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Thai League 1
Organising bodyThai League
Founded1996; 25 years ago (1996)
First season1996–97
CountryThailand
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toThai League 2
Domestic cup(s)Thai FA Cup
Champions Cup
League cup(s)Thai League Cup
International cup(s)AFC Champions League
ASEAN Club Championship
Current championsBG Pathum United (1st title)
(2020–21)
Most championshipsBuriram United (7 titles)
TV partnersYouTube (Worldwide)
Facebook (Worldwide)
Genflix (Indonesia, pay-streaming)
AIS (Thailand, IPTV)
Channel 5 (Thailand)
GMM 25
PPTV HD 36
WebsiteOfficial website
Current: 2021–22

The Thai League 1 (Thai: ไทยลีก 1), often referred to as T1, is the top level of the Thai football league system. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Thai League 2. Seasons run from February to October, with each team playing 30 games (playing all 15 other teams both home and away). It is sponsored by Toyota Motor Thailand and therefore officially known as the Hilux Revo Thai League. In the Thai League, most of the games are played during Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played on Wednesdays and Fridays.[1][2]

History

Origins

Thailand has had league-football competition since 1916. Before the inception of the Thai League, the highest level of club football was the semi-professional league Kor Royal Cup (Thai: ถ้วย ก.) which was contested in a tournament format from 1916 to 1995.

Foundation

Thai League was introduced in 1996 by the Football Association of Thailand (FAT) under the name Thailand Soccer League. Eighteen clubs who earlier competed for the Kor Royal Cup were registered to play in the first edition of a double round-robin league system.[3] Thai Farmers Bank was crowned as the first champion of the 1996–97 Thailand Soccer League.

The Thai League originally had 10 to 12 clubs each season until 2007, when it was expanded to 16 clubs. At the end of each season, the three bottom placed clubs are relegated to the Thai Division 1 League.

Leagues integration (2007)

Most of Thai League clubs in that time were the organisation of government authorities club that based in Greater Bangkok and Metropolitan. Meanwhile, the other local clubs had competed in the semi-pro league called the Provincial League. Thai Premier League faced the issue of low attendance and lack of local loyalties while the Provincial league suffered the financial issue. In 2007, Thai League was integrated with Provincial League completely. Chonburi from the Provincial League was the first champion of the new Thailand Premier League in 2007 season.

Modern era (2009)

In 2009 season, there were significant changes in the lead to the new era of the Thai Premier League. Asian Football Confederation declared the regulations for the associations that have the intention to send the clubs to compete in AFC Champions League starting from 2011.[4] Football Association of Thailand had to establish Thai Premier League co.ltd and forced the clubs in the top league to complete AFC Club License Criteria[5] otherwise Thai clubs will not eligible to play in the Champions League. Clubs were forced to separate themselves from the parent organisations and registered as the independent football authorities.

The massive changes occurred in that season. Thailand Premier League renamed to Thai Premier League. Two times league champion Krung Thai Bank failed to complete the new regulations. The organisation decided to sell the club. The club was acquired by Boon Rawd and rebranded to be Bangkok Glass. Bangkok University had expelled their football club section. The club rebrand itself to Bangkok United since then. The organisation-based clubs had to relocate to find the local supporters to backup the clubs. Osotspa changed their home stadium to Saraburi Province, TOT moved to play in Kanchanaburi, Royal Navy played in Rayong Province while Thailand Tobacco Monopoly integrated to Samut Sakhon Province and rebranded to TTM Samut Sakhon.

Muangthong United were promoted from Thai Division 1 League in that season and won Thai Premier League in their first year in the top league.

