Temerloh
تمرلوه
淡马鲁
தெமர்லோ
Town
Temerloh Town
Temerloh Town
Official seal of Temerloh تمرلوه 淡马鲁 தெமர்லோ
CountryMalaysia
StatePahang Darul Makmur
DistrictTemerloh District
Establishment1889
Granted municipality status15 January 1997[1]
Government
 • BodyTemerloh Municipal Council
 • PresidentJezlily Bt Jamaluddin[2]
Area
 • Total2,251 km2 (869 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total158,724
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Postcode
28xxx
Telephone area code+60-09
MPsIsmail Mohamed Said (BN)
Mohd Anuar Tahir (PH)
Websitempt.gov.my

Temerloh is a municipality in central Pahang, Malaysia. Temerloh has been proved to be the "centre of Peninsular Malaysia" (Malay: Titik Tengah Semenanjung Malaysia) 3TS, which is situated at Kampung Paya Siput, Lanchang.[4] Located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) from Kuala Lumpur along the Kuantan–Kuala Lumpur trunk road, Temerloh is the second largest town in Pahang after Kuantan, the state capital. It is situated at the junction of the Pahang River and the Semantan River. Today, Temerloh usually refers to the territory under the administration of Temerloh Municipal Council which includes Mentakab, Lanchang, Kuala Krau and Kerdau.

An old town with some colonial buildings and shop houses, the town has prospered in recent years as a transport hub and new industrial centre. There have been many new commercial and industrial hubs built in Temerloh in recent years. Cutting travel time in half, the newly completed East Coast Expressway links the town to Kuala Lumpur and Kuantan and adds to the growth of Temerloh.

Etymology

The town was once called Kuala Semantan as it is situated at the Semantan River's confluence. The name Temerloh was derived from the Pahang Malay mereloh meaning sleep. It is said[by whom?] that Temerloh came about when a group of Minangkabau settlers, who came there to settle, noticed an Orang Asli (aborigine) who slept (mereloh) all day without a care in the world. Perhaps as a mark of amazement on such lazy conduct and perhaps for lack of other names, or probably just in jest, he then called the settlement Temerloh. Another more plausible theory claims the town's name is derived from the sleep place of Orang Asli which is called Tempat Mereloh. As the word Tempat Mereloh is hard to pronounce, the Minangkabau settlers shortened it to Temerloh as it is easier to pronounce.

Climate

Temerloh has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with no distinct seasons. Temperatures remain hot year round with warm nights. Precipitation peaks during the months of October to December.

Climate data for Temerloh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.8
(91.0)
35.0
(95.0)
35.6
(96.1)
36.1
(97.0)
35.6
(96.1)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
33.9
(93.0)
33.3
(91.9)
36.1
(97.0)
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
31.1
(88.0)
32.2
(90.0)
32.8
(91.0)
32.8
(91.0)
32.2
(90.0)
32.2
(90.0)
32.2
(90.0)
32.2
(90.0)
31.7
(89.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86.0)
31.6
(88.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
26.4
(79.5)
27.2
(81.0)
27.8
(82.0)
27.8
(82.0)
27.5
(81.5)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79.0)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
21.7
(71.1)
22.2
(72.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.4
(72.3)
Record low °C (°F) 17.8
(64.0)
18.9
(66.0)
19.4
(66.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66.0)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
18.3
(64.9)
17.8
(64.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 198.1
(7.80)
99.1
(3.90)
152.4
(6.00)
193.0
(7.60)
167.6
(6.60)
109.2
(4.30)
86.4
(3.40)
142.2
(5.60)
165.1
(6.50)
236.2
(9.30)
246.4
(9.70)
256.6
(10.10)
2,052
(80.79)
Source: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[5]

History

Damaged Temerloh bridge during 1971/72 flood.
Damaged Temerloh bridge during 1971/72 flood.

According to Haji Zakaria Hitam, the modern-day Temerloh developed from a small settlement called Kuala Semantan. Kuala Semantan was actually a small old village at the bank of Semantan River. According to the folk story, the name Semantan came from the words Seman Tahan. Osman, or Seman Tahan as the villagers called him, is a Bruneian who settled at the small river connected to Pahang River. He mastered the martial art of silat, thus many people came all the way and settled here to learn silat from him. As Seman Tahan became popular among the villagers, they named the river Seman Tahan River. Thus, the town near the river was called Kuala Seman Tahan (kuala in Malay means 'river confluence'). The name Seman Tahan gradually became Semantan.

The Temerloh district, on the other hand was established on July 1, 1889, when J. P. Rodger, the first Pahang Resident divided Pahang state into six smaller administration areas (districts): Pekan, Rompin, Kuala Pahang, Kuantan, Temerloh and Hulu Pahang. The capital of Temerloh district then (1 July 1889) was Kuala Semantan. As Kuala Semantan begin to develop rapidly, the name Kuala Semantan was thought unsuitable as the kuala only refers to the river confluence. Hence, Kuala Semantan changed its name to Temerloh. Before the British colonization, Temerloh was governed by several headvillagers (village level) and Orang Besar (dignitaries) under the Pahang's administration of the Orang Besar System. The Temerloh people (then) were mainly Malay and Orang Asli; however, there were also small groups of Chinese and Arabs there.

