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The Bridges of Madison County
Bridges of Madison County Playbill cover.jpg
Broadway Playbill cover
MusicJason Robert Brown
LyricsJason Robert Brown
BookMarsha Norman
BasisThe Bridges of Madison County by Robert James Waller
Productions2013 Williamstown
2014 Broadway
2015 US National Tour
AwardsTony Award for Best Original Score

The Bridges of Madison County is a musical, based on Robert James Waller's 1992 novel, with a book by Marsha Norman and music and lyrics by Jason Robert Brown. The musical premiered on Broadway at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre on February 20, 2014, and closed on May 18, 2014. The Broadway production was directed by Bartlett Sher and starred Kelli O'Hara as Francesca and Steven Pasquale as Robert. Brown's work on the musical won the 2014 Tony Awards for Best Original Score and Best Orchestrations after the Broadway production had already closed.



The Bridges of Madison County originated at the Williamstown Theatre Festival and ran from August 1 to August 18, 2013. The musical was directed by Bartlett Sher, with scene design by Michael Yeargan, costumes by Catherine Zuber, lighting by Donald Holder, sound by Jon Weston, and produced by Stacey Mindich. The cast featured Steven Pasquale (Robert), Elena Shaddow (Francesca), Daniel H. Jenkins (Bud), Nick Bailey (Michael), Caitlin Kinnunen (Carolyn), Cass Morgan (Marge), Michael X. Martin (Charlie), Whitney Bashor (Marian/Chiara), John Paul Almon, Jennifer Allen, Emma Duncan, Luke Marinkovich, Laura Shoop, and Tim Wright.[1][2]

Kelli O'Hara had been originally announced to appear in the Williamstown production, but because she expected her second child in September 2013, Actress Elena Shaddow played Francesca.[3][4]


The musical played on Broadway at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre, starting previews on January 17, 2014, and officially opening on February 20, 2014.[5][6] The musical closed on May 18, 2014, after 137 performances.[7][8]

The creative team remained the same, with additional credits for Hair and Wig design by David Brian Brown and Make-Up Design by Ashley Ryan.

The original cast featured Pasquale, Bashor, Martin, Marinkovich, Morgan, Allen, and Kinnunen reprising their roles. The new cast members were Kelli O'Hara as Francesca, Hunter Foster as Bud, Derek Klena as Michael,[5] Ephie Aardema, Katie Klaus, Aaron Ramey, and Dan Sharkey.[6]

A recording of the original Broadway cast was recorded at Avatar Studios and released in April 2014 (digital) and May 2014 (CD) on the Ghostlight label featuring an 11-piece orchestra from the original Broadway production.[9][10]

Subsequent productions

A US National tour, incorporating some minor changes, was announced by producers after the closing of the Broadway production. The tour began on November 28, 2015, at the Des Moines Civic Center in Des Moines, Iowa, with Brown conducting.[11] Additional stops include the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles, California (starting December 8, 2015), the Hobby Center in Houston, Texas, The Smith Center for the Performing Arts in Las Vegas, Nevada, the Orpheum Theatre in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the Kennedy Center in Washington, DC (June–July 2016).[12][13] The tour starred Elizabeth Stanley as Francesca and Andrew Samonsky as Robert.[14] The tour ended in Greenville, South Carolina, in July 2016.[15]

The international premiere of the musical will be staged in Manila, the Philippines by Manila-based Atlantis Theatrical Entertainment Group. It will run from November 20, 2015, until December 6 at the Carlos P. Romulo Auditorium, RCBC Plaza, Makati. The production stars Joanna Ampil as Francesca and Mig Ayesa as Robert.[16] It will be directed by Bobby Garcia, with choreography by Cecil Martinez, musical direction by Ceejay Javier, scenic design by Faust Peneyra, costumes by Eric Pineda, and lighting by Jonjon Villareal.[17]

The Boston professional premiere of the musical was staged by the Speakeasy Stage Company from May 6, 2017 - June 3. Directed by M. Bevin O'Gara, it starred Jennifer Ellis, Christiaan Smith, Alessandra Valea, Nick Siccone, Christopher Chew, and Kerry Dowling.[18]