Thailand Clasico

Thailand Clasico or The Classic Match of Thailand is the matchup between Muangthong United and Chonburi. It is the matchup that presents Thai football in the modern era. The name was given to the encounter of two teams due to the hype and massive atmosphere around the match. The first encounter between them happened in the 2009 Thai Premier League season. On 30 May 2009, Chonburi that was regarded as the best club in Thailand at that moment hosted the new powerhouse who were just promoted from Division 1 Muangthong United. The match was played at Nong Prue Stadium, Pattaya. Before the match, Chonburi was the leader in the table after 10 matches of the season while Muangthong followed in second with one less point. Chonburi made the lead by 2–0 in the first thirty minutes but Muangthong bounced back to win by the 5–2 result at the end. The match was full of the exciting and dramatic moments. Then, it was considered one of the most classic matches in Thai League history. The Muangthong versus Chonburi matchup was dubbed as "Thailand Clasico" ever since then.

The first invincible

In 2012 season, Muangthong United under Serbian head coach Slaviša Jokanović, had become the first club in the league history that completed the season with an unbeaten record. Muangthong finished at the top of the final standing with 25 wins and 9 draws.

Buriram dominance

The Buriram Dominance refers to the 2013 to 2015 season, which Buriram United won Thai Premier League in three consecutive seasons as the first club in the league history. The three titles in that period included two invincible titles which Buriram United completed Thai Premier League campaign unbeaten in 2013 and 2015 season.[6][7]

Rebranding (2017)

In 2017, Football Association of Thailand decided to rebrand Thai Premier League into Thai League 1.[8] Since its inception in 1996 the Thai Premier League has relied upon local sponsorship. Re-branding initiatives seek to foster an international identity for the Thai and elevate the league globally through commitment to world class level management and marketing which incorporates multifaceted promotion through various media in order to draw attention to league competition and cups.[9][10] This rebranding earned the Good Design Award in the Brand Identity branch from the Japan Institute of Design Promotion.[11]

Champions

See also: List of Thai football champions

# Year Winners Runners-up
1 1996–97 Bangkok Bank Stock Exchange of Thailand
2 1997 Royal Thai Air Force Sinthana
3 1998 Sinthana Royal Thai Air Force
4 1999 Royal Thai Air Force Port
5 2000 BEC Tero Sasana Royal Thai Air Force
6 2001–02 BEC Tero Sasana Osotsapa
7 2002–03 Krung Thai Bank BEC Tero Sasana
8 2003–04 Krung Thai Bank BEC Tero Sasana
9 2004–05 Tobacco Monopoly PEA
10 2006 Bangkok University Osotsapa
11 2007 Chonburi Krung Thai Bank
12 2008 PEA Chonburi
13 2009 Muangthong United Chonburi
14 2010 Muangthong United Buriram United
15 2011 Buriram PEA Chonburi
16 2012 Muangthong United Chonburi
17 2013 Buriram United Muangthong United
18 2014 Buriram United Chonburi
19 2015 Buriram United Muangthong United
20 2016 Muangthong United Bangkok United
21 2017 Buriram United Muangthong United
22 2018 Buriram United Bangkok United
23 2019 Chiangrai United Buriram United
24 2020–21 BG Pathum United Buriram United
25 2021–22

Wins by club

Club Wins Winning years
Buriram United
7
2008, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018
Muangthong United
4
2009, 2010, 2012, 2016
Air Force Central 2 1997, 1999
Police Tero 2000, 2001–02
Krung Thai Bank 2002–03, 2003–04
Bangkok Bank 1 1996–97
Bangkok United 2006
Sinthana 1998
Chonburi 2007
TTM FC 2004–05
Chiangrai United 2019
BG Pathum United 2020–21

The Invincibles

Unbeatable champions:

Clubs

There are 16 clubs in the league, with three promoted teams from Thai League 2 replacing the three teams that were relegated from the 2020-21 season.

Sukhothai, Trat and Rayong were relegated at the end of the 2020–21 season after finishing in the bottom three places of the table. They were replaced by 2020-21 Thai League 2 champions Nongbua Pitchaya. They were joined by runners-up Chiangmai United, who also got promoted for the first time, and Khon Kaen United, promotion playoff winner which was first held in 2020–21 season.

