Tetritskaro Municipality
თეთრიწყაროს მუნიციპალიტეტი
Tower Salkhino in Vashlovani
Tower Salkhino in Vashlovani
Flag of Tetritskaro Municipality
Official seal of Tetritskaro Municipality
GEO-KKL-TT.svg
Country Georgia
MkhareKvemo Kartli
Administrative centreTetritsqaro
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyTetritsqaro Municipal Assembly
 • MayorGiorgi Tsiklauri (GD)
Area
 • Total1,174.5 km2 (453.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[2]
 • Total22,485
 • Density19/km2 (50/sq mi)
Population by ethnicity[3]
 • Georgians82,5  %
 • Azerbaijanis7,3 %
 • Armenians7,3 %
 • Russians1,3 %
 • Greeks0,9 %
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)
Websitetetritskaro.gov.ge

Tetritskaro (Georgian: თეთრიწყაროს მუნიციპალიტეტი, Tetrićqaros Municiṕaliťeťi) is a district of Georgia, in the region of Kvemo Kartli. Its main town is Tetritskaro. Tetritskaro municipality is located in the eastern part of Georgia and is a self-governing unit in the Kvemo Kartli region. The municipality is bordered on the east by Gardabani and Marneuli, on the west by Tsalka and Dmanisi, on the north by Kaspi and Mtskheta, and the south by Bolnisi. The area of ​​the municipality is 1 175.5 km2, the minimum altitude is 650 m above sea level, and the maximum altitude where the settlement is located is 1140 m. The administrative center of the municipality - Tetritskaro - is 57 km away from Tbilisi, 60 km from the center of the region - Rustavi - and 7 km from the main railway (Tbilisi-Marabda-Akhalkalaki).

Geography and climatic conditions

Tetritskaro municipality is characterized by mountainous terrain. It is dominated by a moderately humid climate, knows moderately cold winters and long warm summers. The average annual air temperature is 12 °C (in the lowlands) to 2 °C (in the mountains) depending on the zoning. The coldest month of the year, January is 0 °C in the lowlands and -10 °C in the mountains, and the warmest month, July, is 15 °C in the mountains and 24 °C in the lowlands. The average annual rainfall is from 500 mm (in the lowlands) to 900 mm (in the mountains). Precipitation is maximum in May (119 mm) and minimum in December (30 mm).

Frequent hydrographic network in Tetritskaro municipality on the river. Belongs to the Mtkvari basin. Two main rivers are flowing in the territory of the municipality - Algeti and Khrami, two small ones - Vere and Aslanka, the latter join the river Khrami.

The river Algeti originates from Kldekari mountain (Trialeti mountain range), its length is 108 km, and the basin area is 763 km2, it joins the river Mtkvari on the right side. In the middle of the Algeti River, there is an Algeti Reservoir, which is used for irrigation.

The river Khrami (Ktsia) originates in the territory of Tsalka municipality and joins the Mtkvari in the territory of Azerbaijan through Tetritskaro, Bolnisi, Dmanisi, Marneuli territories. Its length is 117 km, the basin area is 6280 km2.

The river Vere originates from the Didgori mountain area, its length is 45 km, the basin area is 194 km2. The river joins the Mtkvari in the vicinity of Tbilisi and is its right tributary. The river Aslanka originates from Beden mountain and its length is 87 km.[4]

Economy and natural resources

Agriculture occupies a leading place in the economy of the municipality. Most of the population is employed in this field. Livestock and plants are the main agricultural activities in the municipality. The municipality is divided into two agricultural zones, where different agricultural products are grown: in the lower zone (villages: Koda, Marabda, Borbalo, Asureti, Georgiashvili, Chkhikvta, Khaishi, Durnuki, Tsintskaro, Goltevi, Daghetzoleg, Marghulo) And vegetables: wheat, corn, potatoes, beans, tomatoes, as well as various fruits.

In the mountain zone (Tetritskaro, D. Manglisi, Chivchavi, Kldeisi, Iraga, Akhalsopeli, Shekhvetila, Toneti, Orbeti) the main leading activities are cattle breeding, as well as growing potatoes, autumn and spring grains.

Tetritskaro municipality is rich in mineral resources, there are basalt, ore, lime, manganese deposits in the municipality. Especially noteworthy is a large amount of basalt stone reserves, the correct use of which can bring great economic benefits to both the local population and the municipal budget, as the fee for mineral extraction is one of the most important sources of budget revenue.[4]

Administrative divisions

Tetritskaro municipality is administratively divided into 19 communities (თემი, temi) with 90 villages (სოფელი, sopeli), 13 of which are unpopulated. There is one urban-type settlement (დაბა, daba) and one city (ქალაკი, kalaki).[1]

In the municipality, 51 settlements were granted the status of a highland settlement, which opens up extra government funds for development and social support.

Population

The population of Tetritskaro Municipality is 22,485 according to the 2021 estimate,[2] which is 6% increase from the last census of 2014 (21,127). The ethnic composition is 82.5% Georgian, 7.3% Azerbaijani, 7.3% Armenian, 1.3% Russian and less than 1% Greek. The population density is 19.1 people per square kilometer. 5,658 people live in urban areas (city Tetritsqaro and daba Manglisi), which is 25% of the municipality.

Population Tetritskaro Municipality
1897 1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 2002[5] 2014 2021
Tsalka Tetritskaro - - - 39,150 Decrease 36,945 Decrease 34,593 Increase 36,432 Decrease 25,354 Decrease 21,127 Increase 22,485
Tetritsqaro [6] - - Increase 2,156 Increase 5,564 Increase 6,896 Increase 7,281 Increase 8,692 Decrease 4,041 Decrease 3,093 Increase 3,960
Manglisi (daba) - 2,883 Increase 3,528 Increase 4,333 Decrease 3,757 Increase 3,797 Increase 4,013 Decrease 2,752 Decrease 1,441 Increase 1,698
Data: Population statistics Georgia 1897 to present.[7][8] Note:[5]

Politics

Tetritsqaro Municipal Assembly (Georgian: თეთრიწყაროს საკრებულო) is the representative body in Tetritsqaro Municipality, consisting of 36 members which are elected every four years. The last election was held in October 2021. Giorgi Tsiklauri of Georgian Dream was elected as mayor.

Party 2017[10] 2021[11] Current Municipal Assembly
  Georgian Dream 29 27                                                      
  United National Movement 3 7            
  For Georgia 1  
  Lelo 1  
  Alliance of Patriots 1
  Democratic Movement 1
  Labour Party 1
Total 35 36  

Historical sites

Samshvilde
Samshvilde

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Main Results of the 2014 Census (Publication)" (PDF). Census.ge, National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat) (in Georgian). 2016-04-28. pp. 333–338. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Demography - Population by cities and boroughs (daba), as of 1 January". National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2021-01-01. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  3. ^ http://pop-stat.mashke.org/georgia-ethnic-loc2014.htm
  4. ^ a b "Თეთრიწყაროს ისტორია".
  5. ^ a b The 2014 census found an inexplicable gap with the data from the national statistical office Geostat. UN-assisted research has found the 2002 census was inflated by about 8-9 percent. See,[9] "1. Introduction", Page 1.
  6. ^ Until 1940 Tetritskaro town was called Aghbulaghi.
  7. ^ "Population divisions of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
  8. ^ "Population cities & towns of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
  9. ^ "Population Dynamics in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
  10. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2017" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. pp. 26–28. Retrieved 2022-03-03.
  11. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2021" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. pp. 33–35. Retrieved 2022-03-03.

Coordinates: 41°33′N 44°28′E / 41.550°N 44.467°E / 41.550; 44.467