The Breakfast Club
The Breakfast Club.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJohn Hughes
Written byJohn Hughes
Produced by
CinematographyThomas Del Ruth
Edited byDede Allen
Music byKeith Forsey
Distributed byUniversal Pictures
Release dates
  • February 7, 1985 (1985-02-07) (Los Angeles)
  • February 15, 1985 (1985-02-15) (United States)
Running time
97 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$1 million[2]
Box office$51.5 million[3]

The Breakfast Club is a 1985 American teen coming-of-age comedy-drama film written, produced, and directed by John Hughes. It stars Emilio Estevez, Paul Gleason, Anthony Michael Hall, Judd Nelson, Molly Ringwald, and Ally Sheedy. The film tells the story of five teenagers from different high school cliques who serve a Saturday detention overseen by their authoritarian vice-principal.

The Breakfast Club premiered in Los Angeles on February 7, 1985, and was theatrically released by Universal Pictures on February 15, 1985. It grossed $51.5 million against a $1 million budget, and earned acclaim from critics, who consider it to be one of Hughes's most memorable and recognizable works. The media subsequently referred to the film's five main actors as members of a group called the "Brat Pack". In 2015, the film was digitally remastered and was re-screened in 430 theaters in celebration of its 30th anniversary.[4]

In 2016, The Breakfast Club was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[5][6][7][8]


On Saturday, March 24, 1984, five students at Shermer High School report at 7:00 a.m. for an all-day detention: nerdy Brian Johnson, varsity wrestler Andrew Clark, introverted outcast Allison Reynolds, popular snob Claire Standish, and rebellious delinquent John Bender. In voiceover, the five are described respectively as "a brain, an athlete, a basket case, a princess, and a criminal".

They gather in the school library, where Vice Principal Richard Vernon warns them not to talk, move from their seats, or sleep until they are released at 4:00 p.m.; he assigns them a thousand-word essay, in which each must describe "who you think you are." He leaves, returning only occasionally to check on and reprimand them.

John ignores the rules and spends most of his time bullying or harassing Claire, Brian, and Andrew. They all eventually feel sorry for him after seeing how he deals with abusive adults like Vernon, who gives John eight weekends' worth of additional detention. At one point, the five sneak out of the library to retrieve John's marijuana stash; John allows himself to be apprehended by Vernon in order to give the others time to return to the library undetected. John is locked in a storage closet, but he escapes and returns to the library by crawling through the ceiling panels. The others help John hide and cover for him when Vernon comes to investigate the noise created by John's escape.

The students pass the time by talking, arguing, listening to music, and smoking marijuana. Gradually, they open up and reveal their secrets and their poor relationships with their parents. Claire's popularity subjects her to intense peer pressure, and her parents use her to get back at each other during arguments. She is in detention due to skipping school to go shopping; John's father is physically and verbally abusive and Vernon states that John is in detention for pulling a false fire alarm; Allison is a compulsive liar with neglectful parents and dreams of running away from home. Andrew admits that his father emotionally abuses him to get him to succeed in wrestling, leaving Andrew feeling unable to think for himself; he was sent to detention for taping another student's buttocks together, hoping to win his father's approval. Brian is under such pressure from his parents to get good grades that he contemplated suicide after getting an F in shop class; he was sent to detention for bringing a flare gun to school for that purpose. Allison claims that she wasn't actually sent to detention, and merely showed up for lack of anything better to do. They all realize that, despite their differences, they face similar problems.

Meanwhile, Vernon complains to the janitor, Carl, that students today are less respectful than they were earlier in his teaching career. Carl tells Vernon that it is him that has changed, not the students.

Claire gives Allison a makeover, which sparks romantic interest from Andrew. Claire decides to break her "pristine" innocent appearance by kissing John. Although suspecting their new relationships will end when detention is over, they believe their mutual experiences will change the way they look at their peers.

As the detention nears its end, the group requests that Brian complete the assigned essay for everyone and John returns to the storage closet, so Vernon thinks he never left. Brian leaves the essay in the library for Vernon to read after they leave. As the students part ways, Allison and Andrew kiss, as do Claire and John. Allison rips Andrew's state championship patch from his jacket to keep and Claire gives John one of her diamond earrings.

