Coordinates: 51°22′N 1°23′E / 51.367°N 1.383°E / 51.367; 1.383

Thanet
Thanet District
Thanet shown within Kent
Thanet shown within Kent
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countyKent
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQMargate
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodyThanet District Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (No overall control)
 • MPsSir Roger Gale (C)
Craig Mackinlay (C)
Area
 • Total39.88 sq mi (103.30 km2)
 • Rank212th (of 309)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total141,922
 • Rank152nd (of 309)
 • Density3,600/sq mi (1,400/km2)
 • Ethnicity
95.4% White
1.5% S.Asian
1.1% Black
1.1% Mixed Race
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code29UN (ONS)
E07000114 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTR355705
Websitewww.thanet.gov.uk
Turner Contemporary gallery, Margate
Turner Contemporary gallery, Margate

Thanet /ˈθænɪt/ is a local government district in Kent, England.[1] Formed under the Local Government Act 1972, it came into being on 1 April 1974 and is governed by Thanet District Council.

On the north eastern tip of Kent, it is predominantly coastal, with north, east and southeast facing coastlines, and is bordered by the City of Canterbury district to the west and the Dover district to the south. The main towns are Margate, Ramsgate and Broadstairs.

History

Main article: Isle of Thanet

The Isle of Thanet is the major part of the district. Formed over 7,000 years ago and separated from the mainland by the Wantsum Channel, it has always borne the brunt of invasions from the Continent. An Isle of Thanet Rural District had existed from the Local Government Act 1894 until it was abolished in 1935 to form part of Eastry Rural District. The current District was formed in 1974, by the addition of the area over which was once the Wantsum Channel, including the settlement of Sarre.

Governance

Thanet District Council
Thanet District Council logo.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1 April 1974
Leadership
Chairman
Jason Savage,
Conservative
since 16 May 2019[2][3]
Ash Ashbee,
Conservative
since 3 June 2021[4][5]
Structure
Seats56
Political groups
  •   Conservative (27)
  •   Labour (16)
  •   Green and Independent Group (6)
  •   Thanet Independent (5)
  •   Independent (2)[6]
Elections
Last election
2 May 2019
Meeting place
Council Offices, Cecil Street, Margate, CT9 1XZ
Website
www.thanet.gov.uk

The District Council is held by a Labour minority with support from Greens and Independents, following a vote of no confidence in the Conservative Leader, Cllr Bob Bayford.[7]

There are two MPs for Thanet:

Responsibilities

Thanet district council is responsible for providing clear leadership to the community and continuously to improve the delivery of local services.[dubious ] These services include: leisure, environmental health, housing — including the provision of social housing and housing benefit and rubbish collection. (First tier authorities have no responsibility for highways and under statute this function cannot be passed between different levels of local government.) Kent County Council is responsible for more strategic services such as education, libraries, main roads, social services, trading standards and transport.

Organisation

The powers of the council are specified in its constitution in accordance with the Local Government Act 2000.[8]

The council is a cabinet-style council with a leader and the cabinet itself, which is formed by the majority party in the district. Decisions on the council's services are made by the executive (or cabinet) which comprises five councillors. Each member of the cabinet holds a separate portfolio. The leader and cabinet are responsible for policies, plans and strategies, and for recommending them to the overall council, which is convened as a whole, at regular council meetings. The full council consists of 56 councillors.

The cabinet is held to account by the remainder of the councillors acting as overview and scrutiny who verify that decisions are appropriate and can prevent a decision taking immediate effect.

Officers

Councillors are responsible for the appointment and oversight of officers, who are delegated to perform most tasks. The chief executive officer, has overall responsibility for council employees and operates in conjunction with department heads.

Parishes

The civil parishes located in the district are:

The town of Margate comprises an unparished area. The Thanet councillors representing the wards covering Margate act as charter trustees, choosing one of their number to be the mayor of Margate each year.[9] The chairs of the town councils for Ramsgate and Broadstairs also take the title of mayor.

