Teletoon
Teletoon 2011.PNG
Current logo used since 2011
CountryCanada
Broadcast areaNationwide
HeadquartersToronto, Ontario
Programming
Language(s)English
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 480i letterbox for the SDTV feed)
Timeshift serviceTeletoon East
Teletoon West
Ownership
OwnerCorus Entertainment
ParentTeletoon Canada, Inc.
Sister channelsTélétoon
Adult Swim
Cartoon Network
History
LaunchedOctober 17, 1997; 24 years ago (1997-10-17)
Links
WebsiteTeletoon
Availability
Streaming media
StackTVInternet Protocol television

Teletoon (stylized as TELETOON) is a Canadian English language specialty channel owned by Teletoon Canada, Inc., a subsidiary of Corus Entertainment. Its name is a portmanteau of "television" and "cartoon". The channel primarily broadcasts animated series aimed at children and teenagers.

Teletoon operates two timeshift feeds running on Eastern and Pacific schedules. Along with its French-language counterpart Télétoon, it is available in over 7.3 million households in Canada as of November 2013.[1]

History

In 1997, Teletoon was licensed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC)[2][3] after a related application for a channel to be called "Fun TV" had been denied.[4] The channel was launched on October 17, 1997,[5][6] with the first episode of Caillou called “Caillou Makes Cookies” as a first show/episode to air.[7] At the time, it used the subtitle The Animation Station with It's Unreal! as its slogan, and It's Time To Twist! as its short lived slogan from 1999 to 2000, similar to how The Comedy Network did the slogan Time Well Wasted from 1997 to 2011. The latter slogan has been used during the channel's pre-launch[8] but it would be rarely used again until 1998. In 2000, it would become the channel's only slogan.[9]

The channel was originally owned by a consortium made up of various other 1990s Canadian specialty services and producers: Family Channel acting as managing partner at 53.3% (Superchannel/WIC and The Movie Network/Astral Media), YTV at 26.7%, (Shaw Communications), Cinar, and Nelvana with 10% each.[10]

On March 4, 2013, Corus Entertainment announced that they would buy Astral's stake in Teletoon and take full ownership of the channel. The purchase was in relation to Bell Media's takeover of Astral (which had earlier been rejected by the CRTC in October 2012, but was restructured to allow the sale of certain Astral Media properties in order to allow the purchase to clear regulatory hurdles).[11] Corus's purchase was cleared by the Competition Bureau two weeks later on March 18;[12] on December 20, 2013, the CRTC approved Corus's full ownership of Teletoon[13] and ownership was transferred on January 1, 2014.[14] The channel continues to be owned by Teletoon Canada, now wholly owned by Corus Entertainment under its Corus Kids division.[15][16]

Programming

Main article: List of programs broadcast by Teletoon

Teletoon's license originally required that 90% of all programs on the channel be animated.[17] Teletoon previously aired preschool-oriented programming, which was day-parted from 4:00 a.m.- 3:00 p.m.[18]

In 2013, after Astral Media's stake in TELETOON Canada Inc. was purchased by Corus Entertainment, several of Teletoon's original and acquired shows began airing on YTV. In turn, Teletoon began airing anime series that aired on YTV, including Yu-Gi-Oh!, beginning with Yu-Gi-Oh! Zexal II, and Pokémon, beginning with XY and reruns of Pokémon: Advanced.[19][20][21]

Since its inception, Teletoon has acquired numerous television series from the U.S.-based Cartoon Network and its late night block, Adult Swim. From September 1, 2015 to Fall 2016, original programming from the American channel was moved over to its Canadian counterpart.[22] Around the same time, several "retro" programs airing on Teletoon Retro, which closed down on the same date, began airing on Teletoon.[23] Teletoon would also premiere new original programming from Cartoon Network's sister channel, Boomerang.

On April 1, 2019, following the relaunch of Action as a full-time Adult Swim channel, Teletoon's adult-oriented programs were moved to Adult Swim; with Teletoon shifting to family-oriented programming.[24]

Original series

At its inception in 1996, the channel had a stated goal of producing 78 half-hours of original content every year, and it has been active in commissioning programming since then.[25] The licence granted by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) in 1996 required a gradual increase in the portion of Canadian programming on the schedule by about five percent each year starting from 40% in its first year of operation to 60% by 2002.[17] In 1998, network management decided to focus on renewals instead of new shows—adopting a more cautious strategy than launching a significant number of new series, as it had in the prior year.[26] By 2001, however, the station was noted as possibly being the Canadian channel with the highest spending on original production, having invested in 98 series, including 225 half-hour episodes that fall season.[27]

Years of use

As a bilingual service, Teletoon/Télétoon maintains two separate broadcast feeds, with a single licence for the English and French-language channels. It is one of only two Canadian specialty services with such a licence.[28] At the original licensing hearing before the CRTC, the network's operators had stated that the two channels "would be similar in nature and programmed with a similar attitude towards them. But for the reasons of rights availability, for the reasons of the question of advertising to children in Québec and for the reason of dealing with the differences in the market, there might be variations in the services offered."[17] To this end, the station implemented a requirement that all original programming be delivered in both languages.[29] By 2007, however, this condition had been relaxed to apply "whenever possible",[30] and over the following years some original series were only shown on one of the channels.

