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TeamGym is a form of competition created by the European Union of Gymnastics. The first official competition was held in Finland in 1996. Originally named EuroTeam, TeamGym received its current name in 2002. From 1996 to 2008, the European Championships was an event for clubs; since 2010 the competition is contested with national teams representing different countries. TeamGym events consist of three sections: women, men and mixed teams. Athletes perform gymnastic skills in three different disciplines: floor, tumbling and trampette.[1] In common for the performance is effective teamwork, good technique in the elements and spectacular acrobatic skills.[2]

Events

Floor

All members of the Team take part in the floor program, composed of a mixture of dance, flexibility and skill. The routine has to be skillfully choreographed and the judges look out for changes in shape. There needs to be at least two spins, two jumps/leaps, two acrobatic elements, two balance/power elements, two section elements and one combination of elements. These section elements are bodywaves for women's teams, power elements for men's teams and lifts for mixed teams. Floor routines are performed to music.

Trampette

Main article: Trampette

A trampette is a small square trampoline used in gymnastics. In TeamGym, the trampette is positioned at the end of a runway in front of a mat. The trampette is adjusted at an angle, tilted towards the gymnast, who approaches the trampette at a run. The gymnast jumps onto the trampette and performs a somersault, landing on the mat. Part of the TeamGym trampette program is performed with a vaulting apparatus, which is positioned between the trampette and the mat.

Trampette programs are performed to music. Each team completes three consecutive rounds. During each round, six gymnasts perform one run each. At least one round is performed using the vaulting apparatus. Each athlete closely follows the previous athlete without pause, making for a high-speed program. This is referred to as "streaming".

There are two components of this section of this programme. Vault with the trampette and trampette on its own. Six gymnasts perform each run and they use a technique known as 'streaming' which means performing very close together e.g. one person hits the trampette and the next starts running. At least one of the three total runs that the gymnasts make, must be a vault run. Generally the first round is chosen for each individual gymnast to perform the same move.

Beginners usually start with simple jumps, such as the straight, tuck, star, straddle and pike jumps. Intermediate moves include dive rolls, tuck front, pike front, and straight front somersaults, while advanced moves include straight halves, straight fulls and doubles. Backward moves such as tuck backs, straight backs or whip backs are not usually performed on a trampette because the gymnast approaches the trampette at a forward run, making it difficult to land such moves.

Tumbling

Again, here there are three runs (rounds) involved. One of which has to include all six gymnasts doing a forwards series. Another run also has to include the gymnasts completing the same move. Each series must have at least three different acrobatic elements.

European TeamGym Championships

Not to be confused with European Team Gymnastics Championships.

The European TeamGym Championships, previously known as the Euroteam Championships,[3] is a competition organized by the European Union of Gymnastics in the sport of TeamGym.

Championships and results

Men Women Mixed
Year Ed. Host Gold Silver Bronze Gold Silver Bronze Gold Silver Bronze
1996 I Finland Jyväskylä  Sweden  Denmark  Sweden  Sweden  Estonia  Germany  Denmark  Finland  Sweden
1998 II Denmark Odense  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark  Germany  Sweden  Finland  Czech Republic  Denmark  Czech Republic
2000 III United Kingdom Birmingham  Denmark  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark  Denmark  Germany  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark
2002 IV France Châlons-en-Champagne  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark  Denmark  Sweden  Sweden  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark
2004 V Austria Dornbirn  Denmark  Sweden  Norway  Norway  Sweden  Denmark  Denmark  Sweden  Norway
2006 VI Czech Republic Ostrava  Denmark  Denmark  Sweden  Sweden  Iceland  Denmark  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark
2008 VII Belgium Ghent  Denmark  Denmark  Sweden  Sweden  Iceland  Denmark  Denmark  Norway  Sweden
2010 VIII Sweden Malmö  Denmark  Sweden  Norway  Iceland  Sweden  Norway  Norway  Sweden  Denmark
2012 IX Denmark Aarhus  Denmark  Sweden  Norway  Iceland  Sweden  Finland  Denmark  Norway  Sweden
2014 X Iceland Reykjavík  Denmark  Sweden  Norway  Sweden  Iceland  Denmark  Denmark  Norway  Sweden
2016 XI Slovenia Maribor  Denmark  Sweden  Norway  Sweden  Iceland  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark  Iceland
2018 XII Portugal Lisbon  Denmark  Sweden  Norway  Sweden  Iceland  Denmark  Sweden  Denmark  Iceland
2020 XIII Denmark Copenhagen
2022 XIV Luxembourg Luxemburg

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.ueg.org/en/teamgym-ueg
  2. ^ TeamGym, British Gymnastics
  3. ^ "Euroteam 2000 NIA Birmingham - 27th - 28th October 2000".

European TeamGym Championships external links