Elections

Elections are held every four years. The most recent election on 2 May 2019 saw the council remain under no overall control.[10] A minority Conservative administration formed after the election,[11] but was replaced by a minority Labour administration in October 2019.[12] That administration lasted until June 2021, when another minority Conservative administration, led by Ash Ashbee managed to take control of the council.[13] The next election is due in 2023.

Electoral wards

The district is divided into 23 electoral wards.[14]

Premises

The council is based at the Council Offices on Cecil Street in the centre of Margate. The building was originally designed in the early 1970s to be a new headquarters for Margate Borough Council, but by the time the building was finished in 1974 that council had been abolished and absorbed into the larger Thanet District Council. The building was formally opened on 9 April 1975.[15][16]

Demography

Main article: List of people from Thanet

According to the 2011 census, the population of Thanet was 134,186, an increase of about 6000 in the ten years since the previous census.[17]

Economy

The whole district suffers from seasonal unemployment, in spite of its proximity to London, because of various factors, among them being inward migration, high numbers of old people, and low numbers of affluent people. It is not helped by poor overall indicators for health.[18] In a study of resilience to economic downturns, Thanet was poorly rated at 295th out of 324 districts.[19] Unemployment levels are nearly twice the South East of England as a whole, and as a result a great deal of planning is being done to encourage more businesses to relocate to the District.[20] The Thanet & East Kent Chamber produces a weekly business digest, the Thanet & East Kent Insider, which reports on economic activity in the private and public sectors.

New projects underway include: A new community centre for Broadstairs. Redevelopment and renovations are to be undertaken at Margate's Dreamland (a Heritage Amusement Park); Cliftonville (Lido site); and a Holiday Inn (hotel), now open. A large retail and residential development on Ramsgate seafront, known as Royal Sands, started construction in 2011 but was quickly halted. A multimillion-pound art gallery The Turner Contemporary (opened by Tracey Emin in April 2011) in Margate and this has created the opening of many new shops in the Margate old town and visitor numbers have far exceeded expectation. Margate has been chosen as a Mary Portas retail town. Large investment and building work is taking place in schools across the island.[citation needed]

In addition, the District Council has introduced an empty property initiative and has compulsory purchased empty and derelict buildings with the objective of bringing them back into use.

The Thanet Offshore Wind Project, near North Foreland, began operating in September 2010. The project is expected to have a total capacity of up to 300 MW which, on average, is sufficient to supply approximately 240,000 homes with green energy. The project will thus make a significant contribution to the government's national and regional renewable energy targets. Thanet Earth is the largest greenhouse development in the UK, covering an area of 91 hectares with 7 greenhouses each the size of 10 football pitches producing cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers all year.[21]

Margate, Ramsgate and Broadstairs each have shopping centres with a mix of local and national retailers complemented by Northdown Road, Cliftonville, Westgate and Birchington. Westwood at the centre of Thanet has seen much major development in recent years with the building of Westwood Cross shopping centre which is the home of national retailers and several restaurant chains including a Travelodge hotel. Associated development has taken place around the shopping centre spawning other retail parks. National retailer Primark opened a new superstore in October 2012, the largest Primark store in Kent.[citation needed]

Transport

Thanet is now linked to London by high-speed "Javelin" trains.
Thanet is now linked to London by high-speed "Javelin" trains.

The rail connections are via the Chatham Main Line through Margate to Ramsgate, and the Ashford to Ramsgate (via Canterbury West) line. New high-speed rail links from London to Thanet began in December 2009, and it is now possible to travel from Margate to St Pancras railway station at an average speed of 96 kmh (around 60 mph); maximum speed of 225 km/h (around 140 mph). This will form part of the UK's first true high-speed commuter service, according to the South Eastern Railway Company.[22] Main road links are the A28 which brings traffic from Canterbury and Ashford; and the A299, north coast route. The Saxon Shore Way Long distance footpath skirts the coast.