Utah Repertory Theater Company staged the Utah state premiere production November 25-December 10, directed by Utah Rep Artistic Director Johnny Hebda and company member Chase Ramsey, at the Regent Street Black Box inside the Eccles Theater in Salt Lake City, Utah, the first musical production in this venue. Stars Erin Royall Carlson as Francesca and Kevin Goertzen as Robert, with musical direction by Jeanne McGuire.[19][20][21]

Menier Chocolate Factory in London staged the European premiere that ran from 13 July 2019 to 14 September 2019.[22] The production was directed by Trevor Nunn and starred Jenna Russell as Francesca and Edward Baker-Duly as Robert, along with Georgia Brown, Maddison Bulleyment, Shanay Holmes, Gillian Kirkpatrick, Paul F Monaghan, David Perkins and Dale Rapley.

On September 11, 2020, the Danish production will open at Fredericia Teater[23]

The production will have an Australian premiere production in March 2020 at the Hayes Theatre in Sydney. Produced by Matthew Henderson and Neil Gooding, with Gooding directing and starring Kate Maree Hoolihan as Francesca, Martin Crewes as Robert and Anton Berezin as Bud.[citation needed]

Roles and principal casts

Character 2013 Williamstown Theatre Festival 2014 Broadway 2015 National Tour
Francesca Johnson Elena Shaddow Kelli O'Hara Elizabeth Stanley
Robert Kincaid Steven Pasquale Andrew Samonsky
Bud Johnson Daniel H. Jenkins Hunter Foster Cullen R. Titmas
Marge Cass Morgan Mary Callanan
Charlie Michael X. Martin David Hess
Michael Johnson Nick Bailey Derek Klena Dave Thomas Brown
Carolyn Johnson Caitlin Kinnunen Caitlin Houlahan
Marian/Chiara Whitney Bashor Katie Klaus


Act I

Francesca Johnson, an Italian war bride living in Winterset, Iowa in 1965, has had eighteen years of quiet, largely unfulfilling farm life ("To Build a Home"). Her family—stoic husband Bud, rebellious son Michael, and reluctant daughter Carolyn—are journeying to Indianapolis for three days to the national 4-H fair to show Carolyn's prize steer, Stevie ("Home Before You Know It"). After the family departs, Francesca is planning a relaxing weekend free from responsibilities. That afternoon, a blue pick-up truck pulls into her driveway carrying Robert Kincaid, a photographer for the National Geographic who has travelled from Washington State to photograph the famous covered bridges of Madison County. Robert is unable to find the seventh covered bridge, the Roseman Bridge, and Francesca agrees to accompany him to the bridge for a short scouting trip ("Temporarily Lost"). Once at the Roseman Bridge, Francesca feels something developing between her and Robert ("What Do You Call a Man Like That?").

After they return to the Johnson farm, Francesca invites Robert for a glass of tea. Francesca—having discovered that Robert was recently in Naples, her hometown—is eager to see pictures of his trip. Robert does not have the pictures with him, but they discuss everyday life in the quiet of Winterset ("You're Never Alone"). After realizing that it is too late for Robert to eat at one of the restaurants in town, Francesca persuades Robert to stay for a supper of homegrown vegetables and one of the recipes that Francesca brought with her from Italy. Francesca's neighbors—Charlie and Marge, an older couple who are firmly entrenched in the farm life of Winterset—see Robert and his truck at Francesca's home and speculate about his being there. Robert—whose hippy presence has caused some commotion in the town—prepares dinner with Francesca. At the farm, Francesca asks about the guitar that Robert has brought into the house, as well as its former owner, Robert's ex-wife, Marian ("Another Life"). While cooking, Robert and Francesca share a drink of a long-neglected bottle of brandy. After a dinner where both Robert and Francesca have clearly established a connection, Robert leaves in order to shoot the Roseman Bridge at dawn the next morning. Afterward, both contemplate their shared evening together. While Robert thinks about the dinner with Francesca ("Wondering"), Francesca receives a telephone call from Bud, during which she confides that she has opened the brandy that she had been saving—it had been up there long enough.