Vernon reads the essay, in which Brian states that Vernon has already judged who they are using stereotypes, but "each one of us is a brain, an athlete, a basket case, a princess, and a criminal. Does that answer your question?" He signs the essay with "Sincerely yours, the Breakfast Club."




Molly Ringwald and Anthony Michael Hall both starred in Hughes's 1984 film Sixteen Candles. Towards the end of filming, Hughes asked them both to be in The Breakfast Club. Hall became the first to be cast, agreeing to the role of Brian Johnson; his real life mother and sister playing the same roles in the film. Ringwald was originally approached to play the character of Allison Reynolds, but she was "really upset" because she wanted to play Claire Standish (then named "Cathy" in the first draft of the script), which saw the auditions of Robin Wright, Jodie Foster and Laura Dern. She eventually convinced Hughes and the studio to give her the part.[9] The role of Allison ultimately went to Ally Sheedy.

Emilio Estevez originally auditioned for the role of John Bender. However, when Hughes was unable to find someone to play Andrew Clark, Estevez was recast. Nicolas Cage was considered for the role of John Bender, which was the last role to be cast, though the role was narrowed down to John Cusack and Judd Nelson. Hughes originally cast Cusack, but decided to replace him with Nelson before shooting began, because Cusack did not look threatening enough for the role. At one point, Hughes was disappointed in Nelson because he stayed in character and harassed Ringwald off-camera, with the other actors having to convince Hughes to not fire him.[9][10]

Rick Moranis was originally cast as the janitor but left due to creative differences and was replaced by John Kapelos.[11]


In 1999, Hughes said that his request to direct the film met with resistance and skepticism because he lacked filmmaking experience.[12] Hughes ultimately convinced the film's investors that due to the modest $1 million budget and its single-location shoot he could greatly minimize their risk. Hughes originally thought that The Breakfast Club would be his directorial debut. Hughes opted for an insular, largely one-room set and wrote about high school students, who would be played by younger actors.[13]

Principal photography began on March 28, 1984, and ended in May. Filming took place at Maine North High School in Des Plaines, Illinois, which had been closed in May 1981. The same setting was used for interior scenes of Hughes's 1986 film Ferris Bueller's Day Off, which featured exterior shots from nearby Glenbrook North High School. The library at Maine North High School, considered too small for the film, prompted the crew to build a virtually identical but larger set in the school's gymnasium.[14] The actors rehearsed for three weeks and then shot the film in sequence.[15] On the Ferris Bueller's Day Off DVD commentary (featured on the 2004 DVD version), Hughes revealed that he shot the two films concurrently to save time and money, and some outtakes of both films feature elements of the film crews working on the other film. The first print was 150 minutes in length.[16]

During a cast reunion in honor of the film's 25th anniversary, Ally Sheedy revealed that a Director's Cut existed but Hughes's widow did not disclose any details concerning its whereabouts.[10]

In 2015, the first draft of the film's script was discovered in a Maine South High School cabinet as district employees were moving offices to a new building.[17]


The film's poster, featuring the five characters huddled together, was photographed by Annie Leibovitz toward the end of shooting. The shot of five actors gazing at the camera influenced the way teen films were marketed from that point on.[18] The poster refers to the five "types" of the story using slightly different terms than those used in the film, and in a different sequence, stating "They were five total strangers with nothing in common, meeting for the first time. A brain, a beauty, a jock, a rebel and a recluse".

