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Tamayori-hime, is a goddess in Japanese mythology.

Tamayori-hime is the daughter of the sea-dragon god Watatsumi and the younger sister of Toyotama-hime. When Toyotama-hime abandoned her husband Hoori, she sent Tamayori-hime to care for their son Ugayafukiaezu.[1] When the child grew up, he married his aunt, who bore him four children, the youngest of which became Emperor Jimmu, the first emperor of Japan.[2]

Spelling

Her name is spelled as 玉依毘売命 in the Kojiki and 玉依姫尊 in the Nihon Shoki

Summary

She is the mother of Emperor Jinmu (the first Emperor) and the sister of Toyotama-hime, the Emperor's grandmother.

Her name is thought to be "a priestess possessed by a divine spirit". Like Tamayorihihime mother of Himetataraisuzu-hime, who appears in the anecdotes of Yamashiro Fudoki, those with this name are said to have a priestess-like divinity that marries with the gods. In addition, since the line of succession is based on grain spirits, and the sons of Tamayorihime are also named Gose no mikoto (厳稲の命), Inahiron no mikoto (稲氷の命), Mogonuma no mikoto (御食主の命), and Wakamogonuma no mikoto (若御食主の命), it is thought that they were priestesses who possessed grain spirits.[3]

Miyaura Shrine (Miyazaki Prefecture Nichinan City) is said to be the site of Tamayorihime's residence.[4] There is also a place in Miyazaki Prefecture Nichinan City that is said to be the mausoleum of Princess Tamayori.[4]

At the Ryukuchi Myoujin Shrine [ja], she is considered the ancestor of the Kaijin Tribe [ja], which unites Ryujin, and the princess herself is worshipped as Ryujin.[5]

Genealogy

According to the Kiki, the father is Watatsumi-gami and there is no mention of a mother, but there is an older sister, Toyotama-hime. The Yamato Shukune [ja] and Uminao genealogies in the Hyakuke Genealogy and the Shukune and Uminao genealogies in the Shukune and Uminao have Utsuhi Nichikin [ja] (Hotakami-no-mikoto, ancestor of the Azumi people) and Nurutama-no-mikoto (ancestor of the Owari Kokuzo [ja], Yamato Kokuzo [ja], etc.) as brothers. However, it is believed that Toyotama Biyori-no-mikoto and Tamayori Biyori-no-mikoto were sisters who became the wives of Hienori-no-mikoto, and based on genealogical comparisons with other clans, there is a theory that they were actually daughters rather than sisters of Utsushihikkinasei-no-mikoto[6][7] (see below).

Different theories

Family tree

Amaterasu
Ame-no-oshihomimi
Ninigi-no-MikotoKonohanasakuya-himeWatatsumi
HooriToyotama-himeUtsuhi Nichikin [ja]Nurutama-no-mikoto [ja]
UgayafukiaezuTamayori-himeAzumi people(Owari Kokuzo [ja], Yamato Kokuzo [ja])
Itsuse [ja]Inahi [ja]Mikeiri no Mikoto [ja]Jimmu
Imperial House of Japan
  • 赤背景は女性。

出典:[9]

Examination

According to the Chronicles, Tamayori Biyori-no-mikoto's husband, Ukusabifune no Mikoto, was the grandson of Emperor Ninigi-no-mikoto, and Emperor Jinmu was his great-grandson. However, if we compare the generations of those who accompanied the descendants of the gods [ja] with those involved in the Jimmu East Expedition, we find that the Nakatomi-ren, Imbibe shu, Kume nao, and other related clans are always grandfather and grandson, and only the imperial lineage is somehow one generation older. However, intergenerational marriages between nephews and their aunts are rare and cannot be said to be a regular occurrence, and even in the few cases where they have occurred, there has never been a marriage with a mother's younger half-sister. This has led some to believe that the genealogy of Ukusa-thatching-furinushi-no-mikoto and Emperor Jinmu is a corruption of the tradition of sister marriages common among horsemen, and that Toyotamabihime and Tamayoribihime were sisters who married Hoori, with the former giving birth to Ugayafukiaezu and the latter to Emperor Jimmu and his siblings. According to this theory, Ukusabufurinushi-no-mikoto and Emperor Jinmu were both sons of Hiotorinushi-no-mikoto, making them half-brothers, and the number of generations is consistent with those of other related authors.[10]

