Tang Jiuhong
Personal information
CountryChina
Born (1969-02-14) February 14, 1969 (age 53)
Anhua, Hunan, China
Height172 cm (5 ft 8 in)
Weight65 kg (143 lb)
HandednessRight
Women's singles
Highest ranking1
BWF profile

Tang Jiuhong (Chinese: 唐九红; born February 14, 1969) is a former Chinese badminton star who was one of the world's leading women's singles players of the late 1980s and early 1990s.

Career

She won the then biennial 1991 World Championship in 1991[1] and was a semifinalist in the 1989 World Championships and 1993 World Championships competitions.[2][3] She was a bronze medalist in women's singles at the 1992 Summer Olympics. Her international singles titles included the prestigious All England Championship in 1992,[4] as well as the Belgian (1988), Thailand (1989), Danish (1989, 1990), Swiss (1989), Singapore (1990), Korean (1992), and Swedish Opens (1992); the World Badminton Grand Prix in 1989, the quadrennial Asian Games in 1990, and the Badminton World Cup in 1992. Tang played on Chinese Uber Cup (women's international) teams that won world team titles in 1990 and 1992. In the late 1980s Tang and her fellow countrywoman Huang Hua were touted by some to be China's next generation of dominant female singles players, taking over from Li Lingwei and Han Aiping. Within a few years, however, they were upstaged by an even younger group of precocious badminton talents that included Indonesia's Susi Susanti, South Korea's Bang Soo-hyun, and China's own Ye Zhaoying.

Tang Jiuhong was brought up in Hunan by her elder brother Hui Tang and in effect his love of badminton introduced her to the sport. The badminton coach of the school where Hui Tang was training was impressed by his little 5-year-old sister Tang Jiuhong. He found that the tall girl's athleticism well suited for badminton. Soon little "Red Nine" as her nickname would become, was part of the County Amateur Sports School team. Four years later she was on the Hunan province badminton team. She won the National Youth Badminton Competition for three consecutive years in the women's singles event. She soon delivered more remarkable achievements winning the 1988 women's singles title at the National Badminton Championships. At the peak of her career she won 14 open events in one year, but her success also came at a price. Maintaining such high strength training for a long time led to severe physical discomfort. In 1992 when she was part of the winning Chinese Uber Cup team (her second Uber Cup title) she also had severe hematuria. To prepare for the Olympic Games, her coach arranged a base in the Beijing Miyun Reservoir where she could be nursed for a month, but the subsequent training still affected her health. The hematuria reappeared and affected her play at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games where she managed to reach the semifinals and earn a bronze medal. As pre-event favorite for the gold medal, however, her lopsided loss to Korean player Bang Soo-hyun received such negative criticism in China that she considered immediately retiring. But the Hunan Province Sports Bureau insisted that she persevere and after a period of rest her body eventually recovered. In 1993 she took another bronze medal at the individual world championships, again losing to Bang Soo-hyun but in an extremely close match. After winning women's singles at the Chinese national championships once more in 1993 Tang retired. In 1994 the Hunan Province government awarded her the title of "Most Outstanding Woman".

Achievements

Olympic Games

Women's singles

Year Venue Opponent Score Result
1992 Pavelló de la Mar Bella, Barcelona, Spain South Korea Bang Soo-hyun 3–11, 2–11
Bronze

World Championships

Women's singles

Year Venue Opponent Score Result
1993 National Indoor Arena, Birmingham, England South Korea Bang Soo-hyun 3–11, 12–10, 10–12
Bronze
1991 Brøndby Arena, Copenhagen, Denmark Indonesia Sarwendah Kusumawardhani 11–6, 11–11
Gold
1989 Senayan Sports Complex, Jakarta, Indonesia China Li Lingwei 11–6, 8–11, 2–11
Bronze

World Cup

Women's singles

Year Venue Opponent Score Result
1989 Guangzhou Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China Indonesia Susi Susanti 4–11, 12–10, 11–12
Bronze
1990 Istora Senayan, Jakarta, Indonesia Indonesia Sarwendah Kusumawardhani 10–12, 11–6, 4–11
Bronze
1992 Guangdong Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China China Huang Hua 11–8, 11–5
Gold

Asian Games

Women's singles

Year Venue Opponent Score Result
1990 Beijing Gymnasium, Beijing, China South Korea Lee Young-suk 7–11, 11–7, 11–3
Gold

Asian Cup

Women's singles

Year Venue Opponent Score Result
1991 Istora Senayan, Jakarta, Indonesia South Korea Bang Soo-hyun 11–7, 6–11, 11–4
Gold

IBF World Grand Prix

The World Badminton Grand Prix sanctioned by International Badminton Federation (IBF) from 1983 to 2006.

Women's singles

Year Tournament Opponent Score Result
1989 Poona Open China Huang Hua 11–5, 11–8 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1989 Swiss Open China Huang Hua 12–9, 11–2 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1989 Thailand Open China Luo Yun 0–11, 11–3, 11–6 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1989 China Open China Zhou Lei 11–1, 11–7 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1989 Denmark Open China Han Aiping 11–0, 11–1 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1989 Grand Prix Finals China Han Aiping 12–11, 12–10 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1990 Singapore Open South Korea Lee Young-suk 12–9, 11–3 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1990 Denmark Open China Zhou Lei 11–3, 11–4 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1990 Grand Prix Finals Indonesia Susi Susanti 11–8, 5–11, 10–12 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1991 Finnish Open England Helen Troke 11–7, 11–8 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1991 Malaysian Open Indonesia Sarwendah Kusumawardhani 11–12, 1–11 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1991 Hong Kong Open China Huang Hua 10–12, 12–9, 9–12 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1992 Korean Open South Korea Bang Soo-hyun 11–6, 11–3 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1992 Swedish Open Sweden Lim Xiaoqing 11–5, 11–4 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner
1992 All England Open South Korea Bang Soo-hyun 9–12, 12–10, 11–1 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner

Women's doubles

Year Tournament Partner Opponent Score Result
1989 Swiss Open China Huang Hua England Cheryl Johnson
England Claire Palmer
15–7, 18–17 1st place, gold medalist(s) Winner

Invitational tournament

Women's singles

Year Tournament Venue Opponent Score Result
1988 Asian Invitational Championships Bandar Lampung, Indonesia China Huang Hua 11–5, 11–6
Gold

Personal life

After her retirement Tang Jiuhong opened up a restaurant in her hometown of Hunan, and later also opened some branches in Beijing. In 1996, Tang Jiuhong emigrated to the United States, but soon returned to China, with her husband and child settling in Beijing. Later, because she could not adapt to the weather in Beijing, she returned to Hunan. She was then invited to act as secretary and director of the badminton management center which was established in the Hunan province, and began to engage in her sports management work. At the beginning of 2002, the Hunan Provincial Sports Bureau appointed Tang Jiuhong to the Yiyang City and she became the Chaoyang District deputy mayor, as a grass-roots testing exercise. Later she was promoted to deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Sports Bureau, and she was elected to the National People's congress.

References

  1. ^ "1991 IBF World Championships". InternationalBadminton.org. Archived from the original on 2007-10-06.
  2. ^ "1989 IBF World Championships". InternationalBadminton.org. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08.
  3. ^ "1993 IBF World Championships". InternationalBadminton.org.[dead link]
  4. ^ "All England Badminton Championships". dillesport.dk. Archived from the original on 2010-02-06.