|Founded||February 24, 1896|
|Founder||Arthur Letts Sr.|
|Fate||Converted to Macy's|
|Headquarters||Los Angeles, California|
|Products||Clothing, footwear, bedding, furniture, jewelry, beauty products, and housewares.|
The Broadway was a mid-level department store chain headquartered in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1896 by English-born Arthur Letts Sr., and named after what was once the city's main shopping street, the Broadway became a dominant retailer in Southern California and the Southwest. Its fortunes eventually declined, and Federated Department Stores (now Macy's, Inc.) bought the chain in 1995. In 1996, Broadway stores were either closed or converted into Macy's and Bloomingdales.
In 1895, J. A. Williams formed J. A. Williams & Co., built and opened his Broadway Department Store on August 29, 1895. In February, 1896 the store was liquidated, and Arthur Letts bought the name, assets, fixtures, and the building lease for $8377 and, on February 24, 1896, the Broadway started operating under Letts. The previous owners had a good location in a recently constructed building at the southwest corner of Broadway and Fourth Streets, but had all of its assets seized by their creditors for failure to pay its bills after just four short months of operations. In contrast, Letts was able to pay off all of his creditors in a short period of time after acquiring the assets for the failed store by the quick sale of the same assets and by watching his expenses.
In a short period of time, the business was doing so well, that it had to expand into adjacent store fronts.
Between 1900 and 1910, the population of Los Angeles more than tripled. Bullock's, in 1907, and Hamburger's (later May Co.), in 1908, had both opened stores occupying entire city blocks. It was clear to Letts that The Broadway needed a new, much larger building.
In 1912 The Broadway announced plans for a new nine-story building with nearly 11 acres of floor space to be built in several phases at the same location (320 W. Fourth St., southwest corner of Broadway, now the Junipero Serra state office building). The store would have 11 passenger and 4 freight elevators; three entrances on Broadway, one on Fourth St. and one on Hill St. The architect was John Joseph (J. J.) Frauenfelder of Parkinson & Bergstrom. with construction starting in 1913 while the current store remained in business.
The first phase was to acquire space in the first three floors of the Clark Hotel Building along Hill St.; the hotel backed up to the Broadway's existing store. This 71,000-square-foot (6,600 m2) Hill Street "division" (wing), as it was then called, opened as a new part of the store. The departments from the southern half of the existing store along Broadway were transferred to the Hill St. space on November 3, 1913.
The second phase was to demolish the southern building of the existing store complex, along Broadway, and build the southern half of the new Broadway store in its place. This section (96,600 square feet (8,970 m2)) opened on August 10, 1914. Departments from the northern half of the store facing Broadway and Fourth streets were transferred into the new space.
Finally, the northern half of the store along Broadway was removed and the northern half of the new Broadway store was built. This section opened on June 25, 1915, although the formal inauguration was during Fashion Week on September 16, 1915.
The new "New and Greater Broadway store", as it was advertised, had 242 feet (74 m) of storefront along Broadway and 166 feet (51 m) along Fourth Street. It was 9 stories high and covered 11 acres (4.5 ha), stretching from Broadway all the way west to Hill Street, which also had an entrance.
On November 10, 1924, The Broadway added another building, 80 feet (24 m) wide and 123 feet (37 m) deep, immediately west of the main building along Fourth Street, thus adding 119,790 square feet (11,129 m2) of floor space over ten above-ground and three below-ground floors. It added six passenger and three freight elevators.
In summary, the Downtown flagship store evolved in size as follows:
In 1931, The Broadway bought the B. H. Dyas Hollywood store which became the Broadway-Hollywood.
In 1940, The Broadway built a landmark three-story store in Pasadena, at the corner of Colorado and Los Robles on the site of the old famous Maryland Hotel. The striking Streamline Moderne building had a 117-foot tower with a marquee facing both streets, and parking for 400 cars. It would be abandoned in 1980 for a newly built store across the street in the new Plaza Pasadena mall.