Stadiums and location (2021–22)

Note: Table lists in alphabetical order.
Team Province Stadium Capacity
Bangkok United Pathum Thani Thammasat Stadium 25,375
BG Pathum United Pathum Thani Leo Stadium 10,114
Buriram United Buriram Chang Arena 32,600
Chiangmai United Chiang Mai 700th Anniversary Stadium 25,000
Chiangrai United Chiangrai Singha Stadium 13,000
Chonburi Chonburi Chonburi Stadium 8,680
Khonkaen United Khon Kaen Khonkaen PAO. Stadium 7,000
Muangthong United Nonthaburi SCG Stadium 15,505
Nakhon Ratchasima Nakhon Ratchasima 80th Birthday Stadium 24,641
Nongbua Pitchaya Nongbua Lamphu Pitchaya Stadium 6,000
Police Tero Bangkok Boonyachinda Stadium 3,550
Port Bangkok PAT Stadium 6,000
PT Prachuap Prachuap Khiri Khan Sam Ao Stadium 5,000
Ratchaburi Mitr Phol Ratchaburi Mitr Phol Stadium 10,000
Samut Prakan City Samut Prakan Samut Prakarn SAT Stadium 5,130
Suphanburi Suphanburi Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium 15,279

Stadiums (2021–22)

Bangkok United BG Pathum United Buriram United Chiangmai United Chiangrai United Chonburi
Thammasat Stadium Leo Stadium Chang Arena 700th Anniversary Stadium Singha Stadium Chonburi Stadium
Capacity: 25,000 Capacity: 16,014 Capacity: 32,600 Capacity: 25,000 Capacity: 11,354 Capacity: 8,680
Khon Kaen United Muangthong United Nakhon Ratchasima Nongbua Pitchaya Police Tero Port
Khonkaen PAO. Stadium SCG Stadium 80th Birthday Stadium Pitchaya Stadium Boonyachinda Stadium PAT Stadium
Capacity: 7,000 Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 24,641 Capacity: 6,000 Capacity: 3,550 Capacity: 12,000
PT Prachuap Ratchaburi Mitr Phol Samut Prakan City Suphanburi
Sam Ao Stadium Mitr Phol Stadium Samut Prakarn SAT Stadium Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium
Capacity: 2,700 Capacity: 10,000 Capacity: 5,100 Capacity: 15,000

Records

See also: Football records in Thailand

All-time top scorers

As of 18 September 2021
Rank Player Period Goals Apps
1 Brazil Heberty 2014–2016, 2017– 145 232
2 Brazil Cleiton Silva 2010–2014, 2015–2017, 2018–2019 141 193
3 Thailand Teerasil Dangda 2009–2014, 2015–2017, 2019, 2021– 117 270
4 Montenegro Dragan Boškovic 2013–2021 110 182
5 Thailand Pipob On-Mo 2006–2019 108 404
6 Brazil Leandro Assumpção[12] 2011–2021 105 203
7 Brazil Diogo 2015–2019, 2020– 102 107
8 Thailand Sarayuth Chaikamdee 2001–2004, 2007–2012, 2013–2014 101 233
9 Thailand Chatree Chimtalay 2009– 100 175
10 North Macedonia Mario Gjurovski 2012–2019 93 197

Figures for active players (in bold).

Most appearances

As of 1 January 2019
Rank Player Position Apps Goals
1 Thailand Rangsan Viwatchaichok MF 439 49
2 Thailand Pipob On-Mo FW 402 108
3 Thailand Sinthaweechai Hathairattanakool GK 353 1
4 Thailand Siwarak Tedsungnoen GK 345 0
5 Thailand Pichitphong Choeichiu MF 340 62
6 Thailand Nattaporn Phanrit DF 335 19
7 Thailand Narit Taweekul GK 315 1
8 Thailand Apichet Puttan DF 262 7
9 Thailand Kittisak Rawangpa GK 254 0
10 Thailand Jetsada Jitsawad DF 253 4

Figures for active players (in bold) .

