Tandang Sora National Shrine
Dambana ni Melchora "Tandang Sora" Aquino
Tandang Sora Shrine 02.jpg
LocationBanlat Road, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines
TypeMemorial
Completion date2008
Dedicated toMelchora Aquino
Area1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft)
Operated byQuezon City Government
DesignationNational Shrine

The Tandang Sora National Shrine (Filipino: Dambana ni Melchora (Tandang Sora) Aquino) is a national monument and memorial park in Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines. It is dedicated to Filipino revolutionary and centenarian, Melchora Aquino who is also known as "Tandang Sora".

Background

Melchora Aquino, popularly known as Tandang Sora is a key figure in the Philippine Revolution who offered shelter and medical aid to Katipunan revolutionaries despite her old age.[1] She was known by the titles of "Mother of the Katipunan" and the "Grand Woman of the Revolution" for her role in the revolution.[2] The place where the memorial is situated, along in present-day Banlat Road in a barangay in Quezon City named in honor of her is her birthplace.[1]

After her death, her remains were initially buried at the Mausoleum of the Veterans of the Revolution at the Manila North Cemetery before being transferred to the Himlayang Pilipino. In 2012, her remains were transferred to the Tandang Sora Shrine.[3]

History

Historical marker
Historical marker

The Tandang Sora Shrine was "restored" by the Quezon City government in 2005 as a tribute to Melchora Aquino[4] and the shrine was built in 2008[2] during the tenure of then-Quezon City Mayor Feliciano Belmonte Jr. Prior to the shrine's construction, a marker is already present near the site of the shrine although it is generally hidden from view from the public by houses.[3]

The Quezon City Council declared 2012 as Tandang Sora Year, a year-long celebration to mark the 200th birth anniversary of Melchora Auino.[1] In line of the commemoration, there were efforts by the city government to have Aquino's remains which were then-located at the nearby Himlayang Pilipino exhumed and re-interred in the shrine.[2] Such moves required approval from the Congress and their bid was helped by the approval of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NCHP) of the plan in 2011.[4] The Himlayang Pilipino also gave consent for the exhumation of Aquino's remains.[3]

Melchora Aquino's remains were then re-interred at the Tandang Sora Shrine on January 6, 2012, on her birth day.[2] The re-interment ceremony was led by Novaliches Bishop Antonio Tobias who blessed Aquino's casket.[3]

The memorial was later declared a national shrine on March 2, 2012 by the NHCP through a resolution.[1]

Shrine

The shrine is situated along Banlat Road in Barangay Tandang Sora, Quezon City. It covers an area of 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) and features a 10.67 m (35.0 ft) bronze sculpture. The remains of Melchora Aquino, which consists of three small bones and ash at the time of her re-interment in the shrine, is housed inside a small wooden casket, which in turn is placed inside a square space at the foot of the bronze sculpture[3] designed by Toym Imao.[5]

An art gallery is also hosted within shrine grounds which features paintings and other sculptures dedicated to Tandang Sora made by local artists from Quezon City.[6] It also has a pavilion and stage for events, and a mini-museum dedicated to Melchora Aquino.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Tandang Sora's birthplace declared a national shrine". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Cheng, Willard (6 January 2012). "Tandang Sora finally home". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Heirs want Tandang Sora holiday declared". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 7 January 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b Guiang, Alfred Kristoffer (31 August 2011). "Transfer of Melchora Aquino's remains to Tandang Sora Shrine gets approval of Historical Commission". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Tandang Sora Shrine". Quezon City Tourism. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  6. ^ Sebastian, Ina (11 October 2014). "History, culture, food: For gems in plain sight, revisit Quezon City". Rappler. Retrieved 4 November 2018.