This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (August 2020) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 2,553 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Russian Wikipedia article at [[:ru:Музей холодной войны (Москва)]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ru|Музей холодной войны (Москва))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Exhibition Complex Bunker 42
Cold War Museum, Moscow, model.JPG
Model of the bunker layout
Established1956; 66 years ago (1956)
Location115172, Moscow, 5th Kotelnichesky Lane, 11
Coordinates55°44′30″N 37°38′57″E / 55.741735°N 37.649277°E / 55.741735; 37.649277Coordinates: 55°44′30″N 37°38′57″E / 55.741735°N 37.649277°E / 55.741735; 37.649277
TypeCold War Museum, restaurant
Public transit accessTaganskaya, 5 min walk
WebsiteMuseum website
Entrance is masked as an old building
Entrance is masked as an old building

The Cold War Museum (Moscow) or Bunker GO-42, also known as "facility-02" (1947), CHZ-293 (1951), CHZ-572 (1953), and GO-42 (from 1980), and now Exhibition Complex Bunker-42,[1] is a once-secret military complex, bunker, communication centre in Moscow, Russia, near the underground Moscow Metro station Taganskaya. It has an area of 7,000 square metres (75,000 sq ft) and is situated at a depth of 65 metres (213 ft) below ground.[2]

History

Construction of the facility began in 1951, in connection with the early threat of nuclear war with the United States. The underground complex was built using the same technique that was used in the construction of the Moscow Metro subway, to which it is connected by two tunnels. The first tunnel was used to supply the facility, and connects to the subway at Taganskaya (circle line) station. The second tunnel connects to the technical areas of Taganskaya.[3]

In 1956, the facility operated as an emergency command post headquarters of Moscow antiaircraft district (PVO) communication center. Personnel at the facility, including technical staff, were changed over every 24 hours. The staff worked in short shifts in order to stay alert and prevent combat anxiety. According to recollections of veterans, many of the staff members worked for various other institutions, including the central telegraph, radio studio, and geodetic laboratory.[3] In the 1960s, the bunker was equipped with everything needed to continue operating in the event of a nuclear attack, including food, fuel, and two artesian wells to provide clean drinking water for an extended period of time.[3]

The 2001 Russian federal budget earmarked one million rubles for capital investments in the site.[4]

Transfer to private ownership

In 2006, the bunker was put up for public auction by the Russian Federal Agency for State Property Management. It was purchased by a private company, Novick-Service, for 65 million rubles.

Capacity

Approximately 600 people could live and work in the complex for 30 days without assistance from the outside world, thanks to stores of food and medicine, an air recycling system, and diesel generators.

See also

References

  1. ^ "About the Bunker 42 museum".
  2. ^ Malpas, Anna (2007-04-20). "CONTEXT - Underground Marvels". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
  3. ^ a b c Archive chief engineer of the GO-42: Explanatory note to the reconstruction of the object CZ-293 Moscow, Metrogiprotrans, 1973
  4. ^ http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?hl=en&prev=/search%3Fq%3D%25D0%259C%25D0%25BE%25D1%2581%25D0%25BA%25D0%25BE%25D0%25B2%25D1%2581%25D0%25BA%25D0%25B8%25D0%25B9%2B%25D0%25B2%25D0%25BE%25D0%25B5%25D0%25BD%25D0%25BD%25D1%258B%25D0%25B9%2B%25D0%25B1%25D1%2583%25D0%25BD%25D0%25BA%25D0%25B5%25D1%2580%2Bwikipedia%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Doff%26prmd%3Dimvns&rurl=translate.google.co.uk&sl=ru&twu=1&u=http://www.worklib.ru/laws/rf/pages/10000331.php&usg=ALkJrhixihBXS5bePhxnyeHbybII2tjWBQ[dead link]