|Coordinates: 13°34′N 44°01′E / 13.567°N 44.017°ECoordinates: 13°34′N 44°01′E / 13.567°N 44.017°E|
|• Governor||Amin Ahmed Mahmoud|
|• Total||12,605 km2 (4,867 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
Taiz (Arabic: تَعِزّ, romanized: Taʿizz) is a governorate of Yemen. The governorate's capital is Taiz, which is the third-largest city in Yemen. Today it is among the most important commercial centres in Yemen, owing to its proximity to rich farmland in the nation and to the important Red Sea port of Mocha. It also has an international airport, Taiz International Airport, with numerous services within Yemen and to neighbouring countries.
For such a small area, Taiz Governorate has an extraordinarily diverse geography. The western half of the governorate is part of the Tihamah coastal plain and has an exceedingly hot, humid and arid climate. The eastern half, however, is very mountainous, with the major peak being 3,070-metre-high Jabal Sabir, near Taiz city. These mountains trap the moisture created by an upper-level wind reversal between April and October, so that in the eastern half of the governorate annual rainfall increases from 200 millimetres (8 inches) in the foothills to probably more than 1,000 millimetres (40 inches) near Jebel Saber. Temperatures in the highlands remain high during the daytime, but at the highest elevations they can fall dramatically to -5 °C (23 °F) overnight.
The governorate has many mountains. Their height ranges between 1,000 and 3,200 metres. The most important mountains are Jabal Sabir, Jabal Habashi, Jabal Samaʿa, Jabal Qadas, Jabal As-Silw, the mountains of al-Wazi'iyah and the Mountains of Shar'ab and Maqbanah.
There are many streams in Taiz governorate; known as wadi (Arabic: وادي), they are divided into perennial and temporary streams:
Are the steams that only run in wet seasons:
|Damnt Khadir||Wadi al-Shofiah|
|Mawaiah||Wadi al-Sudan, Wadi al-Gharman, Wadi al-Sawarih|
|As-Silw||Wadi Qoradah, Wadi al-Zubirah, Wadi al-Qatriah|
|Hayfan||Wadi al-Musali, Wadi Khawalah, Wadi Shawkah|
|Shar'ab Ar-Rawnah||Wadi Gaw'ah, Wadi al-Ma', Wadi Shamlah|
|Shar'ab As-Salam||Wadi al-fojeer, Wadi al-Habab, Wadi Hawsa', Wadi Nakhlah|
|Jabal Habashi||Wadi Hannah|
|al-Makha||Wadi Tanag, Wadi Kabir, Wadi Hathiah|
|Sabir al-Mawadim||Wadi Sailat Hawas|
|Al-wazyiah||Wadi al-Makhshab, Wadi al-Mu'aqam, Wadi Hawlajah, Wadi Sumadah|
|Mawza||Wadi Janob, Wadi al-Gharafi, Wadi al-Majash, Wadi Hagharamah, Wadi al-Murra, Wadi Sha'bo|
Taiz Governorate is divided into the following 23 districts. These districts are further divided into sub-districts, and then further subdivided into villages:
The agriculture of this governorate is diverse. In the Tihamah region, there is only irrigated agriculture, with cotton, sorghum and sesame the chief crops. Inland, whilst these crops are still significant, a much wider range of crops can be grown on rainfall and through water storage. Mangoes, papayas and bananas are the major crops of the western escarpment, and further up coffee and khat are grown. Although wine is prohibited in Yemen because of its alcohol content, grapes are still grown to produce raisins in some areas.
The governorate has many wild animals and birds. The most common wild animals in the governorate are hyaenas, foxes, tigers, lions, rock hyrax, african wild dog, rabbits, hedgehog, monkeys. The most common wild birds are vultures, falcons, partridges, owls, pigeons, hoopoes, bulbuls.