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Syed Modi
Syed Modi.jpg
Personal information
Nickname(s)Babua by family and friends
Birth nameSyed Mahdi Hassan Zaidi
Born(1962-12-31)31 December 1962
Gorakhpur district, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died28 July 1988(1988-07-28) (aged 25)
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Height5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Years active1976–1988
CoachDipu Ghosh[1]
EventMen's singles
Medal record
Men's badminton
Representing  India
Commonwealth Games
Gold medal – first place 1982 Brisbane Men's singles
Asian Games
Bronze medal – third place 1982 Delhi Men's singles
Bronze medal – third place 1982 Delhi Men's team
Bronze medal – third place 1986 Seoul Men's team
Asian Championships
Silver medal – second place 1983 Calcutta Men's team

Syed Modi (31 December 1962 – 28 July 1988), born as Syed Mehdi Hassan Zaidi, was an Indian badminton singles player. He was eight-time National Badminton champion (1980–1987). His most notable achievement at the international badminton circuit came in the form of men's singles title at the 1982 Commonwealth Games. He also won three other international titles, namely Austrian International (in 1983 & 1984) and USSR International (in 1985), both of which were European Badminton Circuit tournaments.

Modi's career was cut short in his prime when he was shot dead on 28 July 1988 in Lucknow as he came out of the K. D. Singh Babu Stadium after a practice session. The murder sent shockwaves through India, especially after the police filed murder charges against Modi's wife, Ameeta, and her lover (and future husband) Sanjay Sinh.

Early life and education

Syed Mahdi Hassan Zaidi was born in the town of Sardarnagar, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from Chauri Chaura in Uttar Pradesh. He grew up there, but his family hailed from Zaidi Sadat Kandipur (or Kadipur) near Jalalpur town in Ambedkar Nagar District, Uttar Pradesh. His father, Syed Meer Hassan Zaidi, worked in Sardarnagar sugar mill and his mother was a housewife. Syed Modi was the youngest of their eight children (six sons and two daughters). Modi's elder brothers were educated, but they worked and contributed significantly towards meeting family expenses and supporting Modi in his childhood, including for his badminton coaching, after it became clear that he had the potential to become a great player.[citation needed]

When Modi first began going to the local school, the person who entered his name in the school roster mistook his name "Mehdi" for the more common Indian surname "Modi" and wrote it down that way.[2] As a result, this became his name in all educational and government records and he did not take the trouble to rectify the matter in adulthood. In school, Modi achieved only average grades in his academics but became a notable sportsman. He was very popular in school for his open, affectionate nature and bright good looks. His elder brothers doted on him and financed his training as required. Far from considering him a burden, they pinned their hopes on him earning a good name and bringing honour, pride and happiness to his parents in their old age, after a lifetime of poverty and struggle.[citation needed]


Modi fulfilled their hopes and prayers during his short life. In 1976, aged only 14, Syed Modi became junior national Badminton champion.The same year, Modi started training under Mr. P.K. Bhandari (Pushp Kumar Bhandari – chief badminton coach, N.I.S, Patiala) which continued till 1982. Thereafter, he trained under Dipu Ghosh, National Coach of Indian team.[1][3]

In 1980, as soon as he was eligible (aged 18), Modi won the national badminton championship. In the same year, the department of sports (Government of India) recommended his name, and Modi was given a paying job as a Welfare Officer in the Indian Railways (NE). He was initially posted in Gorakhpur, nearest to his hometown and family. In 1982, his new coach wanted that he should train in Lucknow which had better facilities, so he was transferred there.

Syed Modi went on to win the national badminton championship every single year between 1980 and 1987 (eight times in a row). In 1981, he received the Arjuna Award from the Government of India. At the 1982 Asian Games, he won the bronze at the men's singles event. The same year (1982), he beat England's Nick Yates, 7–15, 15–5, 15–7 to take home the Men's singles Gold at the 1982 Commonwealth Games.[4] In 1983 and 1984, he won the Australian International. His game started going downhill only in 1987–88 when his marriage came under strain (his wife was having an affair) and Modi lost the national badminton championship for the first time ever in 1988. A few months later, he was murdered.


Commonwealth Games

Men's singles
Year Venue Opponent Score Result
1982 Chandler Sports Hall, Brisbane, Australia England Nick Yates 7–15, 15–6, 15–5

Asian Games

Men's singles
Year Venue Opponent Score Result
1982 Indraprastha Indoor Stadium,
New Delhi, India
China Han Jian 1–15, 2–15

IBF International

Men's singles
Year Tournament Opponent Score Result
1981 German International Malaysia Misbun Sidek 17–18, 10–15 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1983 Austrian International Pakistan Tariq Farooq 15–5, 15–2 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1984 Austrian International Soviet Union Vitaliy Shmakov 15–2, 15–6 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1985 USSR International Soviet Union Andrey Antropov 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
Men's doubles
Year Tournament Partner Opponent Score Result
1983 Austrian International India Pradeep Gandhe India Leroy D'Sa
India Partho Ganguli
8–15, 13–18 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runner-up

