This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Japanese. Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 3,200 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Japanese Wikipedia article at [[:ja:東京都シンボルマーク]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ja|東京都シンボルマーク)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Symbols of Tokyo" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (August 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The metropolitan crest
The metropolitan symbol
Tokyo's monshō (left) and shinboru (right)

The Japanese city of Tokyo has two official emblems: the monshō ("crest") and the shinboru ("symbol"). The crest is a six-rayed stylized sun with a dot in the center, while the symbol is a stylised Ginkgo biloba leaf.

The city has two official flags, featuring each emblem.

Metropolitan crest

The Crest of the Tokyo Metropolis (東京都紋章, Tōkyō-to Monshō) was adopted on November 2, 1943, under the Metropolitan Announcement No. 464 (告示第464号). It is same as the crest of the former Tokyo City, decided by the city council in December 1889. It is believed to be designed by Hiromoto Watanabe (渡辺洪基, Watanabe Hiromoto), an alderman of the city.

The crest shows a six-rayed sun (which, as a red-filled circle without rays or a dot, is in the center of the national flag of Japan), with a dot in the center representing Tokyo as the metaphorical center of Japan. As with most other prefectural crests in Japan, its color is not designated. The crest can also be interpreted as a version of the kanji (kyō) of 東京 (Tokyo), but the metropolitan announcement does not explain as such.

As a flag

Tokyo Metropolis
Flag of Tokyo Metropolis.svg
AdoptedOctober 1, 1964
DesignA white Metropolitan Crest on an Edo purple background.
Designed byHiromoto Watanabe (emblem)

The Flag of the Tokyo Metropolis (東京都旗, Tōkyō-to-ki) was adopted on October 1, 1964, under the Metropolitan Announcement No. 1042 (告示第1042号). It features a white Metropolitan Crest on center. The background color is Edo purple (江戸紫, Edo murasaki), which was popular in Edo, the name of Tokyo during the Edo period. This shade of purple is one of the traditional colors of Japan, and is near identical to Web Indigo.

Metropolitan symbol

The Symbol of the Tokyo Metropolis (東京都のシンボルマーク, Tōkyō-to no Shinboru Māku) was adopted on June 1, 1989, under the Metropolitan Announcement No. 577 (告示第577号).

The design was selected by the Tokyo Metropolitan Symbol Selection Committee (東京都シンボルマーク選考委員会) from 20 candidates. The winning design was created by Rei Yoshimura (レイ吉村), a professional graphic designer.

The vivid green symbol consists of three arcs combined to resemble a leaf of the ginkgo, the metropolitan tree, and represents T for Tokyo.[1]

As a flag

Tokyo Metropolis (Symbol Flag)
Symbol flag of Tokyo.svg
AdoptedSeptember 30, 1989
DesignA vivid green Metropolitan Symbol on white background.
Designed byRei Yoshimura (emblem)

The Symbol Flag of the Tokyo Metropolis (東京都シンボル旗, Tōkyō-to Shinboru-ki) was adopted on September 30, 1989, under the Metropolitan Announcement No. 978 (告示第978号). It features a vivid green Metropolitan Symbol in its center. The background color is white.


Both emblems and their corresponding flags are the official insignias of Tokyo. The Metropolitan Crest and the Metropolitan Flag are older and are used on more formal occasions. They are also used on traditional or historical objects, as well as the things of the longer duration of use.[2]

On the other hand, the Metropolitan Symbol and the Metropolitan Symbol Flag are more commonly used, including its official website, the metropolitan-operated buses and trains.


See also


  1. ^ "Tokyo's Symbols - Tokyo Metropolitan Government". Archived from the original on February 10, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2013., retrieved on September 29, 2008; reconfirmed on February 18, 2013
  2. ^ (in Japanese) 東京都のシンボルマークはイチョウではなかった Archived 2009-02-14 at the Wayback Machine (The symbol mark of the Tokyo Metropolis was not a ginkgo), from, retrieved on September 29, 2008