Tadvi Bhil
LanguagesMarathi and Bhili
Populated statesMaharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
Subdivisions12 main clans
This is typical homes belongs to the Tadvi Bhils in Maharashtras Satpuda region.This community is resident of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtras Satpuda Hills spread.
This is typical homes belongs to the Tadvi Bhils in Maharashtras Satpuda region.This community is resident of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtras Satpuda Hills spread.
Residence of Tadvi Peoples
Residence of Tadvi Peoples

The Tadvi Bhil is an tribal community found in the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in India. They are from the larger Bhil ethnic group, and are a clan of it. They use the surname Tadvi or sometimes the name of their Kul or Gan; the Dhankas of Gujarat and Maharashtra use Tadvi or Tetariya.[1]

History and origin

The Tadvi Bhil inhabit an area which roughly covers the border areas of the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. This territory forms the core of the Faruqi kingdom, a medieval state in central India. In the Western part of this area, Tadvis and Vasavas are mainly Hindu but some Christian missionary activities are seen in this region.[2] A close association between the Bhil of this region, and the Faruqi state led to the conversion of some of them to Islam. The dance that they perform on various occasions is known as Timli or Sajoni, or commonly known as tribal dance.

Present circumstance

The Tadvi speak a dialect of their own, also known as Tadvi, but many are switching to Urdu and Marathi. Their language is also Dhanka and Bhilori, which belongs to the Bhil group. They inhabit villages which are largely Tadvi. The community consist mainly of small cultivators. Like the wider Bhil community, they currently practise gotra exogamy, and are endogamous.[3]

As of 2001, the Tadvi Bhil of Rajasthan were classified as a Scheduled Tribe under the Indian government's reservation program of positive discrimination.[4]

References

  1. ^ "Tadvi | Scheduled Tribe | Tribes of Gujarat | Tribal Demography of Gujarat | Gujarat Tribal Research and Training Society".
  2. ^ Brower, Barbara; Johnston, Barbara Rose (2007). Disappearing Peoples? Indigenous groups and ethnic minorities of south and central asia page 80-81. Left Coast Inc. and Routledge. ISBN 978-1-59874-121-6.
  3. ^ Marginal Muslim Communities in India edited by M.K.A Siddiqui pages 1 to 13 Institute of Objective Studies
  4. ^ "List of Scheduled Tribes". Census of India: Government of India. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2012.