In 1950, the company merged with Sacramento-based Hale Brothers to form Broadway-Hale Stores. In the same year it purchased the year-old Westchester branch of Milliron's and converted it to a Broadway. The store, designed by legendary retail architect Victor Gruen, was a considered a model of ultra-modern retail architecture at the time, with rooftop parking and striking, angular design designed to attract passing motorists.
The Broadway bought out competitors in Los Angeles (B.H. Dyas, Milliron's, and Coulter's), and expanded into new markets through acquisitions of small local chains: Marston's in San Diego and Korricks in Phoenix. In later years the Broadway opened stores in Nevada (Las Vegas), New Mexico, and Colorado. In 1979, it was split into two divisions: The Broadway Southern California, based in Los Angeles; and Broadway Southwest, headquartered in Phoenix, for the stores outside California.
The Broadway's parent Carter Hawley Hale Stores ran into financial difficulties which resulted from poor management decisions and hostile takeover attempts. In 1996 the chain was acquired by Federated Department Stores and the majority of locations were converted to the Macy's nameplate. Several stores in affluent areas where Macy's already had locations, South Coast Plaza, Sherman Oaks Fashion Square, Century City Shopping Center, Beverly Center, and Fashion Island Newport Beach, were closed, refurbished and reopened as Bloomingdale's. Federated sold many of the remaining stores to Sears.
The nine stories Beaux Arts building with its restrained Italian Renaissance Revival ornamentation at the southwest corner of Broadway and Fourth was designed by architects John Parkinson and Edwin Bergstrom to serve as the headquarters and the flagship store for Arthur Letts' Broadway Department store chain with the first phase of construction completed in 1913. Construction, which included demolition of the previous store and expansion to the rest of the block when additional property were acquired, continued on several different stages until 1924. The Broadway occupied this location from 1913 to 1973.
In November 1973, the main downtown flagship store was abandoned in favor of a new small store that just opened a few blocks away at Flower and 7th that was known as Broadway Plaza.
The property changed hands a number of times and had sat empty for a number of years before coming into possession of developer Roger Luby in May 1984. Luby's plans fell apart the following year when his partners, a consortium of 32 Oklahoma savings and loans defaulted as a result of the savings and loan crisis and the $56 million renovation project defaulted on its loans when half completed in September 1986.
In June 1995, the State of California paid $1.8 million for the building to the Resolution Trust Corporation, which inherited the property upon the collapse of some of the savings and loans, and $61.5 million for renovation to replace the unsafe Junipero Serra State Office Building at Broadway and First streets, which was later demolished in 2006. The renovated building at Broadway and Fourth reopened as the new Junipero Serra State Office Building in 1999. To balance the state budget, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger plans to sell the office building to private developers as a part of a sale and lease back scheme.
As of 2020,[update] the Junipero Serra Building is one of 56 buildings managed by California Department of General Services and only one of two (the other is the Ronald Reagan State Building) that are located in Los Angeles.
This is a list of the Broadway store numbers with their locations and opening dates:
|Store no.||Store name||Mall or address||(District &) City
(state=CA unless stated)
|Opening date||Architect||Sq. ft. at opening||Closing date||Current building use||Notes|
|01||Downtown||320 W. Fourth St., SW corner of Broadway and Fourth street
Original 1896 building
|Historic Core, Downtown L.A.||February 24, 1896||August 8, 1914||demolished in phases 1913-5|
|01||Downtown||320 W. Fourth St., SW corner of Broadway and Fourth street, through to Hill St.
("New and Greater Broadway" 1913-5 bldgs.)