The Breakfast Club poster "family shot", notably including Bender's raised fist, was satirized in the poster for the comedy-horror film, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2.[19] It also inspired the title page of chapter 29 of the manga series, Akane-banashi.[20]


The main theme of the film is the constant struggle of the American teenager to be understood, by adults and by themselves. It explores the pressure put on teenagers to fit into their own realms of high school social constructs, as well as the lofty expectations of their parents, teachers, and other authority figures. On the surface, the students have little in common with each other. However, as the day rolls on, they eventually bond over a common disdain for the aforementioned issues of peer pressure and parental expectations.[21][22] Stereotyping is another theme. Once the obvious stereotypes are broken down, the characters "empathize with each other's struggles, dismiss some of the inaccuracies of their first impressions, and discover that they are more similar than different".[23]

The main adult character, Mr. Vernon, is not portrayed in a positive light. He consistently talks down to the students and forcefully flaunts his authority throughout the film. Bender is the only one who stands up to Vernon.[21]

Hughes would use the Shermer High School setting for Weird Science later in the same year.


The film premiered in Los Angeles on February 7, 1985. Universal Pictures released the film in cinemas on February 15, 1985, in the United States.

Home media

The Breakfast Club was first released on VHS[24] and LaserDisc.[25]

In 2003, the film was released on DVD as part of the "High School Reunion Collection".[26] In 2008, a "Flashback Edition" DVD was released with several special features, including an audio commentary with Anthony Michael Hall and Judd Nelson.[27] A 25th Anniversary Edition Blu-ray was released in 2010,[28] and the same disc was re-released with a DVD and digital copy in 2012 as part of Universal's 100th Anniversary series.[29][30] On March 10, 2015, the 30th Anniversary Edition was released. This release was digitally remastered and restored from the original 35mm film negatives for better picture quality on DVD, Digital HD and Blu-ray.[31]

The Criterion Collection released a special edition 2-disc DVD set and a Blu-ray disc on January 2, 2018. The transfer was the same as the previous release but included new features such as fifty-minutes of new deleted and extended scenes, an Electronic Press Kit, new and archival interviews, a 1985 excerpt of the Today program, a new video essay and an episode of This American Life.[32][33]


Critical response

Roger Ebert awarded three stars out of four and called the performances "wonderful", adding that the film was "more or less predictable" but "doesn't need earthshaking revelations; it's about kids who grow willing to talk to one another, and it has a surprisingly good ear for the way they speak."[34] Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote, "This confessional formula has worked in films as different as Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, The Big Chill, and My Dinner with Andre and it works here too. It works especially well in The Breakfast Club because we keep waiting for the film to break out of its claustrophobic set and give us a typical teenage movie sex-or-violence scene. That doesn't happen, much to our delight."[35] Kathleen Carroll from the New York Daily News stated, "Hughes has a wonderful knack for communicating the feelings of teenagers, as well as an obvious rapport with his exceptional cast–who deserve top grades".[36]

Other reviews were less positive. Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote, "There are some good young actors in The Breakfast Club, though a couple of them have been given unplayable roles", namely Ally Sheedy and Judd Nelson, adding, "The five young stars would have mixed well even without the fraudulent encounter-group candor towards which The Breakfast Club forces them. Mr. Hughes, having thought up the characters and simply flung them together, should have left well enough alone."[37] James Harwood of Variety panned the film as a movie that "will probably pass as deeply profound among today's teenage audience, meaning the youngsters in the film spend most of their time talking to each other instead of dancing, dropping their drawers and throwing food. This, on the other hand, should not suggest they have anything intelligent to say."[38]

Among retrospective reviews, James Berardinelli wrote in 1998: "Few will argue that The Breakfast Club is a great film, but it has a candor that is unexpected and refreshing in a sea of too-often generic teen-themed films. The material is a little talky (albeit not in a way that will cause anyone to confuse it with something by Éric Rohmer), but it's hard not to be drawn into the world of these characters."[39]

As of September 2020, review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an 89% approval rating based on 65 reviews and an average rating of 7.7/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "The Breakfast Club is a warm, insightful, and very funny look into the inner lives of teenagers".[40] Review aggregator Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 66/100 based on 25 reviews from mainstream critics, considered to be "generally favorable reviews".[41]

Writing in 2015, P. J. O'Rourke called The Breakfast Club and Ferris Bueller's Day Off "Hughes's masterwork[s]". He described the former film as an example of Hughes's politics, in that the students do not organize a protest but, "like good conservatives do, as individuals and place the highest value, like this conservative does, on goofing off. Otherwise known as individual liberty".[42]

Box office

In February 1985, the film debuted at No. 3 at the box office (behind Beverly Hills Cop and Witness).[43] Grossing $45,875,171 domestically and $51,525,171 worldwide, the film was a box office success, given its $1 million budget.[44]


Anthony Michael Hall, Judd Nelson, Molly Ringwald, Paul Gleason and Ally Sheedy all won a Silver Bucket of Excellence Award at the 2005 MTV Movie Awards.