Records

Kojiki

According to Kojiki, Toyotama-hime left her child (Ugayafukiaezu) after giving birth, but later sent her sister, Tamayoribirinomikoto, to offer her a song and provide for her child. Later, Ukagusabuhuri-no-mikoto married Tamayoribihime and had four children with her.

Nihon Shoki

According to the Nihon Shoki, Toyotama-hime came to the seashore from the sea to give birth to her child with Hoori, a thatch-thatched goddess, but at this time Toyotama-hime was accompanied by her sister, Tamayori-hime. Later, Tamayorihime became the consort of nephew of the goddess of thatched roofs (from Tamayorihime's point of view) and gave birth to four children.

According to the first sentence of the tenth section, after giving birth to her child, Princess Toyotama returned to the sea, leaving her child behind.

According to the third book, Toyotamahime left her child at sea after giving birth, but later sent Tamayorihime to give a song to Fire Ori and nourish the king.

In the fourth book of the same name, the story goes that Toyotamahime took the child in her arms and left for the sea after giving birth, but later sent Tamayorihime to take the child in her arms and send her back to land.

The Old Chronicle of the First Age

According to the Old History of Japan, Toyotamahime-no-mikoto gave birth to a child, a child of Hiori-no-mikoto, and then left the child in her arms and went to the sea (or let Tamayori-hime-no-mikoto take care of the child and leave, and later let Tamayori-hime-no-mikoto take the child and send it to land). Later, Toyotama-hime no Mikoto sent Tamayorihime no Mikoto to give a song to Hiori no Mikoto, and have her feed the kid Kusabufuri no Mikoto. It was at this time that Tamayorihime no Mikoto and Hiori no Mikoto were born. Later, Tamayorihime-no-mikoto became the wife of the Goddess of Arms, whom she had nurtured, and gave birth to four children.

Shrines to worship

See also

Hyuga mythological lineage

Yahata belief system

References

  1. ^ Akima, Toshio (1993). "The Origins of the Grand Shrine of Ise and the Cult of the Sun Goddess Amaterasu Ōmikami". Japan Review. 4 (4): 143. JSTOR 25790929.
  2. ^ Allan, Tony; Phillips, Charles; Kerrigan, Michael (2000). Realm of the Rising Sun: Japanese Myth. Time-Life Books. pp. 68–69. ISBN 9780705436632.
  3. ^ Kazutami Nishimiya (1979-06-12). Shincho Japanese Classics, Vol. 27: Kojiki. Shinchosha. ISBN 4106203278.[page needed]
  4. ^ a b Tradition Site Detail 70: Tamayorihime Mausoleum, Nichinan City - 100 Tradition Sites - Himuka Mythical Road (viewed at 6:41 pm (JST) on 24 July 2018)
  5. ^ "御祭神|龍口明神社". gozuryu.com.
  6. ^ "shintoufu/shintoufu1.htm The Genealogy of the Gods and the Early Branching Process of the Kaijin Clan, Kojiki no Bosama, 2011".
  7. ^ "天照大神と大国主神の関係 | ─筑紫国と高天原神話・日向三代神話─".
  8. ^ 宝賀寿男「第3章 地祇系氏族 第1節 海神族 6倭国造倭直、大倭忌寸」『古代 氏族系譜集成』中巻、古代氏族研究会、1986年、1286-1288頁
  9. ^ 古代豪族系図集覧, p. 7.
  10. ^ Tsuo Hoga, "Chapter 7: Genealogy of the Jinmu Clan", in The Original Image of the "Jinmu Eastward Conquest", Aogaki Shuppan, 2006, pp. 303-305.