Tamolan
Guam River
Geographic
distribution
Guam River, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationRamu
  • Ramu proper
    • Tamolan–Ataitan
      • Tamolan
Glottologtamo1242

The Tamolan languages are a small family of clearly related languages spoken in the region of the Guam River in Madang Province, Papua New Guinea.

Languages

The Tamolan languages are:

Kominimung and Igana are said to also be Tamolan languages, but no data has been collected to establish that.

Tamolan is classified among the Ramu languages of northern Papua New Guinea.

Phonemes

Usher (2020) reconstructs the consonant inventory as follows:[1]

*m *n
*p *t *s *k
*mb *nd *ndz *ŋg
*w *j

Vowels are *i *ʉ *u *a.

Pronouns

Usher (2020) reconstructs the pronouns as:[1]

sg du pl
1 *uku *aŋgʉ *ani
2 *un *uŋgʉ *uni
3 *an, *ma ? ?

Plus 1sg object *na.

Proto-Tamolan–Ataitan (Proto-Guam–Moam) is very similar, and nearly identical to Proto-Moam.

References