Award Nominee Result
Silver Bucket of Excellence Award Anthony Michael Hall
Judd Nelson
Paul Gleason
Molly Ringwald
Ally Sheedy


The Breakfast Club has been called the quintessential 1980s film.[45] In 2008, Empire magazine ranked it at number 369 on their The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time list.[46] It later ranked at number 38 on their 2014 list.[47] Similarly, The New York Times placed the film on its Best 1000 Movies Ever list[48] and Entertainment Weekly ranked the film number 1 on its list of the 50 Best High School Movies.[49] In the 2001 parody film Not Another Teen Movie, Gleason reprised his role as Assistant Principal Vernon in a short scene that parodies The Breakfast Club.[50]

In 2005, the film received the Silver Bucket of Excellence Award in honor of its 20th anniversary at the MTV Movie Awards. For the event, MTV attempted to reunite the original cast. Sheedy, Ringwald, and Hall appeared together on stage, with Kapelos in the audience; Gleason gave the award to his former castmates. Estevez could not attend because of other commitments, and Nelson appeared earlier in the show but left before the on-stage reunion, prompting Hall to joke that the two were "in Africa with Dave Chappelle". Yellowcard performed Simple Minds' anthem for the film, "Don't You (Forget About Me)", at the awards. At the 82nd Academy Awards (March 7, 2010), Sheedy, Hall, Ringwald, and Nelson all appeared in a tribute to John Hughes—who had died the prior year—along with other actors who had worked with him, including Jon Cryer from Pretty in Pink, Matthew Broderick from Ferris Bueller's Day Off, and Macaulay Culkin from Home Alone. In 2012, Victorious aired their own version of the film, titled 'The Breakfast Bunch'. In 2018, The New Yorker published an article written by Ringwald in which she critiqued Hughes's films "in the age of #MeToo".[51]


The Breakfast Club (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by
various artists
ReleasedFebruary 19, 1985
GenreRock, new wave
Producervarious artists
Singles from The Breakfast Club (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
  1. "Don't You (Forget About Me)"
    Released: February 20, 1985 (US)
Audio sample
"Don't You (Forget About Me)" by Simple Minds

The film's soundtrack, The Breakfast Club (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), was produced by British pop musician Keith Forsey and released on February 19, 1985, by A&M Records. The album peaked at No. 17 on the US Billboard 200 album chart. The song "Don't You (Forget About Me)" performed by Scottish rock band Simple Minds was released on February 20, 1985, in the United States and on April 8, 1985, in the United Kingdom as a single and reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Track listing

Side one
1."Don't You (Forget About Me)"Keith Forsey, Steve SchiffSimple Minds4:20
2."Waiting"K. Forsey, S. SchiffElizabeth Daily4:37
3."Fire in the Twilight"
Wang Chung3:51
4."I'm the Dude"K. Forsey, S. SchiffKeith Forsey2:10
5."Heart Too Hot to Hold"
  • Johnson
  • K. Forsey
  • Laurie Forsey
  • Michael Frondelli
Jesse Johnson & Stephanie Spruill4:25
Total length:19:23
Side two
1."Dream Montage"ChangGary Chang2:37
2."We Are Not Alone"
  • DeVito
  • Robbie Benson
  • Steve Goldstein
Karla DeVito3:39
3."The Reggae"ForseyKeith Forsey3:07
4."Didn't I Tell You"
  • K. Forsey
  • L. Forsey
  • S. Schiff
Joyce Kennedy4:47
5."Love Theme"ForseyKeith Forsey4:26
Total length:18:36