|Downtown L.A.||March 11, 1913 (W.), October 8, 1914 (S.), June 25, 1915 (N.)||John Joseph (J. J.) Frauenfelder of Parkinson & Bergstrom.||Claimed nearly 11 acres (480,000 sq ft)||November 15, 1973||Junipero Serra State Office Bldg.|
|01||Plaza||Broadway Plaza (now The Bloc), 700 S. Flower St.||Downtown L.A.||November 16, 1973||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||Macy's|
|02||Hollywood||Broadway Hollywood Building, 6300 W. Hollywood Blvd. & 1645 N. Vine St.||Hollywood, L.A.||September 3, 1931
as B. H. Dyas
|Frederick Rice Dorn||172,000||February 13, 1982|
|03||Pasadena||401 East Colorado Boulevard||Pasadena||November 15, 1940||August 15, 1980||demolished 1980|
|04||Crenshaw (renamed Baldwin Hills in 1988)||orig. Crenshaw Center, later Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza||Baldwin Hills/ Crenshaw, L.A.||November 21, 1947||Albert B. Gardner||200,000 (5 stories)||vacant||was Macy's until 1999/Walmart until 2016|
|05||Westchester||8739 Sepulveda Blvd.||Westchester, L.A.||August 18, 1950||Victor Gruen||90,000||October 14, 1990||Kohl's||March 17, 1949 as Milliron's Westchester, purchased by Broadway June 29, 1950/first became Mervyn's until 2009|
|06||Valley (renamed Panorama City)||Panorama City Shopping Center, now Panorama Mall||Panorama City, S.F.V., L.A.||October 10, 1955||Welton Becket & Assoc.||226,000||1996||Walmart|
|07||Anaheim||Anaheim Plaza||Anaheim||October 14, 1955||Welton Becket & Assoc.||208,000||January 31, 1993||demolished, now site of power center|
|08||Long Beach||Los Altos Market Place||Los Altos, Long Beach||November 14, 1955
|Welton Becket & Assoc. (1955), Charles Luckman & Assoc. (1963 expansion)||100,000||1996||vacant||originally a Walker's, became Broadway in 1957, then became Sears until 2021|
|09||Del Amo||Broadway/Del Amo Shopping Center||Torrance||February 16, 1959||Dick's Sporting Goods & Jo-Ann Fabrics||was Macy's home until 2014 (now Dick's Sporting Goods)|
|10||Wilshire||5600 Wilshire Boulevard||Miracle Mile, L.A.||August 3, 1960||closed 1980||demolished||originally a Coulter's|
|11||Whittier||Whittwood Center||Whittier||February 13, 1961||1996||Sears|
|61||Downtown Phoenix||1 N. 1st St.||Phoenix, Arizona||acquired 1962||Henry C. Trost, Trost & Trost||1966||Opened as Korricks' in 1914|
|62||Chris-Town||Chris-Town Mall, now Christown Spectrum Mall||Phoenix, Arizona||August 21, 1961||Welton Becket & Assoc.||August 31, 1992||demolished||now Walmart|
|36||Grossmont||Grossmont Center||La Mesa, San Diego Co.||June 11, 1961
|Welton Becket & Assoc.||156,000||Macy's||originally Marston's, rebranded Broadway in 1969|
|12||West Covina||West Covina Fashion Center, became part of what is now Plaza West Covina||West Covina||June 8, 1962||1996||vacant||was Sears until 2020|
|37||Chula Vista||Chula Vista Center||Chula Vista||December 11, 1962||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||Macy's||originally Marston's, rebranded Broadway in 1969|
|13||Ventura||Buenaventura Plaza, now Pacific View Mall||Ventura||September 30, 1963||Macy's|
|14||Topanga Plaza||Topanga Plaza||Canoga Park, S.F.V., L.A.||August 24, 1964||1996||demolished||was Sears until 2015|
|15||Century City||Century City Shopping Center||Century City, Westside, L.A.||December 10, 1964||Welton Becket & Assoc.||1996||Bloomingdale's|
|16||Downey||Stonewood Center||Downey||October 18, 1965||143,400||1996||vacant||was Sears until 2021|
|17||Huntington Beach||Huntington Center, now Bella Terra, I-405 at Edinger||Huntington Beach||November 15, 1965||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||150,000||1996||Kohl's||Still continued to operate under Broadway name after Macy's renaming in other locations until closure in August 1996.|