Invitational Tournaments

Men's doubles
Year Tournament Venue Partner Opponent Score Result
1978 Asian Invitational Championships Capital Indoor Stadium
Peking, China
India Prakash Padukone China Lin Shihchuan
China Tang Xianhu
3–15, 5–15

Personal life


In 1978, while he was a junior national champion, the 16-year-old Modi was selected for participating in an international tournament to be held in Beijing, China. A girl badminton player of his own age named Ameeta Kulkarni was in the women's team, and, as the Supreme Court would later record, "there arose intimacy between the two."[5] While Modi was a Muslim from north India, Ameeta was a Hindu from Maharashtra, had grown up in cosmopolitan Mumbai and came from an affluent, upper-class English-educated family, very different from Modi's own background. Both families were stridently opposed to marriage between Modi and Ameeta, not just because of the vast chasm in their backgrounds, but also because they anticipated that professional issues, jealousies, and oneupmanship would also become major factors in a marriage between two ambitious, target-oriented, over-achieving individuals. Indeed, the families remained opposed to the marriage even to the bitter end. However, Modi and Ameeta were adamant and got married in a registry office in a hastily arranged ceremony.[citation needed]

As soon as they had had their way and married each other, the couple began having problems. Behavioural expectations and professional jealousies have been identified conclusively, but religious issues have also been hinted at in a Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) report.[6] Most important of all was the involvement of a third person. This was Sanjay Singh, an immensely rich man, a classmate and friend of the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, and a prominent politician belonging to the ruling Congress party. Ameeta and Sanjay Singh had come in contact with each other in 1984, under circumstances that are not clear. Sanjay Singh was a married man with two children, and Ameeta also had been married for several years to Modi, although they had no children yet. Modi began to suspect that his wife was having an affair with Singh, and for reasons that are unclear, Ameeta seems to have chosen to feed his fears rather than allay them. Knowing that Modi sometimes read her personal diary when she was away from home, Ameeta used to "tease" him by writing details of her relationship with Sanjay Singh in that diary. After Modi was murdered, the diary fell into the hands of the police, and Ameeta explained the incriminating contents of the dairy in the following words:

I had used my flight of imagination to write certain things in the diary only to tease him. Modi had read every line I had written. And every time I wanted to tease him I used to refer to the diary. Had it been a record of my affair with anybody, I was not dumb enough to retain it so that the CBI could build up a case. I could have easily concealed it in any one of the 17 days after the murder when the CBI raided my house and found it.[7]

Matters came to a head when Ameeta became pregnant. According to the CBI report, Modi suspected that the child was not his, but was the result of Ameeta's affair with Singh. His wife did not feel disposed to allay these fears, and went to her parents' house in Mumbai for her confinement. A girl child was born in May 1988 and Ameeta gave her the Hindu name Aakanksha.[8] She then left the infant with her parents in Mumbai and returned to Lucknow, supposedly in order to continue with her badminton practice and get back into form as soon as possible. Modi resented all of these circumstances, while Ameeta resented the fact that her badminton career was put on hold, while Syed continued to rack up titles, winning his eighth consecutive national trophy in 1987. However, personal issues had in fact taken a toll on Modi's sporting performance. He had recently lost the national trophy (1988), after having won it eight times in a row from 1980 to 1987.


Two months after the birth of his daughter, Modi was murdered. On the evening of 28 July 1988, at the age of 26, Modi was shot dead as he was coming out of KD Singh Babu stadium, Lucknow after a routine practice. A brilliant career was cut short and a severe blow was dealt to badminton in India as Modi was touted to be a superstar like Prakash Padukone.[1]

The scandal surrounding Modi's murder attracted worldwide attention.[9] Seven were named in a chargesheet following a CBI probe, including Modi's wife Ameeta and her future husband, Sanjay Singh who were allegedly suspected of getting Syed murdered due to their extra-marital affair, but the case against Ameeta Modi and Sanjay Singh – for conspiracy – was dropped, and Akhilesh Singh and Jitendra Singh were separately exonerated. Sanjay Singh and Ameeta Modi later got married. Two of the other accused – Amar Bahadur Singh and Balai Singh – died before their involvement could be judged. Bhagwati Singh was found guilty of murder and possessing illegal arms, fined and sentenced to life imprisonment.[2][10][11][12][13] The brutal murder[14] left a wound in the public psyche.[15] The CBI arrested Modi's adulterous wife and her lover within days of the murder,[16] but the investigation was then scuttled by the government, according to retired investigating officers.[17] The evidence included letters written by Ameeta's mother, regarding the paternity of Aakanksha, and also letters written during the engagement of Syed Modi and Ameeta in 1984 and later a letter where Syed Modi threatened to commit suicide.[18]


