Thalwil
Thalwil - Zürichsee - ZSG Wädenswil 2012-07-30 10-05-59.JPG
Coat of arms of Thalwil
Location of Thalwil
Thalwil is located in Switzerland
Thalwil
Thalwil
Thalwil is located in Canton of Zurich
Thalwil
Thalwil
Coordinates: 47°17′N 8°34′E / 47.283°N 8.567°E / 47.283; 8.567Coordinates: 47°17′N 8°34′E / 47.283°N 8.567°E / 47.283; 8.567
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZurich
DistrictHorgen
Government
 • MayorGemeindepräsident
Christine Burgener CVP/PDC
(as of 2008)
Area
 • Total5.53 km2 (2.14 sq mi)
Elevation
486 m (1,594 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total17,990
 • Density3,300/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
8800
SFOS number0141
Surrounded byErlenbach, Herrliberg, Horgen, Küsnacht, Langnau am Albis, Oberrieden, Rüschlikon
Twin townsLa Tour-de-Peilz (Switzerland)
Websitewww.thalwil.ch
SFSO statistics

Thalwil is a municipality and town in the district of Horgen in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. In addition to the town of Thalwil, the municipality includes the village of Gattikon.

The official language of Thalwil is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.

History

Thalwil is first mentioned around 1030 as Talwile villam, which is derived from Tellewilare, Tello's Farm, and indicates the early medieval origins of Thalwil as an Alemannic farmstead. Only a few graves remain from this period. In 1133, it was mentioned as Telwil.[3]

The parish of Thalwil originally comprised four Wachten (hamlets):

In medieval times, the economy consisted mainly of farms, vineyards as well as a small amount of fishing, crafts and shipping (on the lake). This estate was once owned by the Dukes of Habsburg and held by the Barons of Eschenbach. The Abbeys of Muri and Wettingen also had significant interests and owned 12 and 3 farms respectively.

Thalwil also boasts the oldest wood corporation in the Canton of Zurich, the Bannegg-Waldung. It was first mentioned in 1483, when Muri Abbey granted it to the twelve beneficiaries of the Abbey farms in Thalwil. Today the corporation is owned by 16 members as well as by the Thalwil Gemeinde.

Geography

Thalwil and Lake Zurich
Thalwil and Lake Zurich
Thalwil seen from Lake Zurich
Thalwil seen from Lake Zurich
Aerial view (1963)
Aerial view (1963)

The municipality of Thalwil is located on the Zimmerberg ridge between the western shore of Lake Zurich and the Sihl river. It includes the town of Thalwil, on the eastern slopes of the ridge alongside the lake, and the village of Gattikon, on the westen slopes and the bank of the Sihl. Thalwil borders on the communes of Rüschlikon, Langnau am Albis, Oberrieden, Horgen and (across the lake) Erlenbach.

The municipality has an area of 5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi). Of this area, 18% is used for agricultural purposes, while 23.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 56.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In 1996 housing and buildings made up 42.3% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (13.7%).[5] Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 1.4% of the area. As of 2007 51.3% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[5]

Coat of arms

The Gemeindewappen (communal flag or coat of arms) consists of two diagonally crossed black bulrushes with green stems and leaves on a white background.

Demographics

Thalwil has a population of 18,066 (as of 2019).[6] As of 2007, 21.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (84.0%), with Italian being second most common (4.5%) and English being third (2.3%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 18.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 65.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 15.6%. In Thalwil about 81.5% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4] There are 7,680 households in Thalwil.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1634 601
1762 1,100
1799 1,149
1833 1,318
1850 1,889
1880 3,293
1900 6,791
1950 8,787
1990 15,647
2000 15,749
2010 17,189
2020 18,263

Election results

In the 2007 elections, the most popular party was the SVP, receiving 28.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (19.7%), the FDP (18.2%), and the CSP (11.4%).

The most recent Swiss federal elections for the Nationalrat (National Council) and Ständerat (Council of States) took place in 2019. In the Nationalrat elections, the largest party in Thalwil was the SVP, with 21.6% of the vote. Five other parties received over a hundred votes. Those were, in order of descending votes: the FDP (20.1%), the GLP (14.8%), the SP (14.5%), the Greens (9.9%), and the CVP (now known as The Centre) (5.0%).[7] In the canton-wide Ständerat election, Ruedi Noser of the FDP was reelected after the second round, winning 65.3% of votes in Thalwil.[8]

Churches in Thalwil

Roman Catholic church
Roman Catholic church
Protestant church
Protestant church

Thalwil is one of the oldest parishes on the shores of Lake Zurich. It also has one of the most spectacular church locations,[citation needed] with the Platte affording views of the lake and its surroundings from Zurich to the Alps.