The next day, while Robert is composing the photograph at the Roseman Bridge, Francesca shops for a new dress ("Look at Me"). Realizing that Robert has awoken a feeling within her that she has not felt since she left Italy, she goes to the Roseman Bridge in search of him. At the bridge, Robert explains to her the process of composing a meaningful photograph ("World Inside a Frame"). Robert then gives Francesca the copy of the National Geographic featuring the photographs that he took of the post-war reconstruction in Naples. Francesca reveals that her fiancé, Paolo, was killed during the war, and she tearfully describes how her life in Naples corresponds to the photographs that Robert took. Realizing that their connection is more significant than she had initially believed, Francesca again invites Robert to clean up and dine at the farm.

While Robert is cleaning up, Francesca receives a call from Bud: Carolyn's steer has reached the final and they are staying another day at the fair. Francesca is disoriented from her interactions with Robert and Bud. While Bud celebrates Carolyn's victory in the nearest bar and reflects on his relationship with Francesca ("Something from a Dream"), Francesca bathes and prepares for her dinner with Robert. After Robert waits in the kitchen, Francesca comes downstairs in the pink dress that she bought that day. Finally alone with Robert and the implications of the time that they have shared, Francesca asks Robert if this is what always happens when he wanders into a town—she has bought a new dress and invited him in and everything is about to change for them. Robert asserts that he never steps into a world where people belong to each other and that he never intended for their relationship to go this far. They kiss, but are interrupted by a phone call from Marge. Marge asks Francesca to make plans the next day, but Francesca tells Marge that she already has plans to go to Des Moines. After the call, Robert and Francesca dance in the kitchen to the radio ("Get Closer"), and then realize that, while both unknowingly searching for a connection, they have found each other ("Falling into You"). After their dance, Francesca leads Robert upstairs to her bedroom.

Act II

At the 4-H national fair, Carolyn worries about Stevie the steer, and Michael fights with Bud ("State Road 21"). Meanwhile, at the farm, Robert is in bed with a still sleeping Francesca ("Who We Are and Who We Want to Be"). While preparing for their trip to Des Moines, Francesca explains to Robert how she came to live on an Iowa farm ("Almost Real"). Meanwhile, Charlie and Marge—having seen Robert's truck at Francesca's home the whole night before—know that they have spent the night together.

After their day in Des Moines and with Francesca's family due home the next day, Francesca and Robert discuss their plans for the future. He asks her to leave Winterset with him, and she considers the reality of leaving her family behind ("Before and After You"/"One Second and a Million Miles"). Waking late the next morning, Robert again asks Francesca to come away with him; he is leaving Winterset at six o'clock and she must meet him in town before then. As he sets off for town, she tearfully promises to meet him. Later in the afternoon, Bud, Michael, and Carolyn arrive back at the farm and Francesca welcomes her family home. Bud asks what she has prepared for dinner, and Francesca immediately faces the realities of her life. Preoccupied, she constantly checks her watch while unsuccessfully attempting to say her goodbyes to a frustrated Michael, to a devoted Carolyn, and to a misunderstanding Bud. Francesca is worrying about dinner when Marge shows up, lasagna in hand; she realizes her affair is known to Marge, who has no intention of outing her to Bud. Marge comforts a distraught and uncertain Francesca. While Michael and Carolyn fight in their room, Francesca attempts to tell Bud about her affair and asserts to him that she needs more from their relationship—she cannot go on feeling so alone.

Francesca then breaks up an argument between Bud and Michael. Attempting to ease the tension and with Francesca still in search of Robert, the whole family heads into town. Carolyn asks Francesca about the man staring at them from afar—it is Robert, waiting for Francesca to join him and leave the small Iowa town behind. Francesca—desperate and overcome—runs to Robert, but it is nothing more than a fantasy. Francesca is caught between the love of her life and the love of her family. She decides to stay with her children and her husband. Francesca and Robert, both devastated by the impossibility of their situation, exchange a final look before heading their separate ways.

In the subsequent years, Carolyn marries and has a child, Michael graduates from medical school, and Charlie and Bud both succumb to illness, leaving Francesca and Marge alone ("When I'm Gone"). After Bud's funeral, Francesca thanks Marge for her unspoken support throughout the years. Once Francesca is alone in her now empty home, the telephone rings. No one is on the other end, but she clearly wonders if it could be Robert, even so many years later.