Shortly after being released for lack of evidence, Modi's widow, Ameeta, married her long-time lover, Sanjay Singh. This marriage received sensational reportage in the press and became front-page news in India. Sanjay Singh's wife, Garima Singh, read of the wedding in the newspapers and filed a case in court stating that she had never been divorced from her husband and praying that the court declare his second marriage invalid (due to bigamy) and order restitution of her conjugal rights. Investigation revealed that Sanjay Singh had obtained a decree of divorce by stating a wrong address as his wife's residence. He had given the address of one of his several houses for that purpose, although Garima had not lived in that house for many years. The court had sent notice after notice to the wrong address, had received no response, and had granted an ex-parte divorce because the respondent had not appeared in court despite repeated summons. It appears that the court notices had been received at the wrong address by an associate of Sanjay Singh and had then been simply destroyed.

After Garima Singh filed her case, the sessions court heard the matter and, following a police report, set aside the order of divorce, thus invalidating the marriage of Sanjay Singh and Ameeta Modi. However, no criminal proceedings could be initiated against Sanjay Singh, because Garima Singh had in fact lived in the said house during the early years of her marriage, and it was not wholly impossible that she had received and ignored the summons. It was her word against his. Sanjay Singh then filed an appeal in the High Court, as also a fresh plea for divorce in the district court. Both of these cases are still pending in the courts over 20 years later (as of 2016). Meanwhile, Ameeta Modi and Sanjay Singh have been cohabiting for all intents and purposes as husband and wife. They have no children except Aakanksha, who has been formally adopted by Sanjay Singh.

Due to the sensational revelations and public and legal shenanigans, Sanjay Singh had to take a prolonged sabbatical from his political career. However, he not only returned to politics but also introduced Ameeta into the field. Modi's widow has stood for election to the state assembly from Amethi, which was formerly ruled by Sanjay Singh's family.

Memorial tournament

Although Modi's very name has been erased from his bloodline, and his daughter has been adopted by another man, Modi's name lives on in the field of badminton, which was his lifelong passion. After Modi's death, a badminton tournament was constituted in his memory. The All India Syed Modi badminton championship was hosted each year in Lucknow,[19] which turned into "Syed Modi International Challenge" in 2004, and starting December 2009 it would turn into "Syed Modi Grand Prix", organized by Badminton Association of India. This event later transformed to Super 300 level tournament in the newly introduced BWF World Tour format since 2018 under the name of "Syed Modi International" and since 2020 as the Syed Modi India International".[20][21] The Railways of which he was an employee, opened the Syed Modi Railway Stadium and auditorium at his native place, Gorakhpur.[22]


Actor and director Dev Anand made a thriller movie based on the murder of Modi. Sau Crore was released in 1991 with the role of Modi being played by Raman Kapoor. The movie was a surprise hit at the box office.[citation needed] A new ZEE5 web series Chargesheet based on the sensational murder of Syed Modi


  1. ^ a b c "Modi flexing is muscles in the wings". New Straits Times. 16 May 1980.
  2. ^ a b "Syed Modi case closed, motive unclear". The Times of India. 21 August 2009. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  3. ^ "NSNIS chief badminton coach Bhandari retires". The Indian Express. 4 May 2006.
  4. ^ "Smaller countries winning medals". The Spokesman-Review. 9 October 1982.
  5. ^ Biography
  6. ^ India Today
  7. ^ "Political pot boiler". India Today. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  8. ^ Daughter was named Aakanksha
  9. ^ Bernard Weinraub (28 August 1998). "India Murder Scandal Mixes Sex and Politics". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2008.
  10. ^ "Court Dismisses CBI Appeal in Syed Modi Murder Case". The Hindu. 9 December 2004. Archived from the original on 27 December 2004. Retrieved 3 March 2008.
  11. ^ "Life term for one in Syed Modi murder case". The Hindu. 23 August 2009. Archived from the original on 27 August 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  12. ^ "Love all !!". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 22 December 2002. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  13. ^ "Killer of badminton player Syed Modi gets life imprisonment". Hindustan Times. 22 August 2009. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011.
  14. ^ Day of murder
  15. ^ Left a wound
  16. ^ Ameeta and Sanjay Singh arrested
  17. ^ Scuttling the Modi Murder case
  18. ^ Letters
  19. ^ Express News Service (8 December 2007). "Aparna Popat Regains His Crown at Syed Modi Badminton Tourney". Retrieved 3 March 2008.
  20. ^ "First Syed Modi International tourney from Dec 8". The Indian Express. 6 December 2004. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  21. ^ ""Also the Syed Modi Grand Prix will be organised every year starting from December this year,"." Zee News. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  22. ^ "the 54th Railway Week prize distribution function held in the auditorium of Syed Modi Railway stadium,..." The Times of India. 11 April 2009. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2009.