The earliest recorded church was dedicated to St Martin in 1159. In medieval times it was a dependency of Wettingen Abbey. Although it was frequently hit by lightning and also looted and set on fire during the Old Zürich War (Alter Zürichkrieg), the original building survived for over six hundred years.

In 1845, the small and rather dilapidated chapel was demolished and replaced by a much larger church designed by Ferdinand Stadler. A fire set off during repairs on the tower burnt down the new church almost 100 years later (1943) but the building was soon completely restored and has survived to this day.

As of 2008, there were 5382 Catholics and 5881 Protestants in Thalwil. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census, 41.5% were some type of Protestant, with 39.3% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 2.2% belonging to other Protestant churches. 34.3% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 3.8% were Muslim, 5.8% belonged to another religion (not listed), 2.6% did not give a religion, and 15% were atheist or agnostic.[5]

Industrialisation

In the late 1830s, the lakeside road (Seestrasse) was opened. It soon attracted large silk, cotton and other textile factories to the former farming village, some run by local families such as Schwarzenbach, Schmid, and Kölliker. This growth was boosted by the new railway lines from Zurich to Pfäffikon (1875) and Zug (1897). Industrialisation brought new workers into the former farming village and increased the population from 1,318 (in 1833) to 6,791 (in 1900).

As of 2020, Thalwil has an unemployment rate of 3.1%.[9] As of 2018, there were 5 people employed in the primary economic sector and 2 businesses involved in this sector. 1,001 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 106 businesses in this sector. 5,576 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 1,193 businesses in this sector.[9] As of 2007, 28.6% of the working population were employed full-time, and 71.4% were employed part-time.[5]

Taxes

According to the statistical office of Canton Zurich, Thalwil receives 92.0 million Franc in tax revenue every year, as of 2020. 11,022 people pay taxes to Thalwil.[9]

Modern-day Thalwil

Today this industrial past has all but vanished. The economy of Thalwil is mainly supported by a variety of small and medium-sized businesses, many located in the Böhni commercial estate opened in 1971. This includes Unisys Switzerland, which is the largest employer in Thalwil (over 500 jobs). There is also a range of shops, mainly located around the Gotthardstrasse.

The main source of Thalwil's current prosperity lies in the large number of commuters (ca. 7 000) who live there but work in the economic centres of Greater Zurich. Today, Thalwil has mostly left its farming and industrial past behind and become a commuter base.[citation needed]

Transportation

Thalwil is located along the A3 motorway from Zurich to Chur as well as on the main railway lines from Zurich to Chur, Lucerne and Italy. In the summer, there are regular boats to Zurich as well as along the lake to Rapperswil, run by the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft. Thalwil railway station is served by lines S2, S8, S21 and S24 of the Zürich S-Bahn. The Zimmerberg bus line (Zimmerbergbus), provided by the Sihltal Zürich Uetliberg Bahn (SZU), connects the Zimmerberg region and parts of the Sihl valley.

Sightseeing

Notable people

Tina Keller Jenny, 1912
Tina Keller Jenny, 1912
Reto Saimbeni, 2017
Reto Saimbeni, 2017

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Thalwil in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 10-Aug-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Statistics Zurich (in German) accessed 4 August 2009
  6. ^ "mycity.ch - Thalwil - Gemeindeverwaltung". mycity.ch. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  7. ^ "CH: Nationalratswahl 2019 Thalwil Wahlzettelrapport" (PDF). Gemeinde Thalwil. 20 Oct 2019. Retrieved 1 Oct 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "Erneuerungswahl eines zürcherischen Mitgliedes des Ständerates für die Amtsdauer 2019–2023, 2. Wahlgang" (PDF). Gemeinde Thalwil. 17 Nov 2019. Retrieved 1 Oct 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ a b c "Gemeindeporträt Thalwil". Kanton Zürich Gemeindeporträts. 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 12 January 2019
  11. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 12 January 2019
  12. ^ [1] retrieved 9 June 2022