Notable programming blocks

Branding history

From 1998 to 1999, Teletoon was airing bumpers with its first mascot, "Teletina".[35][36] These bumpers were made by Spin Productions in Toronto. Several more bumpers using CGI animation made by Guru Studio[37] subsequently premiered on the channel. An updated look for the channel was unveiled, along with a new logo,[38] for a partial rebranding in 2005.[39]

Related services

On November 24, 2000, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved multiple applications from Teletoon Canada Inc. to launch six Category 2 television channels named Teletoon Action, Teletoon Adult, Teletoon Art, Teletoon Multi, Teletoon Pop and Teletoon Retro.[40] None of the channels launched and their broadcast licenses expired on November 24, 2004.[41] The Teletoon Retro concept would later be revived under a different license.

Current

Télétoon

Main article: Télétoon

Télétoon is the French counterpart to Teletoon which broadcasts most of the shows from its English counterpart in French.

Cartoon Network

Main article: Cartoon Network (Canadian TV channel)

On November 4, 2011, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved an application from Teletoon to launch Teletoon Kapow!, a Category B digital cable and satellite channel devoted "programming from international markets, featuring the latest trends in non-violent action, adventure, superheroes, comedy and interactivity."[42] On February 2, 2012, Teletoon announced that it would launch a local Cartoon Network channel in Canada.[43] It debuted using the Teletoon Kapow! license on July 4, 2012.[44]

As of September 1, 2015, Cartoon Network operates under the broadcast license originally granted for Teletoon Retro.[45] Corus then had the Teletoon Kapow! license revoked on October 2, 2015.[46]

Teletoon+

Teletoon+ is a subscription video on demand service which launched September 1, 2022 on Amazon Prime Video Channels. It replaces Corus's previous Nick+ service (which was a streaming counterpart to its Nickelodeon channel), and features Cartoon Network/Warner Bros. library content.[47]

Former

Teletoon Retro

Main articles: Teletoon Retro and Télétoon Rétro

Teletoon Retro was a Category B digital cable and satellite channel that debuted in Fall 2007, and was named after a program block that featured classic animated series. Shows seen on the channel included The Tom and Jerry Show, The Bugs Bunny & Tweety Show, Scooby-Doo, The Flintstones, The Raccoons, The Jetsons, The Pink Panther, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, Inspector Gadget, and Gumby; several classic films also aired on it.

The channel was discontinued on September 1, 2015, with Disney Channel Canada (on Bell Aliant, Bell Satellite TV, EastLink, Telus Optik TV, VMedia, Vidéotron, MTS, Bell Fibe TV, NorthernTel, Novus, and Zazeen), or Cartoon Network (on Shaw Direct/Shaw Cable, Rogers Cable, SaskTel, and Westman Communications) taking over its slot on several aforementioned providers. In the years since, Teletoon has aired classic programming during non-peak viewing hours.

Teletoon at Night

Main article: Teletoon at Night

Launched in September 2002 as "The Detour on Teletoon", the block is an amalgamation of it and "Teletoon Unleashed", an adult programming block. Its French counterpart, Télétoon la nuit, airs on the Francophone Télétoon channel. In September 2009, the block was relaunched under its current name with an overhaul of its appearance.

In March 2019, with the pending launch of the Adult Swim channel on April 1, 2019, it was announced that the block would be discontinued.[48]

