Clockwise from center: Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine, Hutoushan Park, Taoyuan Jinfu Temple, Taoyuan Wenchang Temple, Taoyuan Exhibition Center, Taoyuan Confucius Temple, Zhongzhen Road
|• Total||34.8 km2 (13.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)|
Taoyuan District (Chinese: 桃園區; pinyin: Táoyuán Qū), formerly known as Taoyuan City (桃園市), is a district of Taoyuan City in northwestern Taiwan. The seat of Taoyuan City is situated within its borders. It is the most populous district among the 12 districts of Taoyuan City, and the second most populous among the many districts of Taiwan, with the most populous being Banqiao District in New Taipei City.
Taoyuan is the native home to the plains tribes of Taiwanese aborigines. Taoyuan's old name was Toahong (Chinese: 桃仔園; pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; lit. 'peach orchard') since there used to be many peach blossoms in the area.
Under Japanese rule, the area was part of Toshien Chō (桃仔園廳) established in November 1901. In 1920, it was renamed Tōen Town (桃園街), and incorporated into Tōen District, Shinchiku Prefecture.
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China, it was reorganized as Taoyuan Town of Taoyuan County. On 21 April 1971, the town was upgraded from an urban township to a county-administered city called Taoyuan City. On 25 December 2014, the city became a district of the newly formed special municipality of Taoyuan City.
Taoyuan is located on the Taoyuan Plateau, contiguous on the northeast to Guishan District. The Nankan River is Taoyuan's largest river, flowing from the southeast to the northwest.
Taoyuan has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year and is generally higher in the first half of the year. Due to the effect of wind from mainland China, Taoyuan is typically cooler than New Taipei, despite having a lower latitude.
Dalin, Dafeng, Jianguo, Yunlin, Fuan, Fulin, Fenglin, Zhonghe, Zhongxing, Wenhua, Wenchang, Wenming, Beimen, Minsheng, Yongxing, Guangxing, Ximen, Xihu, Wuling, Zhangmei, Nanmen, Nanhua, Zhongshan, Zhongping, Zhongzheng, Zhongcheng, Zhongxin, Zhongyuan, Zhongtai, Zhongsheng, Zhonglu, Zhongde, Wenzhong, Yushan, Taishan, Longshan, Longan, Longgang, Longxiang, Longshou, Longfeng, Zhongpu, Zhongning, Beipu, Yongan, Tongan, Tongde, Zijiang, Xipu, Mingde, Tungpu, Zhangan, Zhangde, Xinguang, Nanpu, Zhuangjing, Ciwen, Xinpu, Ruiqing, Bao'an, Baoqing, Sanyuan, Sanmin, Dayou, Daxing, Chenggong, Bianzhou, Zhongyi, Tungshan, Tungmen, Jingxi, Chunri, Zhaoyang, Guiji, Wanshou and Baoshan Village.
Within Taoyuan, there are 6 senior high schools, 14 junior high schools, 23 primary schools, and an "intelligence initiation school." Taoyuan is also home to a number of buxibans, or cram schools or language schools, which teach additional courses in mathematics, English, science, etc. There are also 10 universities located in Taoyuan.
Taoyuan was one of the host cities for the Taiwan European Film Festival in 2012.
Taoyuan is twinned with: