, in which he drew and told stories.[3]

Hoff wrote and illustrated over 60 volumes in the HarperCollins "I Can Read" series for beginning readers, most notably Sammy the Seal and the popular Danny and the Dinosaur (1958), which sold 10 million copies and has been translated into a dozen languages.

In 1976, Hoff edited and published Editorial and Political Cartooning: From Earlier Times to the Present, which contains over 700 examples of works from the world's editorial and political cartoons.[3][4]

Syndicated comic strips

Hoff drew two long-running syndicated comic strips: Tuffy (1939–1949) and Laugh It Off (1958–1978). One of his recurring characters is a walrus-mustached man who eventually appeared as the father in his daily Tuffy, done for the King Features Syndicate from 1939 to 1950.[3]

Tuffy was originally commissioned by William Randolph Hearst in 1938, and was declared "essential for national morale" during the American involvement in World War II. This classification kept Hoff out of active military duty during World War II, although he joined the Office of War Information and drew propaganda cartoons which were dropped behind enemy lines.[5]

Political cartoons as A. Redfield

Starting in 1933, Hoff began to contribute cartoons to leftist newspapers and magazines, including The Daily Worker and New Masses as A. Redfield, the pseudonym that he adopted for his radical work.[6][7] Hoff's first published book The Ruling Clawss (Daily Worker, 1935) collects over 150 Hoff cartoons originally published in the Communist daily, and his first book for children Mr. His: A Children's Story for Anybody was published as a pamphlet by (and also within the pages of) New Masses magazine.[8]

Hoff's output under the A. Redfield pseudonym began to taper off by 1940, though he remained politically active. He was questioned by the FBI in 1952 about his A. Redfield work and Communist Party association,[5] after being photographed with Marxist civil liberties advocate Corliss Lamont at a protest against the atomic bomb the previous year. Hoff was never formally charged, nor blacklisted. Nevertheless, he remained concerned for the remainder of his life about being identified as a "Red" and the impact that this might have on the reception of his children's books.[9]

Bibliography

Children's books

Books for adults

Film

Hoff's 1962 book Stanley was adapted into a short stop-motion animation film called Stanley and the Dinosaurs in 1989. The film was produced by Churchill Films and directed by John Clark Matthews.

References

  1. ^ Syd Hoff official website.
  2. ^ Syd Hoff:Autobiography Official Syd Hoff Website, retrieved May 10, 2021
  3. ^ a b c d Syd Hoff Cartoons Syracuse University, Nov 6, 2009, Retrieved November 30, 2010
  4. ^ a b HarperCollins–Authors & Illustrators HarperCollins Publishers, 2010, Retrieved November 30, 2010
  5. ^ a b Biographical Timeline www.sacreddoodles.com, the official Syd Hoff website, retrieved 1/5/2013
  6. ^ The Ruling Clawss: Syd Hoff's Cartoons in The New Yorker and The Daily Worker Robert Mankoff, The New Yorker, September 19, 2012
  7. ^ Syd Hoff's Teeth: The Leftist Satire of A. Redfield Nine Kinds of Pie: Philip Nel's Blog, 2011, Retrieved 1/5/2013
  8. ^ Syd Hoff and A. Redfield...Two Sides of the Same Coin A. Redfield section on www.sacreddoodles.com, the official Syd Hoff website. Retrieved 1/5/2013
  9. ^ Syd Hoff, A. Redfield, and Me: Part II Nine Kinds of Pie: Philip Nel's Blog, October 30, 2011, retrieved 1/5/2013