References

  1. ^ "TELETOON Canada Inc. | TELETOON Canada's Comedy-Filled Lineup Delivers Warm Laughter this Winter". Newswire.ca. November 27, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "News Briefs". Kidscreen. Toronto: Brunico Communications. October 1, 1997. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015.
  3. ^ Decision CRTC 96-598 CRTC September 4, 1996
  4. ^ Vale, Allison (December 20, 2013). "Fight for specialties resumes". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014.
  5. ^ "La majorité des séries sur Télétoon sont canadiennes - L'Express". Lexpress.to. July 11, 2006. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  6. ^ "Teletoon". Canadian Communications Foundation. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  7. ^ "CORPORATION CINAR CÉLÈBRE LE 5e ANNIVERSAIRE DE CAILLOU À LA TÉLÉVISION" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 14, 2003. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  8. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Teletoon - pre-launch promo (1997)". YouTube.
  9. ^ "Teletoon / Télétoon". October 12, 1999. Archived from the original on October 12, 1999. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "TELETOON - Fact Sheet". Archived from the original on March 28, 1997. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  11. ^ BCE to sell assets to Corus as part of Astral deal, The Globe and Mail (via Reuters and The Canadian Press), March 4, 2013.
  12. ^ The Canadian Press (uncredited staff) (March 18, 2013). "Competition Bureau clears Corus acquisition of Astral assets". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  13. ^ Vlessing, Etan (December 20, 2013). "CRTC approves Corus purchase of Teletoon, Historia and Series+". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on December 23, 2013.
  14. ^ "Press Release - Corus Entertainment Completes Purchase of Historia, Séries+ and TELETOON Canada Inc". Corusent.com. January 1, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  15. ^ "Ownership Chart 32b" (PDF). Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  16. ^ Dickson, Jeremy (February 10, 2014). "Corus unveils Teletoon integration plan". Kidscreen. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014.
  17. ^ a b c "ARCHIVED - Decision CRTC 96-598". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. September 4, 1996.
  18. ^ "TELETOON - TV Guide". Teletoon.com. Archived from the original on December 24, 1997. PRE-SCHOOL Mon-Fri 4:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
  19. ^ "Yu-Gi-Oh! Zexal premieres on Teletoon on Sunday". May 3, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  20. ^ "Full episodes and TV Listings- Zap2it.com". Tvschedule.zap2it.com. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  21. ^ "SCHEDULE - teletoon.com". Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  22. ^ "FAQ - teletoon.com".
  23. ^ "Channel Guide | TELETOON RETRO". Archived from the original on August 13, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  24. ^ First Ever 24-Hour Adult Swim Channel Coming to Canada This Spring Newswire 2019-03-04
  25. ^ "Special Report: Specialty Channels: At the gate TELETOON". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. September 23, 1996. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015.
  26. ^ Binning, Cheryl (November 2, 1998). "Private 'casters vs. spec for kid ratings". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014.
  27. ^ "Fall brings more choice to TV dial". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. June 25, 2001. Archived from the original on September 24, 2014.
  28. ^ Individual Pay Television, Pay-Per-View, Video-on-Demand and Specialty Services (Report). Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission.
  29. ^ Edwards, Ian (January 26, 1998). "Tier 3: The List". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015.
  30. ^ Stuart, Leigh (October 29, 2007). "The evolution of a multi-screen animation destination". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015.
  31. ^ "Teletoon Mail Archive April 1999 - 5th Letter". Archived from the original on May 22, 2001.
  32. ^ "Teletoon Mail Archive March 1998 - Last Letter". Archived from the original on May 22, 2001.
  33. ^ "November 2014 Programming Highlights TELETOON, TELETOON at Night, TELETOON RETRO". corusent.com. Corus Entertainment. October 23, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  34. ^ "TELETOON Goes Back To Cool This Fall!" (Press release). September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  35. ^ "Spin Takes Teletina to 3D For Teletoon". Animationmagazine.net. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  36. ^ "Teletoon Mail Archive January 2000 - 4th Letter". Archived from the original on April 29, 2001.
  37. ^ "Teletoon Idents | Commercials & Shorts". Guru Studio. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  38. ^ "Louis-Martin Duval". Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  39. ^ "Buzz Image - Commercials". Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  40. ^ "ARCHIVED - Decisions CRTC 2000-470 to 2000-731". CRTC. November 24, 2000. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  41. ^ "ARCHIVED - Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2003-599". CRTC. December 16, 2003. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  42. ^ "ARCHIVED - Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2011-687". CRTC. November 4, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  43. ^ Vlessing, Etan (February 2, 2012). "Teletoon bringing Cartoon Network to Canada". Media In Canada. Brunico Communications. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  44. ^ "Individual Discretionary and On-Demand Services - Statistical and Financial Summaries 2012-2016 - Cartoon Network (formerly TELETOON Kapow!)". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  45. ^ "Corus ownership chart" (PDF). CRTC. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  46. ^ "Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2015-451". CRTC. October 2, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  47. ^ Lang, Jamie (August 30, 2022). "Corus Is Rebranding Nick+ As Teletoon+ And Will Focus On Warner Bros. And Cartoon Network Series". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved September 1, 2022.
  48. ^ "First Ever 24-Hour Adult Swim Channel Coming To Canada Next Month". ScreenRant. March 4, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.