Robert, now an older man himself, calls the offices of the National Geographic to inform them that he will no longer be shooting photographs due to an illness of his own. He thanks his secretary for helping him wait for Francesca's call, which never came. Alone in his home, he packs all of his belongings save one letter, and reminisces about his time with Francesca and the following years that they have spent apart ("It All Fades Away"). In her own home, Francesca considers calling Robert, but instead looks through the National Geographic featuring the pictures of the Roseman Bridge. She finally takes the long-saved bottle of brandy off the shelf.

Francesca comes to the Roseman Bridge, letter in hand. Inside, she finds the photograph Robert took of her on the bridge, as well as a letter stating that he has died. He tells her that he understands why she made the choice that she did, and that her love for her family was part of his love for her. She tearfully considers the path that brought them together and ultimately separated them, but regrets neither her affair with him nor her choice to stay with her family. In their final moments, Robert and Francesca—appearing as they were when they first fell in love—embrace on the Roseman Bridge ("Always Better").

Musical Numbers


The music draws on various styles, but is largely influenced by American folk music, and there are several unaccompanied vocal parts with definitive folk undertones. The orchestra is mid-sized, with the musical being scored for piano, 2 guitars (one doubling on mandolin), acoustic/electric bass, 3 violins, 1 viola, 1 cello, and a sizeable array of percussion, including drum kit.[24]

Critical reception

According to Playbill, the critical reviews were divided. Although the musical had "admirers who responded to Brown's score that mixed folk, country, pop and operatic passages, it failed to ignite wide audience appeal at the box office."[6] Ben Brantley, of The New York Times, called the show "disproportionately long," but praised star O'Hara, calling her "one of the most exquisitely expressive stars in musical theater." He also praised composer Brown's score, calling it "sumptuous."[25]

Awards and nominations

The Bridges of Madison County received nine 2014 Drama Desk Award nominations: Outstanding Musical, Outstanding Actor in a Musical (Steven Pasquale), Outstanding Actress in a Musical (Kelli O'Hara), Outstanding Director of a Musical (Bartlett Sher), Outstanding Music (Jason Robert Brown), Outstanding Lyrics (Jason Robert Brown), Outstanding Book of a Musical (Marsha Norman), Outstanding Orchestrations (Jason Robert Brown) and Outstanding Sound Design in a Musical (Jon Weston).[26] Brown won for Outstanding Orchestrations and Outstanding Music.[27]

The musical received two nominations for the 2014 Outer Critics Circle Awards: Outstanding New Score (Broadway or Off-Broadway) and Outstanding Actress In A Musical (O'Hara).[28]

The musical was nominated for three 2014 Drama League Awards: Outstanding Production Of A Broadway Or Off-Broadway Musical and Distinguished Performance Award (Kelli O'Hara and Steven Pasquale).[29]

The musical received four 2014 Tony Award nominations: Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical (Kelli O'Hara); Best Original Score (Music and/or Lyrics) Written for the Theatre (Brown) (music and lyrics); Best Lighting Design of a Musical (Donald Holder); Best Orchestrations (Jason Robert Brown).[30] The musical won awards for Best Original Score and Best Orchestrations for Jason Robert Brown.[31]

Original Broadway Production

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2014 Tony Award Best Original Score Jason Robert Brown Won
Best Orchestrations Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Kelli O'Hara Nominated
Best Lighting Design of a Musical Donald Holder Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Musical Nominated
Outstanding Music Jason Robert Brown Won
Outstanding Lyrics Nominated
Outstanding Orchestrations Won
Outstanding Director of a Musical Bartlett Sher Nominated
Outstanding Book of a Musical Marsha Norman Nominated
Outstanding Actor in a Musical Steven Pasquale Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Kelli O'Hara Nominated
Outstanding Sound Design in a Musical Jon Weston Nominated
Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding New Score Jason Robert Brown Won
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Kelli O'Hara Nominated
Drama League Award Outstanding Production of a Musical Nominated
Distinguished Performance Kelli O'Hara Nominated
Steven Pasquale Nominated