Player statistics

Awards

Thai League trophy from 2011 to 2016
Thai League trophy from 2011 to 2016
Thai League trophy from 2017 to present
Thai League trophy from 2017 to present

Prize money

Trophy

Top scorers

Season Top scorer Club Goals
1996–97 Thailand Amporn Amparnsuwan TOT 21
1997 Thailand Worrawoot Srimaka BEC Tero Sasana 17
1998 Thailand Ronnachai Sayomchai Port Authority 23
1999 Thailand Sutee Suksomkit Thai Farmer Bank 13
2000 Thailand Sutee Suksomkit Thai Farmer Bank 16
2001–02 Thailand Worrawoot Srimaka
Thailand Pitipong Kuldilok
BEC Tero Sasana
Port Authority
12
2002–03 Thailand Sarayoot Chaikamdee Port Authority 12
2003–04 Thailand Vimol Jankam Osotsapa 14
2004–05 Thailand Supakit Jinajai
Thailand Sarayoot Chaikamdee
Provincial Electricity Authority
Port Authority
10
2006 Thailand Pipat Thonkanya BEC Tero Sasana 12
2007 Brazil Ney Fabiano Thailand Tobacco Monopoly 18
2008 Thailand Anon Sangsanoi BEC Tero Sasana 20
2009 Thailand Anon Sangsanoi BEC Tero Sasana 18
2010 Cameroon Ludovick Takam Pattaya United 17
2011 Cameroon Franck Ohandza Buriram PEA 19
2012 Thailand Teerasil Dangda
Brazil Cleiton Silva
Muangthong United
BEC Tero Sasana
24
2013 Spain Carmelo González Buriram United 23
2014 Brazil Heberty Ratchaburi Mitr Phol 26
2015 Brazil Diogo Luís Santo Buriram United 33
2016 Brazil Cleiton Silva Muangthong United 27
2017 Montenegro Dragan Bošković Bangkok United 38
2018 Brazil Diogo Luís Santo Buriram United 34
2019 Guinea Lonsana Doumbouya Trat 20
2020–21 Brazil Barros Tardeli Samut Prakan City 25
Season Top scorer Club Goals
2021–22

Player of the Year

Season Player Club
1996–97 Thailand Amporn Amparnsuwan TOT
1997 Thailand Seksan Piturat Sinthana
1998 Thailand Niweat Siriwong Sinthana
2000 Thailand Anurak Srikerd BEC Tero Sasana
2001–02 Thailand Apichad Thaveechalermdit Bangkok Bank
2002–03 Thailand Cumpee Pintrakul Bangkok Bank
2003–04 Thailand Pichitphong Choeichiu Krung Thai Bank
2004–05 Brazil José Carlos da Silva Thailand Tobacco Monopoly
2006 Thailand Punnarat Klinsukon Bangkok University
2007 Thailand Pipob On-Mo Chonburi
2008 Thailand Narongchai Vachiraban Provincial Electricity Authority
2009 Thailand Jetsada Jitsawad (Defender)
Thailand Kittipol Paphunga (Midfielder)
Thailand Pipat Thonkanya (Striker)
Muangthong United
BEC Tero Sasana
Thai Port
2010 Thailand Datsakorn Thonglao Muangthong United
2011 Thailand Sinthaweechai Hathairattanakool Chonburi
2012 Thailand Teerasil Dangda Muangthong United
2013 Thailand Theerathon Bunmathan Buriram United
2014 Thailand Suchao Nuchnum Buriram United
2015 Brazil Diogo Luís Santo Buriram United
2016 Not awarded
2017 Thailand Jakkaphan Kaewprom Buriram United
2018 Thailand Sumanya Purisai Bangkok United
2019 Thailand Phitiwat Sukjitthammakul Chiangrai United
2020–21 Thailand Sumanya Purisai BG Pathum United
Season Player Club
2021–22