The album contains ten songs that are played partially throughout the movie, performed by bands and singers of the rock and new wave genre, including three instrumental songs by record producer Keith Forsey.[52]

Simple Minds's international hit "Don't You (Forget About Me)" is played in the opening and closing credits. A music video was made for this song and for Wang Chung's "Fire in the Twilight" (reached No 110 on the US Billboard Hot 100).[53]

Not included on the soundtrack is the "Colonel Bogey March" that the students are whistling when Principal Vernon walks into the room.[54][55]

Critical reception

The soundtrack received generally negative reviews. In a June 25, 1985 review for The Village Voice, music critic Robert Christgau gave the album a "D−" and said that it has "utterly negligible" songs, and he commended Simple Minds for trying to distance themselves from their song, "Don't You (Forget About Me)", best known for being played during the film's opening and closing credits.[56] In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine gave the soundtrack three out of five stars and wrote that, apart from Simple Minds' "undisputed masterpiece," the album is largely "disposable" and marred by "'80s artifacts" and "forgettable instrumentals".[52]


  1. ^ "The Breakfast Club". Archived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
  2. ^ "The 80's: 'The Breakfast Club'". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  3. ^ "The Breakfast Club". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 31, 2018. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
  4. ^ "Breakfast Club 30". Archived from the original on December 6, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  5. ^ Daniel Kreps (December 14, 2016). "'Breakfast Club,' 'Rushmore' Among Films Added to National Film Registry". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  6. ^ Michael O'Sullivan (December 14, 2016). "National Film Registry honors 'Breakfast Club,' 'Rushmore' and other teen angst movies". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 6, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  7. ^ "2012 National Film Registry Picks in A League of Their Own". Library of Congress. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  8. ^ "Complete National Film Registry Listing". Library of Congress. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Itzkoff, Dave (September 17, 2010). "She Won't Forget About Him: Molly Ringwald Remembers John Hughes". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 13, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  10. ^ a b Steinberg, Julie (September 21, 2010). "'The Breakfast Club' Cast Reunites, But Where's Emilio? 'Working on 'Mighty Ducks 5". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 17, 2011. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  11. ^ Gora, Susannah (2010). You Couldn't Ignore Me If You Tried. Three Rivers Press. pp. 56–57.
  12. ^ "Premiere, December 1999, Oral history "Breakfast Club"". Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  13. ^ Gora, Susannah (2010). You Couldn't Ignore Me If You Tried. Three Rivers Press. p. 47.
  14. ^ Gora, Susannah (2010). You Couldn't Ignore Me If You Tried. Three Rivers Press. p. 58.
  15. ^ Gora, Susannah (2010). You Couldn't Ignore Me If You Tried. Three Rivers Press. pp. 59, 69.
  16. ^ Dameron, Emerson (August 11, 2009). "John Hughes: The Director's Cut". Newcity Film. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  17. ^ Jennifer Johnson (April 21, 2015). "Original 'Breakfast Club' screenplay found in District 207 cabinet during move". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
  18. ^ Gora, Susannah (2010). You Couldn't Ignore Me If You Tried. Three Rivers Press. pp. 79-80, 325-326.
  19. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 (1986)". IMDb.
  20. ^ "Mangaka Musings 9/11/2022". Viz Media. September 11, 2022. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  21. ^ a b Loukides, Paul (1996). Beyond the Stars 5: Themes and Ideologies in American Popular Film. Popular Press. pp. 30–32. ISBN 9780879727017.
  22. ^ Barsanti, Chris (2010). Filmology: A Movie-a-Day Guide to the Movies You Need to Know Archived May 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Adams Media. p. 49.
  23. ^ "The Breakfast Club". Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
  24. ^ Breakfast Club [VHS]. ASIN 630018403X.
  25. ^ "The Breakfast Club (Laserdisc) 1985". Retrieved March 10, 2020.
  26. ^ "The Breakfast Club (High School Reunion Collection): Molly Ringwald, Emilio Estevez, Anthony Michael Hall, Judd Nelson, Ally Sheedy, John Kapelos, Paul Gleason, John Hughes, Ned Tanen: Movies & TV". Archived from the original on April 22, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