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  2. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Jason Robert Brown's 'The Bridges of Madison County' Ends Williamstown Run Aug. 18; Broadway Is Next" Archived 2014-02-24 at the Wayback Machine, August 18, 2013
  3. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Kelli O'Hara and Steven Pasquale Will Star in 'The Bridges of Madison County' on Broadway" Archived 2014-04-13 at the Wayback Machine, June 26, 2013
  4. ^ Gioia, Michael. "Kelli O'Hara and Greg Naughton Welcome Baby Girl" Archived 2014-04-13 at the Wayback Machine, September 16, 2013
  5. ^ a b Brantley, Ben. "‘Bridges of Madison County’ Brings Iowa to Broadway" The New York Times, February 20, 2014
  6. ^ a b c "The Verdict: Critics Review 'The Bridges of Madison County'" Playbill, February 21, 2014
  7. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Kelli O'Hara and Steven Pasquale End Bridges Broadway Affair" Archived 2014-05-18 at the Wayback Machine, May 18, 2014
  8. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "New Musical The 'Bridges of Madison County', Starring Kelli O'Hara and Steven Pasquale, to Close on Broadway" Playbill, May 1, 2014
  9. ^ "'Bridges of Madison County' original cast recording -- FIRST LISTEN". Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  10. ^ Broadwaycom (2014-05-09), Exclusive! Steven Pasquale Sings 'It All Fades Away' from "The Bridges of Madison County", retrieved 2018-04-15
  11. ^ Kennedy, Mark. "Broadway musical 'The Bridges of Madison County' hits the road with redemption in mind", November 27, 2015
  12. ^ Simoes, Monica. "Jeremy Jordan, Andrew Rannells, Jesse Tyler Ferguson and More Celebrate the L.A. Opening of 'The Bridges of Madison County'", December 14, 2015
  13. ^ Hetrick, Adam (12 June 2015). "The Bridges of Madison County Reveals Initial Tour Itinerary". Playbill, Inc. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  14. ^ Hetrick, Adam (23 July 2015). "Stars Revealed for Bridges of Madison County Tour". Playbill, Inc. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  15. ^ Hetrick, Adam. " 'Bridges of Madison County' Tour Will End" Playbill, July 7, 2016
  16. ^ Hetrick, Adam (6 October 2015). "International Premiere of The Bridges of Madison County Taps Miss Saigon Star". Playbill, Inc. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Joanna Ampil, MiG Ayesa topbill 'The Bridges of Madison County,' opening Nov. 20". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 9 October 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Speakeasy Stage Company: Bridges of Madison County". Speakeasy Stage Company. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  19. ^ "Utah Repertory Theater Company website".
  20. ^ "Deseret News "19 theater productions to catch through the end of the year"". 15 November 2017.
  21. ^ "Utah Rep Announces Cast for Utah Premiere of THE BRIDGES OF MADISON COUNTY, Nov. 25-Dec. 10".
  22. ^ "Full Cast Announced for the UK Premiere of The Bridges of Madison County". Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  23. ^ Retrieved 2019-11-21. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "The Bridges of Madison County". 16 September 2015.
  25. ^ Brantley, Ben (21 February 2014). "Hearts Ache in the Heartland". The New York Times.
  26. ^ Gans, Andrew. "2014 Annual Drama Desk Awards Nominations Announced; 'Gentleman's Guide' Earns 12 Nominations", April 25, 2014
  27. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Winners of 59th Annual Drama Desk Awards Announced; 'Gentleman's Guide' and 'All the Way' Win Top Prizes" Archived 2014-06-06 at the Wayback Machine, June 1, 2014
  28. ^ Gans, Andrew. "64th Annual Outer Critics Circle Awards Nominations Announced; 'A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder' Leads the Pack" Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine, April 22, 2014
  29. ^ Gans, Andrew. "'All The Way', 'Mothers and Sons', 'After Midnight', 'Fun Home', 'Aladdin', 'Beautiful', 'Glass Menagerie', 'Lady Day' and More Are Drama League Nominees" Archived 2014-04-26 at the Wayback Machine April 23, 2014
  30. ^ Gans, Andrew. "68th Annual Tony Awards Nominations Announced; 'Gentleman's Guide' Leads the Pack" Playbill, April 29, 2014
  31. ^ Staff. "Just the Winners, Please: Who Won the 68th Annual Tony Awards" Archived 2014-06-09 at, June 8, 2014