|तामाङ, རྟ་དམག་ / རྟ་མང་/|
|1.35 million in Nepal (2011 census)|
20,154 in India (2011 census)
|Tamyig script, Devanagari, Tibetan|
Official language in
Tamang (Devanagari: तामाङ; tāmāng) is a term used to collectively refer to a dialect cluster spoken mainly in Nepal, Sikkim, West Bengal (Darjeeling) and North-Eastern India. It comprises Eastern Tamang, Northwestern Tamang, Southwestern Tamang, Eastern Gorkha Tamang, and Western Tamang. Lexical similarity between Eastern Tamang (which is regarded as the most prominent) and other Tamang languages varies between 81% to 63%. For comparison, lexical similarity between Spanish and Portuguese, is estimated at 89%.
Ethnologue divides Tamang into the following varieties due to mutual unintelligibility.
The Tamang language is the most widely spoken Sino-Tibetan language in Nepal.
Ethnologue gives the following location information for the varieties of Tamang.
Some grammatical features of the Tamang languages include:
Phonetically Tamang languages are tonal.
|Close||i iː||u uː|
|Mid||e eː||o oː|
Nasality only marginally occurs, and is typically transcribed with a [ã] mark.
Four tones occur as high falling [â], mid-high level [á], mid-low level [à], very low [ȁ].
Tamang language is written in Tamyig script.