There is an airport, now closed, at Manston,[23] formerly RAF Manston, but later renamed by its commercial operators as Kent International Airport. The airport closed permanently on 15 May 2014. Because it was used as a U.S. airbase during the Second World War it has one of the longest runways in the UK, and while open it was designated by the United Nations as an emergency landing site for aircraft in trouble.[citation needed]

Ferry services are no longer running from the Port of Ramsgate, and the council is currently in dispute with the former operators over the payment of £3.3 million[24]

Health

Thanet has a large hospital: the Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Hospital, known as the QEQM.[25] Extension work which started in 2007 has made the QEQM a major hospital site.

As of July 2010, overall indicators of health were poor for Thanet:[26][needs update]

Media

Local newspapers are the Thanet Extra, part of the KM Group; Isle of Thanet Gazette and Thanet Times (merged with Adscene, October 2009), (the Thanet Times was withdrawn in October 2012) all owned by Northcliffe Media; and the midweek Your Thanet published online by KOS Media. The county-wide newspaper Kent on Saturday also serves the district.

Local radio stations are;

National TV stations carry regional news: The ITV1 service is provided currently by Meridian Broadcasting; and the BBC South East Today.

Thanet also has a local online radio and podcasting service currently operating online only known as 'Thanet Community Radio' (TCR). The station works closely with Dover-based 'Dover Community Radio' (DCR) which operates in a similar way.

Education

Margate Adult Education Centre, built in 1928 as Thanet School of Art.
Margate Adult Education Centre, built in 1928 as Thanet School of Art.

Thanet has a wide variety of local schools including approximately 41 primary schools such as Drapers Mills, Palm Bay, and Upton. Outstanding secondary schools include Dane Court Grammar, and Chatham and Clarendon Grammar. The community learning within the district is varied and wide, including charitable training organisations such as East Kent ITeC Ltd, and organisations such as Margate Adult Education Centre, Thanet Skills Studio and Thanet Stage School. East Kent College is a provider of further education in Thanet and a Training Provider that works with local businesses to raise the level of education across the region. Canterbury Christ Church University currently has a campus in Broadstairs, serving Media, Art and Design subjects.

Climate

Thanet enjoys a maritime climate, being surrounded on three sides by the sea. This generally results in mild winters and warm, dry summers.

References

  1. ^ "Thanet District Council". www.thanet.gov.uk.
  2. ^ "Council minutes, 16 May 2019" (PDF). Thanet District Council. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Chairman of Council". Thanet District Council. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  4. ^ "Council minutes, 3 June 2021" (PDF). Thanet District Council. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Leader of the Council". Thanet District Council. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Your councillors by party". Thanet District Council. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  7. ^ Duggan, Ciaran (11 October 2019). "Bob Bayford forced out as leader of Thanet District Council". kentlive. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). Thanet District Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  9. ^ "Mayor and Charter Trustees of Margate". Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  10. ^ "Thanet council election results". Kent Online. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Conservatives lead minority council - but what does it mean for you?". Kent Online. 17 May 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Council leader ousted after no-confidence vote". 11 October 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Cllr Ash Ashbee appointed new Leader of Thanet District Council". Thanet District Council. 4 June 2021. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  14. ^ "Your Councillors". democracy.thanet.gov.uk. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  15. ^ "New council offices will be tight squeeze". Thanet Times. Margate. 14 August 1973. p. 3. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  16. ^ "Library and offices opened". Thanet Times. Margate. 15 April 1975. p. 4. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
  17. ^ "Table 2 2011 Census: Usual resident population and population density, local authorities in the United Kingdom (Excel sheet 212Kb)". Office for National Statistics.
  18. ^ Association of Public Health Observatories - Health Profiles APHO Health Profiles Archived 9 June 2008 at the UK Government Web Archive
  19. ^ "Thanet least resilient to economic woe, research finds". BBC News. 9 September 2010.
  20. ^ "Thanet District Corporate Plan 2007". Archived from the original on 24 September 2008.
  21. ^ "Thanet Earth". www.thanetearth.com.
  22. ^ "Southeastern 2009 - your journey starts here: Home".
  23. ^ "Kent's Manston Airport to close on 15 May". BBC. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  24. ^ "TransEuropa Ferries Thanet District Council".
  25. ^ "Overview - Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Hospital - NHS Choices".
  26. ^ Association of Public Health Observatories, Thanet Health Profile Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, July 2010