Exhibition building, Prince Alfred Park, c. 1870s (5593315821).jpg
The Sydney Intercolonial Exhibition building opened at Alfred Park in 1870 and closed in 1954, a century after the first intercolonial exhibition had been held
Overview
BIE-classUnrecognized exposition
NameSydney Intercolonial Exhibition
Area6.1 hectares (15 acres)
Invention(s)Elevator
Visitors1,045,898
Location
CountryNew South Wales
VenuePrince Alfred Park
Coordinates33°53′17″S 151°12′18″E / 33.888000°S 151.205120°E / -33.888000; 151.205120
Timeline
Opening30 August 1870 (1870-08-30)
Closure30 September 1870 (1870-09-30)
Universal expositions
PreviousIntercolonial Exhibition of Australasia (1866) in Melbourne
NextIntercolonial Exhibition (1875) in Melbourne

The first Sydney Intercolonial Exhibition was a series of exhibitions inspired by the historic Great Exhibition held in London in 1851. The Colony of New South Wales mounted its first such exhibition in 1854 in preparation for the Paris Exhibition of 1855, another in 1861 in preparation for the London Exhibition of 1862,[1] and then several more until being held annually throughout the 1870s under the name Metropolitan Intercolonial Exhibition.[1]

The term "intercolonial" referred to the British colonies on the continent of Australia, which did not federate until 1901.

The major impetus for intercolonial exhibitions derived from the Agricultural Society of New South Wales, which from 1858 onwards sponsored annual shows at the Society's grounds at Parramatta, about 20 km (12 mi) west of Sydney's central business district. In 1869, the exhibitions underwent rapid expansion on relocation to the newly established Prince Alfred Park, Surry Hills, immediately south-east of the CBD. The Sydney Intercolonial Exhibition building opened in 1870 on the site.[2][3][4][5]

Further expanding the scope of its exhibitions, Sydney held the first international exhibition, the Sydney International Exhibition, in the Garden Palace in The Domain in 1879.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Cowley, Des (1995). "Over the border: Victoria at interstate exhibitions". The La Trobe Journal. The State Library Victoria. p. 13. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  2. ^ "History of Prince Alfred Park". City of Sydney. The Council of the City of Sydney. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  3. ^ "The Sydney Intercolonial Exhibition". The Argus (Melbourne). No. 7, 563. Victoria, Australia. 6 September 1870. p. 6. Retrieved 28 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ "The Sydney Intercolonial Exhibition". The Argus (Melbourne). No. 7, 580. Victoria, Australia. 26 September 1870. p. 7 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ Charles Pickering. "Intercolonial Exhibition, Prince Alfred Park, Sydney, 1870". State Library of New South Wales.