  27. ^ "The Breakfast Club (Flashback Edition): Emilio Estevez, Anthony Michael Hall, Molly Ringwald, Ally Sheedy, Judd Nelson, Paul Gleason, Mercedes Hall, John Kapelos, Ron Dean, Perry Crawford, Fran Gargano, John Hughes, Tim Gamble, Jackie Burch, Thomas del Ruth: Movies & TV". Archived from the original on March 23, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
  28. ^ "The Breakfast Club (25th Anniversary Edition) [Blu-ray]: Emilio Estevez, Paul Gleason, Anthony Michael Hall, Judd Nelson, Molly Ringwald, Ally Sheedy, John Hughes: Movies & TV". Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
  29. ^ "The Breakfast Club (Blu-ray + DVD + Digital Copy) : Universal's 100th Anniversary". Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  30. ^ "Celebrating 100 years of iconic movie moments". Universal 100th. Archived from the original on August 28, 2014. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
  31. ^ "The Breakfast Club 30th Anniversary Edition Blu-ray". Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  32. ^ Nordine, Michael (October 16, 2017). "The Criterion Collection Announces January 2018 Titles, Including 'The Breakfast Club' and 'I, Daniel Blake'". IndieWire. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  33. ^ "The Breakd Club Blu-ray". Archived from the original on March 22, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  34. ^ Ebert, Roger (February 15, 1985). "The Breakfast Club movie review". Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  35. ^ Siskel, Gene (February 15, 1985). "Teenage life gets touching new portrayal". Chicago Tribune. Section 7, Page A.
  36. ^ Carroll, Cathleen (February 15, 1985). "'The Breakfast Club' is an endearing teenage comedy: 1985 review". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  37. ^ Maslin, Janet (February 15, 1985). "Film: John Hughes's 'Breakfast Club'". Archived December 28, 2019, at the Wayback Machine The New York Times. C18.
  38. ^ Harwood, James (February 13, 1985). "Film Reviews: The Breakfast Club". Variety. 19.
  39. ^ Berardinelli, James. "The Breakfast Club". Reelviews. Archived from the original on December 29, 2019. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  40. ^ "The Breakfast Club (1985)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on June 4, 2020. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  41. ^ "The Breakfast Club Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on May 14, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  42. ^ O’Rourke, P. J. (March 22, 2015). "Don't You Forget About Me: The John Hughes I Knew". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  43. ^ "Weekend Box Office: February 15-18, 1985—4-day President's Day Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
  44. ^ The Breakfast Club Archived September 25, 2018, at the Wayback Machine at Box Office Mojo
  45. ^ Dunkleberger, Amy (2007). So You Want to Be a Film Or TV Screenwriter?. Enslow Publishers, Inc. p. 73. ISBN 9780766026452. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
  46. ^ Empire's The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time. Empire via Internet Archive. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  47. ^ Empire's The 301 Greatest Movies of All Time. Empire via Internet Archive. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  48. ^ The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made. The New York Times via Internet Archive. Published April 29, 2003. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
  49. ^ "Entertainment Weekly's The 50 Best High School Movies". AMC's Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  50. ^ Scott, A. O. (December 14, 2001). "FILM REVIEW; Pretty in Prank: A Spoof of a Lampoon of a Satire of..." The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 17, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  51. ^ Ringwald, Molly (April 6, 2018). "What About 'The Breakfast Club'?". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  52. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "The Breakfast Club [Original Soundtrack]". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 8, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  53. ^ "Wang Chung Songs ••• Top Songs / Chart Singles Discography ••• Music VF, US & UK hits charts". Archived from the original on July 17, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  54. ^ "25 Of Cinema's Catchiest Earworms". Empire. Retrieved April 16, 2022.
  55. ^ Coyne, Tom (2019). A Course Called Scotland: Searching the Home of Golf for the Secret to Its Game. Simon and Schuster. p. 246.
  56. ^ Christgau, Robert (June 25, 1985). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2016.

Further reading