Demographics

The following is based on the Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census.[3]

Ethnic groups in Temerloh Municipal Council, 2010

census

Ethnicity Population Percentage
Bumiputera 120,154 75.7%
Chinese 25,078 15.8%
Indian 12,380 7.8%
Others 1,111 0.7%

Infrastructure

Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Hospital.
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Hospital.

Temerloh is well-connected to Kuala Lumpur and Kuantan via the East Coast Expressway and the Karak Expressway. These expressways also link Temerloh to other major towns in Pahang such as Maran, Karak and Bentong. The new state-of-the-art Hospital Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah serves as the main hospital in Central Pahang apart from Hospital Mentakab and Hospital Jengka. To cater to various sports activities such as athletics and field games, Temerloh Stadium was built and is usually fully utilized during the weekends. There are many shopping places in Temerloh: The Store, Lurah Semantan, Seri Semantan, Bazaar Temerloh, and others. The East Coast Expressway project includes the Sultan Ahmad Shah II Bridge in Temerloh. It crosses the Pahang River, the longest river in west Malaysia.

Hotel Green Park, one of the best hotels in Temerloh, is the tallest building in the town.

Temerloh Mini Stadium is home to match Malaysia Premier League and FAM Cup League Malaysia for the team Pahang FA and Shahzan Muda FC

Tourism

Temerloh has been proved to be the "centre of Peninsular Malaysia" (Malay: Titik Tengah Semenanjung Malaysia) which is situated at Kampung Paya Siput, Lanchang. Temerloh town sits at the confluence of the Pahang and Semantan Rivers, which is why it is rich with freshwater fish such as Patin (Pangasius), Jelawat (Leptobarbus hoevenii), Baung (Hemibagrus nemurus) , Tenggalan (Puntioplites bulu), Lampam (Barbonymus sp ) , Belida (Chitala lopis) , Tilapia and Kerai (Hypsibarbus wetmorei) . As the home of the Patin fish, the Temerloh people have dishes that bring out the taste of the fish. Located along the town's riverside, the Sunday bazaar, Pekan Sehari, is a place where a wide range of commodities are sold at a reasonable price. The Pekan Sehari is said to be the longest and biggest in the whole of Pahang. The sellers normally come by riverboat early in the morning, and take their place before the customers arrive about 7:00 in the morning. Sunday mornings are busy when boats come and go ferrying passengers and goods to the Pekan Sehari.

Raft house on Sungai Pahang near Temerloh town.
Raft house on Sungai Pahang near Temerloh town.

Apart from its variety of fish, the town of Temerloh also offers a variety of jungle and wild-life experiences. The Kuala Krau Wildlife Reserve, a virgin forest reserve with untouched flora and fauna, is also where you can find the Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Centre and the Seladang Breeding Center. Gunung Senyum Recreational Forest, a paradise for nature and cave lovers is just about 20 kilometres (12 mi) away. Located at Bukit Rengit, Lanchang, the Deerland Park features not only deer, allowing visitors to feed, touch, and learn about them, but also other animals such as ostrich, peacock, tuna deer,[clarification needed] nilgai (India) and wood duck (Canada). Home to the albino monkey, porcupine, black leopard, civet, the Malayan gharial crocodile and alligators, the town's mini zoo covers over 1.5 hectares (3.7 acres) of land, and is located at Jalan Bahagia, near Kampung Sungai Rabit. There's also a recreational park located right in the middle of Temerloh town, behind the courthouse, called Taman Bandar (Town Park). Among the facilities provided here are skateboard track, playground, jogging trails and a mini stadium.

Transportation

By road
The old Kuala Lumpur–Kuantan federal highway is the main route serving downtown Temerloh, though motorists now prefer the LPT which links Temerloh all the way to Kuantan and then to Kuala Terengganu.[citation needed] Mentakab is linked to Temerloh by Malaysia Federal Route 87. Temerloh is the northern end of Federal Route 10 which begins in Gemas, Negeri Sembilan and runs almost parallel to the KTMB tracks. Federal Route 98 joins Temerloh to Jerantut, and is the main gateway to northern Pahang.

E-Hailing service at Temerloh – MyCar Temerloh. MyCar allows passengers to find drivers in minutes.

By rail
The nearest train station to Temerloh is Mentakab train station apart from other minor stations which are situated at Sungai Belengu, Kerdau and Kuala Krau. The train service is provided by the KTMB.

By water
The water transportation among the locals still exists especially for those who live on the banks of the Pahang River. Water transportation is a necessity, especially for the farmers to transport their crops as there is no bridge to connect both sides of the river.

Shopping

References

  1. ^ "Background of Temerloh Municipal Council". Majlis Perbandaran Temerloh. 5 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Profil YDP". 5 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b "TABURAN PENDUDUK MENGIKUT PBT & MUKIM 2010". Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Kampung Paya Siput diiktiraf titik tengah Semenanjung".
  5. ^ "Temerloh (Malaysia)" (PDF). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved February 1, 2016.

Coordinates: 3°27′N 102°25′E / 3.450°N 102.417°E / 3.450; 102.417