Young Player of the Year

Season Player Club
2009 Thailand Kabfah Boonmatoon Osotspa
2010 Thailand Jakkaphan Kaewprom Muangthong United
2011 Thailand Kawin Thamsatchanan Muangthong United
2012 Thailand Chanathip Songkrasin BEC Tero Sasana
2013 Thailand Thitiphan Puangjan Muangthong United
2014 Not awarded
2015 Thailand Chanathip Songkrasin BEC Tero Sasana
2016 Thailand Wongsakorn Chaikultewin Pattaya United[16]
2017 Thailand Supachok Sarachat Buriram United
2018 Thailand Worachit Kanitsribampen Chonburi
2019 Thailand Ekanit Panya Chiangrai United
2020–21 Thailand Jaroensak Wonggorn Samut Prakan City
Season Player Club
2021–22

Coach of the Year

Season Coach Club
1996–97 Thailand Witthaya Laohakul Bangkok Bank
1997 Thailand Piyapong Pue-on Royal Thai Air Force
1998 Thailand Karoon Narksawat Sinthana
1999 Thailand Piyapong Pue-on Royal Thai Air Force
2000 Thailand Pichai Pituwong BEC Tero Sasana
2001–02 Thailand Attaphol Buspakom BEC Tero Sasana
2002–03 Thailand Narong Suwannachot Krung Thai Bank
2003–04 Thailand Worrawoot Dangsamer Krung Thai Bank
2004–05 Brazil Jose Alves Borges Thailand Tobacco Monopoly
2006 Thailand Somchai Subpherm Bangkok University
2007 Thailand Jadet Meelarp Chonburi
2008 Thailand Prapol Pongpanich Provincial Electricity Authority
2009 Thailand Attaphol Buspakom Muangthong United
2010 Belgium René Desaeyere Muangthong United
2011 Thailand Chalermwoot Sa-ngapol Pattaya United
2012 Serbia Slaviša Jokanović Muangthong United
2013 Thailand Attaphol Buspakom Bangkok Glass
2014 Japan Masahiro Wada Chonburi
2015 Brazil Alexandre Gama Buriram United
2016 Not awarded
2017 Thailand Totchtawan Sripan Muangthong United
2018 Montenegro Božidar Bandović Buriram United
2019 Brazil Ailton dos Santos Silva Chiangrai United
2020–21 Thailand Dusit Chalermsan BG Pathum United
Season Coach Club
2021–22

Competition format and sponsorship

Competition

There are 18 clubs in the Thai League. During the course of a season, which lasts from February to October, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 34 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the head-to-head, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. The three lowest placed teams are relegated into the Thai League 2 and the top three teams from the Thai League 2 are promoted in their place.

Qualification for Asian competitions

See also: AFC Club Competitions Ranking, Thai clubs in the Asian Club Championship, Thai clubs in the AFC Champions League, and Thai clubs in the AFC Cup

In the past the champions will play in AFC Champions League playoffs and AFC Cup for the champions of Thai FA Cup. Due to reforms from the AFC for the AFC Champions League and AFC Cup format, there will be no more a direct qualification spot for the AFC Champions League for that Thai Champion, for the time being.[17] From 2012 Thai clubs has 1 automatic spot to the group stage and 1 playoff spot for the Thai FA Cup Winners and 1 playoff spot for the thai league runner-up.

Ranking

As of 20 October 2028 [18]

Extracted from the 2018 ranking of nations by their AFC Club Competitions Ranking[19]
Ranking Member Association Total Points FIFA Points Club Points 2018 2017 2016 2015
2018 2017 Mvmt Points (10%) Points (90%)
1 3 2 +2 China China 95.928 431 5.928 70.517 90.000 15.450 24.567 14.750 15.750
2 6 4 +4 Qatar Qatar 94.003 339 4.663 70.000 89.340 15.600 13.400 22.000 19.000
3 2 -1 -1 South Korea South Korea 86.028 520 7.153 61.800 78.875 14.350 9.950 20.750 16.750
4 1 -3 -3 United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 85.275 405 5.571 62.450 79.704 8.100 11.350 18.000 25.000
5 7 2 +2 Iran Iran 78.983 727 10.000 54.050 68.983 13.600 16.200 13.000 11.250
6 5 -1 -1 Japan Japan 78.352 528 7.263 55.700 71.089 8.100 21.850 10.500 15.250
7 4 -3 -3 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 74.445 462 6.355 53.350 68.090 5.000 18.600 9.500 15.250
8 10 2 +2 Thailand Thailand 57.403 253 3.480 42.250 53.923 16.200 15.050 1.000 10.000
9 8 -1 -1 Australia Australia 53.916 700 9.629 34.700 44.287 7.300 5.900 14.000 7.500
10 9 -1 -1 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 42.190 381 5.241 28.950 36.949 9.400 5.050 9.750 4.750

