Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)[1]
Fluke of a narwhal off the coast of Bylot Island
Map showing the location of Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area
Location of Tallurutiup Imanga NMCA in Canada
Map showing the location of Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area
Location of Tallurutiup Imanga NMCA in Nunavut
LocationQikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada
Nearest cityPond Inlet
Coordinates74°09′N 81°00′W / 74.150°N 81.000°W / 74.150; -81.000Coordinates: 74°09′N 81°00′W / 74.150°N 81.000°W / 74.150; -81.000
Area108,000 km2 (42,000 sq mi)
DesignationProposed National Marine Conservation Area
EstablishedTo Be Determined
Governing bodyParks Canada

Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area is an approved National Marine Conservation Area (NMCA) located in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. The goal of the marine conservation area is to work with local Inuit to conserve the rich biodiversity of Lancaster Sound and its adjacent waterways. Once formally established under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act, it will become the largest Parks Canada-managed protected area and the second largest protected area in Canada after Tuvaijuittuq Marine Protected Area.

History

In 2009, the governments of Canada and Nunavut and the Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) signed a memorandum of understanding to begin assessing the feasibility of establishing a NMCA in Lancaster Sound. It also established the Steering Committee to conduct consultations with local communities and key stakeholders.[2]

In 2010, Parks Canada announced a potential future boundary of 44,300 km2 (17,100 sq mi) for an NMCA in Lancaster Sound. Additional studies and consultations were performed in the years that followed to determine what marine areas should be included or excluded from the proposed NMCA.[2]

In February 2017, the Steering Committee submitted its report and recommendations on the feasibility of an NMCA in Lancaster Sound to the ministers of Environment for Canada and Nunavut, and to the President of the Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) in February 2017.[3] The Senior Mineral and Energy Resource Assessment Committee approved of the Steering Committee’s recommended boundary the following May.[2] The Governments of Canada and Nunavut and the QIA began negotiations on an Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreement the following August.[2]

In August 2019, the Government of Canada and the QIA announced the signing of an Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreement (IIBA), required for final establishment of Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area.[4] With the signing of the IIBA, Parks Canada and QIA will begin to operationalize the NMCA.[2]

As of September 2020, formal establishment under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act has yet to occur.

Geography

The NCMA covers an area of 108,000 km2 (42,000 sq mi) stretching from Baffin Bay between Buchan Gulf and southeastern Ellesmere Island, to the 96th meridian west between Cornwallis Island and Somerset Island. It would surround the marine portions of Sirmilik National Park, Nirjutiqavvik National Wildlife Area, Bylot Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary, and Prince Leopold Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary.[4]

Ecology

Further information: North Water Polynya

The ecological importance of Lancaster Sound is due to the presence of polynyas in its waters. These small pockets of open water provide refuge for Arctic marine and bird species during winter months. These winter refuges are also areas where Inuit undertake many traditional activities.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tallurutiup Imanga (Lancaster Sound) National Marine Conservation Area". Protected Planet. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  2. ^ a b c d e Parks Canada Agency, Government of Canada (2019-07-31). "Timeline - National Marine Conservation Areas". www.pc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  3. ^ Parks Canada Agency, Government of Canada (2019-07-31). "Feasibility Assessment Report - National Marine Conservation Areas". www.pc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  4. ^ a b Parks Canada Agency, Government of Canada (2019-12-16). "Inuit Impact and Benefit Agreement - National Marine Conservation Areas". www.pc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  5. ^ Parks Canada Agency, Government of Canada (2019-07-31). "Ecological values - National Marine Conservation Areas". www.pc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2020-09-22.