|18||San Bernardino||Inland Center||San Bernardino||August 29, 1966||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||158,000||Forever 21||was Macy's until 2006 (moved to Robinsons-May store)|
|19||Boulevard Mall||The Boulevard Mall||Paradise, Las Vegas Valley, NV||October 17, 1966||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield offices||was Macy's until 2017|
|20||Bakersfield||Valley Plaza Mall||Bakersfield||February 27, 1967||Macy's|
|21||Fashion Island||Fashion Island||Newport Beach||November 9, 1967||William Pereira, Welton Becket & Assoc.||1996||Bloomingdale's|
|22||Montclair||Montclair Plaza||Montclair||May 8, 1968||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||142,000||Demolished 2018||was Macy's until 2006 (moved to Robinsons-May store). Now the site of a new AMC Theatres|
|63||Biltmore Fashion Park||Biltmore Fashion Park||Phoenix, AZ||October 28, 1968||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||Macy's|
|38||Fashion Valley||Fashion Valley||Mission Valley, San Diego||August 9, 1969||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||Macy's|
|64||Scottsdale||Los Arcos Mall||Scottsdale, AZ||October 18, 1969||Burke, Kober, Nicolais & Archuleta||156,000||1996||demolished|
|23||Riverside||Tyler Mall||Riverside||December 10, 1970||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||156,000||Forever 21||was Macy's until 2006 (moved to Robinsons-May store)|
|24||Orange||Mall of Orange, now The Village at Orange||Orange||August 16, 1971||Ainsworth and McClellan||167,500||1996||Walmart|
|25||Cerritos||Los Cerritos Center||Cerritos||September 13, 1971||178,000||Macy's|
|26||Northridge||Northridge Fashion Center||Northridge, S.F.V., L.A.||October 18, 1971||1996||subdivided||Still continued to operate under Broadway name after Macy's renaming in other locations until closure in August 1996.|
|27||Carson||Carson Mall, renamed SouthBay Pavilion||Carson||October 9, 1973||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||9/1991||IKEA|
|65||Metrocenter||Metrocenter||N.W. Phoenix, AZ||October 22, 1973||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||demolished||was Macy's until 2005, now demolished for Walmart Supercenter|
|28||Puente Hills||Puente Hills Mall||City of Industry||February 18, 1974||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||160,000||1996||demolished||now the site of AMC Theatres|
|29||Murray, Utah||Fashion Place||Murray, UT||May 8, 1974||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||1993||Dillard's||rebranded as Weinstock's 1/30/78|
|66||Park Mall||Park Mall||Tucson, AZ||August 26, 1974||Charles Luckman & Assoc.||vacant||was Macy's until 2020|
|30||Santa Anita||Santa Anita Fashion Park||Arcadia||November 11, 1974||Macy's|
|31||Laguna Hills||Laguna Hills Mall||Laguna Hills||April 8, 1975||Edward Killingsworth||vacant||was Macy's until 2018|
|32||Fox Hills||Fox Hills Mall||Culver City||June 10, 1975||William Pereira||192,470||Macy's|
|67||Albuquerque||Coronado Center||Albuquerque, NM||December 2, 1976||Chaix, Pujdak, Bielski, Takeuchi, Daggett Associated Architects & Planers||159,378||Round 1 & Dick's Sporting Goods||was Macy's until 2006 (moved to Foley's store)/part of store became Gordmans until 2017 (now Round 1)|
|33||Glendale||Glendale Galleria||Glendale||August 8, 1976||Jon Jerde||Macy's|
|34||Hawthorne||Hawthorne Plaza||Hawthorne||December 2, 1977||Charles Kober & Assoc.||abandoned|
|39||UTC||University Towne Centre||San Diego||October 15, 1977||155,000||Macy's|
|35||Sherman Oaks||Sherman Oaks Fashion Square||Sherman Oaks, S.F.V., L.A.||May 11, 1977||183,000||1996||Bloomingdale's|
|40||Thousand Oaks||The Oaks||Thousand Oaks||February 18, 1978||demolished||was Macy's (Women's & Children's) until 2006 (moved to Robinsons-May store), now the site of Nordstrom|
