This template marks strings of text as being Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) content, a reconstructed language theorised to be the origin of the Indo-European languages family.

PIE text features superscript letters and a number of accents. Reconstructed words feature an asterisk before them as a conventional mark. Reconstructed sentences, phrases and paragraphs do not feature an asterisk at the start.

This template does not automatically italicise text; italics markup must be added around the template. As PIE is not English, per MOS:FOREIGNITALIC, PIE text must be italicised.


The PIE template can be used for paragraphs and singular words. For example:


Results in:


An example sentence in this template is:

''((PIE|rēḱs deiwos-kʷe))''

Which results in:

rēḱs deiwos-kʷe

This template may cause problems on longer strings of text; this is because it forces the contents of the template not to wrap, and will instead produce a single long string that extends to the right of the page.

To use this template for more than a few words, add |wrap=normal to allow the template to wrap text like a normal sentence or paragraph.

Post-PIE proto-languages

A number of proto-languages followed PIE, which are not reconstructed. This means that ((lang)) can be used. A number of ISO 639-2 language codes for post-PIE proto-languages are:

A wider list of ISO 639-3 language codes beginning with 'x', many of which are ancient and extinct languages, can be found here.

Template data

This is the TemplateData for this template used by TemplateWizard, VisualEditor and other tools. Click here to see a monthly parameter usage report for this template based on this TemplateData.

TemplateData for PIE

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Template parameters


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See also