Basa Tengger
RegionJava, Indonesia
EthnicityTenggerese people
Native speakers
500,000[1] (2010 census)[2]
Javanese and Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3tes

Tenggerese (sometimes referred to as Tengger Javanese) is a language used by the Tenggerese people in the mountain region of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park which includes Pasuruan Regency, Probolinggo Regency, Malang Regency and Lumajang Regency of East Java, Indonesia.

Linguistically, Tenggerese is considered to be a dialect of Javanese, a Malayo-Polynesian language under the Austronesian language family. Some linguists regard Tenggerese as a descendant of the ancient Kawi language, as it has retained old vocabulary that is no longer used in modern Javanese.[3]


Tenggerese is spoken in regions that are settled by the Tenggerese people in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park area:


A few examples of words in Tenggerese:

Tenggerese language Indonesian language English
reang aku I (for male)
isun aku I (for female)
sira kamu you
rika anda you (for an older person)

When the alphabet "A" is read as "O" in modern Javanese, in Tenggerese it is still read as "A".[4]


  1. ^ "Publication Name". Sp2010.bps.go.id. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  2. ^ Tenggerese at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  3. ^ Dwi Astuti Wahyu Nurhayati 2016, p. 2
  4. ^ Dwi Astuti Wahyu Nurhayati 2016, p. 9