|42||Meadows Mall||Meadows Mall||Las Vegas, NV||July 31, 1978||Charles Kober & Assoc.||Macy's|
|41||Brea||Brea Mall||Brea||October 21, 1978||Macy's (Women's)||was full-line Macy's, now women's store (moved men's, children's, and home departments to former Robinsons-May store)|
|68||Fiesta Mall||Fiesta Mall||Mesa, Arizona||March 10, 1979||demolished||was Macy's until 2006 (moved to Robinsons-May store) building was demolished and replaced by Best Buy and Dick's Sporting Goods, now closed since 2016|
|43||Carlsbad||Plaza Camino Real, now The Shoppes at Carlsbad||Carlsbad||October 20, 1979||Macy's (Women's and Children's)|
|29||Pasadena||Plaza Pasadena, now Paseo Colorado||Pasadena||August 16, 1980||Charles Kober & Assoc.||153,000||demolished||number recycled from Utah location/was Macy's until 2013|
|44||Santa Monica Place||Santa Monica Place||Santa Monica||October 16, 1980||Frank Gehry||vacant||was Macy's until 2009, Bloomingdale's until 2021|
|45||Beverly Center||Beverly Center||Beverly Grove, w.L.A.||March 25, 1982||Lou Nardorf of Welton Becket & Assoc.||1996||Bloomingdale's|
|47||Horton Plaza||Horton Plaza||Downtown San Diego||April 10, 1985||Jon Jerde||vacant||was Macy's until 2020|
|48||North County Fair||North County Fair||Escondido||February 13, 1986||Macy's|
|46||South Coast Plaza||South Coast Plaza (Crystal Court)||Costa Mesa||October 31, 1986||Macy's Home|
|50||Santa Barbara||Ortega Building, Paseo Nuevo||Santa Barbara||August 17, 1990||John Field||140,000||vacant||was Macy's until 2017|
|opened specifically as Broadway Southwest locations:|
|69||Tucson Mall||Tucson Mall||Tucson, Arizona||July 16, 1982||demolished||was Macy's until 2006 (moved to Robinsons-May store), now REI and Cheesecake Factory|
|70||Lakewood, CO||Villa Italia Mall, now Belmar||Lakewood, CO||May 11, 1985||1987||Dick's Sporting Goods||later became May D&F, then Foley's until 2001|
|71||Englewood, CO||Cinderella City||Englewood, CO||May 11, 1985||1987||Englewood Public Library and City Hall||later became May D&F, then Foley's until 1994|
|72||Westminster, CO||Westminster Mall||Westminster, CO||October 30, 1986||1996||demolished||became Sears until 2012|
|73||Paradise Valley, AZ||Paradise Valley Mall||Paradise Valley, AZ||February 17, 1991||demolished||was Macy's until 2006 (moved to Robinsons-May store), now Costco|
The last Broadway Southwest store was originally planned to be built at Superstition Springs Center mall in Mesa, Arizona. But due to the attempted hostile takeover by The Limited, construction was halted. And as a result, it started doing business as Robinsons-May instead in 1994 (now Macy's since 2006).
The stock of the Broadway store has been sold by the board of trade to Arthur Letts for the sum of $8377.
The Superb New Broadway Structure at The Corner of Fourth Office and Mercantile Apartments of Modern Proportions The Upper Story to Be Utilized as a First Class Lodging Hotel With a Roof Garden
The new institution will be styled J.A. Williams & Co., the members of the firm being Mr. J. A. Williams, and Mr. B.F. Overman. The place of business will be styled the Broadway Department Store, and it will occupy apartments in the Hallett & Pirtle building, at the corner of Fourth and Broadway.
Broadway Department Store Attached by Several Creditors Yesterday.
The Creditors' Committee in the matter of J.A. Williams & Co. will receive sealed bids for the stock, fixtures and fittings of the Broadway Department Store, Pirtle Building, southwest corner Broadway and Fourth Street.
The entire stock of J.A. Williams & Co. will be placed on sale Monday, February 24th, and must be Closed Out in Thirty Days...Broadway Department Store; Arthur Letts, Assignee; Corner Fourth and Broadway.
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