Tanegashima Space Center
Osaki Range.jpg
LocationTanegashima, Japan
Coordinates30°24′00″N 130°58′12″E / 30.40000°N 130.97000°E / 30.40000; 130.97000Coordinates: 30°24′00″N 130°58′12″E / 30.40000°N 130.97000°E / 30.40000; 130.97000
OperatorJAXA
Total launches85
Launch pad(s)Two
Launch history
StatusActive
First launchN-I (rocket) / Kiku 1, 9 September 1975
Last launchH-IIA / Inmarsat-6 F1, 22 December 2021
LA-Y1 launch history
StatusActive
Launches76
First launch9 September 1975
N-I (rocket) / Kiku 1
Last launch22 December 2021
H-IIA / Inmarsat-6 F1
Associated
rockets
N-I (rocket) (retired)
N-II (rocket) (retired)
H-I (retired)
H-II (retired)
H-IIA (Active)
LA-Y2 launch history
StatusActive
Launches9
First launch10 September 2009
H-IIB / Kounotori 1
Last launch20 May 2020
H-IIB / Kounotori 9
Associated
rockets
H-IIB (retired)
H-III Future
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The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) satellite pre-launch, 2014.
The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) satellite pre-launch, 2014.
The launch of H-IIA Flight 11 rocket at the Tanegashima Space Center, 2006.
The launch of H-IIA Flight 11 rocket at the Tanegashima Space Center, 2006.

The Tanegashima Space Center (種子島宇宙センター, Tanegashima Uchū Sentā) (TNSC) is the largest rocket-launch complex in Japan with a total area of about 9.7 square kilometers. It is located on the southeast coast of Tanegashima, an island approximately 40 kilometers (25 mi) south of Kyushu. It was established in 1969 when the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) was formed, and is now run by JAXA.

The activities that take place at TNSC include assembly, testing, launching, and tracking satellites, as well as rocket engine firing tests.

Facilities

On-site main facilities include:[1]

Those facilities are used for performing operations from assembling launch vehicles, maintenance, inspections, final checks of satellites, loading satellites onto launch vehicles, rocket launches, and tracking launch vehicles after liftoff. The TNSC plays a pivotal role in satellite launches among Japan’s space development activities.

Orbital launches of the H-IIA rockets take place from the Yoshinobu Launch Complex, lifting off from one of its two launch pads. The H-IIA first stage engine, the LE-7A, is test-fired at the Yoshinobu Firing Test Stand. Auxiliary buildings are in place for the assembly of new spacecraft and for radar and optical tracking of launched spacecraft.

The older Osaki Launch Complex was retired in 1992. It was used for the launch and development of N-I, N-II, and H-I space rockets.

The Space Science and Technology Museum is near TNSC. It offers an intricate view of rocket history and technology in Japan. Though most of the displays are in Japanese, there are English tour pamphlets available.

In fiction

In Empire Earth: The Art of Conquest, in the Asian Campaign, the Tanegashima Space Center is an important location, pivotal in the story to the United Federation of Asian Republics reaching Mars before the Americans or Europeans. The spaceport was completely destroyed in a nuclear bombing raid by Novaya Russia but was rebuilt by the UFAR at the request of their ally, Japan.

Episode 2 of the Japanese animated film 5 Centimeters per Second features a rocket launch from Tanegashima Space Center.

In the Robotics;Notes visual novel, Tanegashima Space Center is one of the major settings found in the game. It is also featured in the anime.

In Captain Earth, Tanegashima Space Center is now controlled by Globe and serves as one of their bases.

In the Japanese animated television series Aldnoah.Zero, Tanegashima is the crash landing site of some Martian technology.

The video games Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire, along with their remakes, feature the Mossdeep Space Center, which is modeled on the Tanegashima Space Center.

In season 2, episode 19 of the Japanese animated television series Assassination Classroom, the students of class 3-E of Kunugigaoka Junior High School infiltrate a space center that is based on Tanegashima Space Center.

In the Japanese animated series Shingu: Secret of the Stellar Wars, Tanegashima figures very prominently in the later episodes.

See also

References

  1. ^ "JAXA - Tanegashima Space Center". JAXA. 23 September 2018. Archived from the original on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 September 2018.