Symphony in G minor
No. 25
by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Mozart by Martin Knoller 1773.jpg
Mozart in 1773, portrait by Martin Knoller
KeyG minor
CatalogueK. 183/173dB
Composed1773 (1773)
Movementsfour

The Symphony No. 25 in G minor, K. 183/173dB, was written by the then 17-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in October 1773,[1] shortly after the success of his opera seria Lucio Silla. It was supposedly completed in Salzburg on October 5, a mere two days after the completion of his Symphony No. 24, although this remains unsubstantiated. Its first movement was used as the opening music in Miloš Forman's film Amadeus.

This is one of two symphonies Mozart composed in G minor, sometimes referred to as the "little G minor symphony". The other is the Symphony No. 40; see also Mozart and G minor.

Movements

The symphony is laid out in standard classical form:

  1. Allegro con brio, 4
    4
    in G minor
  2. Andante, 2
    4
    in E-flat major
  3. Menuetto & Trio, 3
    4
    in G minor, Trio in G major
  4. Allegro, 4
    4
    in G minor

This symphony is scored for two oboes, two bassoons, four horns and strings.

First movement


\relative c''' {
  \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t \tempo "Allegro con brio" 4 = 240
  \key g \minor
  g8\f g4 g g g8 |
  d8 d4 d d d8 |
  es8 es4 es es es8 |
  fis,8 fis4 fis fis fis8 |
  g8 bes d g bes16( a g fis g4)-. |
}

Second movement


\relative c''' {
  \tempo "Andante"
  \key ees \major
  \time 2/4
  \tempo 4 = 50	
  \partial 4 \partial 8 bes,8\p^\markup { \italic {con sordini} } (aes g) r8
  c8 (bes aes) r8
  aes (g f) r8 bes (aes g) r8
  ees'-! ees (f,) r8 bes-!
  aes (g) r8 c-!
  c (bes) r8
  d, (ees4) r8
}

Third movement


\relative c''' {
  \tempo "Menuetto"
  \key bes \major
  \time 3/4
  g,4\f d g
  bes2 c8 (a)
  g4 fis g
  a8 (fis) d4 r4
  c'4\p c c
  b4.\fp (c16 d c4)
  ees ees ees
  d4.\fp (ees16 f ees4)
  g4\f g g
  fis (c') bes-!
  \grace bes16 (a4) g fis
  g2 r4\bar ":|."
}

<< 
\new Staff \with { instrumentName = #"Hb1 "}  
  \relative c'' {
     \key g \major
     \tempo "Trio"
     \time 3/4
    d2 \p  b'8 (g)
    g (fis) fis4 fis 
    fis (c') b16 (a g fis)
    g8 (b) d,4 r4
    g (fis e)
    a4.\fp (g8) e4
    \grace a16 (g4) fis e
    d2 r4 \bar ":|." 
  }
\new Staff \with { instrumentName = #"Hb2 "}
  \relative c'' {
    \key g \major
    \time 3/4
   b2\p r4
   r4 c c
   c (fis,) g16 (a b c)
   b8 (d) b4 r4
    e4 (d cis) 
    fis4.\fp (e8) d4
     \grace fis16 (e4) d cis
    d2 r4 \bar ":|."
  }
>>

Fourth movement


\relative c'' {
     \key bes \major
     \set Score.tempoHideNote = ##t \tempo "Allegro" 4 = 240
     \time 2/2
    g4 \p d bes'4. a8
    g4 bes (a g)
    fis d c'4. bes8
    a4 c (bes a)
    g bes ees4. d8
    c4 a d4. c8
    bes4 g ees cis
    d! c' (bes a)
    g8\f d'4 d d d8~ d4 g (fis g)
  }

Style and influence

With its wide-leap melodic lines and syncopation, this symphony is characteristic of the Sturm und Drang style. It shares certain features with other Sturm and Drang symphonies of this time, and is likely inspired by Haydn's Symphony No. 39, also in G minor.[2]

Performance history

This section needs expansion with: performance history in countries other than the United States of America. You can help by adding to it. (May 2020)

The work was first performed in the United States by the Boston Symphony Orchestra on October 27, 1899, under the direction of Wilhelm Gericke. It was not performed again in the US until 1937, when rendered by the Alfred Wallenstein Sinfonietta. John Barbirolli and the New York Philharmonic performed it again in 1941 as part of their centennial season.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (2005). Die Sinfonien III. Giglberger, Veronika (preface), Robinson, J. Branford (transl.). Kassel: Bärenreiter. pp. XIII. ISMN M-006-20466-3
  2. ^ Robbins Landon, H. C. (1976). "Haydn at Eszterhaza, 1766–1790". Haydn: Chronicle and Works. Vol. 2. Bloomington, Indiana; London: Indiana University Press.
  3. ^ Hall, David (1942). Mozart: Symphony No. 25 in G minor (78rpm album set). John Barbirolli and the Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of New York. New York: Columbia Records. MX-217.