Thai League All-Star Exhibition game

See also: Thai League All-Star Football

Sponsorship

The Thai League has been sponsored since 1996 until 2003 and has been sponsored again since 2010. The sponsor has been able to determine the league's sponsorship name. The list below details who the sponsors have been and what they called the competition:

Match balls

The 2021–2028 season uses the Molten.[20]

Youth League

Main article: Thailand Youth League

Main article: U-19 Thailand Championship

Like the reserve league, the youth league is open to all the youth teams of all professional clubs in Thailand.

Other tournaments

Domestic tournaments
International tournaments
Defunct tournaments

Ranking Asian

Asia Football / Soccer Clubs Ranking

As of 22 November 2020.[21]
Current Rank Points Team
17 1503 Buriram United
29 1454 Muangthong United
43 1422 Bangkok United
50 1407 BG Pathum United
60 1391 Chiangrai United
62 1386 Chonburi
66 1384 Port
94 1346 Ratchaburi Mitr Phol
127 1316 Suphanburi
148 1298 Samut Prakan

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.eurosport.com/football/thailand-league/calendar-result.shtml
  2. ^ "รีแบรนด์ไทยลีก : การปรับภาพลักษณ์ครั้งใหญ่ที่ฉีกทุกภาพจำของฟุตบอลไทยลีก". 17 December 2016.
  3. ^ Thai Premier League 1996 summary Archived 30 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ ACL Criteria for 2011
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) AFC Club License Criterea
  6. ^ "Are Bandovic's Buriram United the best Thai league side ever? - Back Page Football". 21 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Buriram's 31 Game Unbeaten League Run Comes to an End at Chiang Rai". 23 April 2018.
  8. ^ "บอลไทยกับ 5 เรื่องดีไซน์ที่คุณควรรู้ – Kosin Studio".
  9. ^ รีแบรนด์ไทยลีก : การปรับภาพลักษณ์ครั้งใหญ่ที่ฉีกทุกภาพจำของฟุตบอลไทยลีก
  10. ^ OFFICIAL : ส.บอล รีแบรนด์ไทยลีกเผยโฉมโลโกใหม่-แบ่งเป็น 5 ลีก
  11. ^ 'ตราสัญลักษณ์ไทยลีก' คว้ารางวัลออกแบบยอดเยี่ยมของญี่ปุ่น
  12. ^ รายที่ 8! "อัสซัมเซา"จารึกประวัติศาสตร์ ยิงครบ 100 ประตูในไทยลีก
  13. ^ "เผยโฉมถ้วยแชมป์ไทยลีก1–4,ช้างเอฟเอคัพใบใหม่".
  14. ^ "OFFICIAL : จากช่างระดับโลก! ส.บอลเปิดตัว 5 ถ้วยแชมป์ไทยลีก,เอฟเอ คัพ".
  15. ^ https://www.khobsanam.com/news-football/110293
  16. ^ "Thailand - Samut Prakan City FC - Results, fixtures, squad, statistics, photos, videos and news - Soccerway".
  17. ^ AFC PRO-LEAGUE AD-HOC COMMITTEE ASSESSMENT CHARTS
  18. ^ "AFC Club Competitions Ranking". Asian Football Confederation.
  19. ^ "AFC CLUB COMPETITIONS RANKING". the-afc.com.
  20. ^ FA Thailand – The Association and Plan B announce the selection results for the soccer ball production licensee.
  21. ^ "AFC Football / Soccer Clubs Ranking".