The Bugaloos
Title card
GenreChildren's television series
Created bySid and Marty Krofft
StarringJohn McIndoe
Caroline Ellis
John Philpott
Wayne Laryea
Martha Raye
Billy Barty
Sharon Baird
Joy Campbell
Van Snowden
Voices ofWalker Edmiston
Joan Gerber
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons1
No. of episodes17 (list of episodes)
ProducerSid and Marty Krofft
Running time0:22 (per episode)
Production companySid & Marty Krofft Television Productions
DistributorCBS Television Distribution
Original networkNBC
Original releaseSeptember 12, 1970 (1970-09-12) –
September 2, 1972 (1972-09-02)

The Bugaloos is an American children's television series, produced by brothers Sid and Marty Krofft, that aired on NBC on Saturday mornings from 1970 to 1972.[1] Reruns of the show aired in daily syndication from 1978 to 1985 as part of the "Krofft Superstars" package with six other Krofft series. The show features a musical group composed of four British teenagers in insect-themed outfits, constantly beset by the evil machinations of the talent-challenged Benita Bizarre, played by comedian Martha Raye.[2]


The show takes place in the fantasy setting of Tranquility Forest. The central characters are a popular band of teenage musicians named the Bugaloos, who wear insect-themed outfits with wings/antennae and can fly using their wings (although they are occasionally shown flying on leaves that resemble surfboards). Though peace-loving and hippie-like, the Bugaloos are pursued by an ugly, evil, jealous old crone named Benita Bizarre, who lives in a gigantic jukebox and uses it to broadcast her own brand of blaring, obnoxious, unpleasant "music".[3] A dreadful singer, Benita is furious at the popularity of the Bugaloos' more melodic, upbeat sound and she plots elaborate, unsuccessful schemes to either destroy or enslave them. She frequently makes use of a powerful ultrasonic weapon called the Stereo Zapper, which can render its victim unconscious in seconds. The Bugaloos are sometimes seen traveling around in their "Bugaloo Buggy", a colorful dune buggy custom-made for the show by car builder George Barris.[4]

Production and airing

The Bugaloos and Sparky in Tranquility Forest
The Bugaloos and Sparky in Tranquility Forest

Touted as the British version of The Monkees, The Bugaloos attracted more than 5,000 young actors and actresses to audition in spring 1970 for the show's four lead roles, each having to demonstrate aptitude in dance, singing and acting.

Among those auditioning were Elton John's future manager John Reid and Phil Collins, who joined the art rock band Genesis later that year.[5][6] Reid and Collins were two of the three finalists for the role of "I.Q." given to Scottish musician John McIndoe. "If one of those guys had gotten it instead of me, rock-'n'-roll history might have changed," McIndoe later joked. "Whenever I see them, I say, 'Hey guys, you were lucky you didn't get the part'."[7]

The show was taped in Los Angeles, California. Seventeen episodes of the series were produced. Like its predecessor, H. R. Pufnstuf (1969), The Bugaloos ran for only one season (1970–1971) on NBC, with reruns airing the following year (1971–1972). Following production of the first season, the Kroffts tried shooting for a second season and also had a movie deal in the works with Columbia Pictures. However, miscommunication with the actors resulted in their returning to the UK that December against the Kroffts' wishes. As a result, a potential second season was ultimately scrapped, along with plans for a movie which was shelved due to the bankruptcy of Columbia Pictures.[8]

Although the show featured British actors, it was not screened in the U.K.

The Bugaloos was fitted with an adult laugh track, as was common practice at the time — the inclusion of which the Kroffts were initially against. Sid Krofft commented "We were sort of against that, but Si Rose — being in sitcoms — he felt that when the show was put together that the children would not know when to laugh." Marty Krofft added "the bottom line — it's sad — you gotta tell them when it's funny. And the laugh track, (Si) was right. It was necessary, as much as we were always looking to have a real laugh track, a real audience. In comedies, if you don't have them (laugh track), you're in big trouble, because if you don't hear a laugh track, it's not funny. And that's the way the audience (at home) was programmed to view these shows."[9] When discussing the show's production techniques for the DVD commentary track in 2006, series stars Caroline Ellis and John Philpott addressed the laugh track. "I was never one for the American canned laughter, because sometimes it's too much," said Ellis. She added, however, that it does help in creating "the atmosphere for the reaction." Philpott added that, unlike their UK counterparts, US viewing audiences at the time had become accustomed to hearing laughter, saying, "I think you find yourself genuinely laughing more if you are prompted to laugh along with the canned laughter."[10]


The Bugaloos


Supporting characters


Soundtrack album
Released1970 (1970)
ProducerHal Yoergler

The show's music director was Hal Yoergler, who also wrote many of the show's songs and produced the Bugaloos album released in 1970. The title song's lyrics were written by Norman Gimbel, and its music was composed by Charles Fox. Gimbel and Fox were also the songwriters of "Killing Me Softly with His Song"[2] and the theme songs to films and programs such as Last American Hero ("I Got A Name," sung by Jim Croce), Happy Days, Laverne and Shirley, and The New Adventures of Wonder Woman. A cover of the Bugaloos theme performed by Collective Soul is included on the 1995 tribute album Saturday Morning: Cartoons' Greatest Hits, produced by Ralph Sall for MCA Records.

The Bugaloos released an album in 1970 (Capitol Records ST-621), featuring studio-recorded versions of some of the songs performed on the show. The track list is as follows:

Side 1

  1. "If You Become a Bugaloo"
  2. "The Senses of Our World"
  3. "For a Friend"
  4. "Believe"
  5. "It's New to You"

Side 2

  1. "Fly Away With Us"
  2. "Older Woman"
  3. "Just the Memory Stays Around"
  4. "Gna Gna Gna Gna Gna"
  5. "Castles in the Air"
  6. "The Bugaloos (Theme Song)"

One single was released in conjunction with the album: "For a Friend"/"The Senses of Our World" (Capitol 2946). "For a Friend" charted as a minor hit, appearing on Billboard the week of December 18, 1970, at No. 118.

The track "Just the Memory Stays Around" did not appear in any episode, and is available only on the LP. The LP was re-released on CD in January 2000 by Vivid Sound in Japan and in 2006 by Cherry Red Records of London.

The Bugaloos recorded 15 songs. In addition to the 11 that appear on the released album, four additional songs appeared on the television show, but remain unreleased:

  1. "Sparky"
  2. "I'm As Happy As Can Be"
  3. "I Really Love You"
  4. "Flicker Town"

List of episodes

No.TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
1"Firefly, Light My Fire"Tony CharmoliSi Rose and John Fenton MurraySeptember 12, 1970 (1970-09-12)
The Bugaloos rescue a neurotic firefly named Sparky after he is sideswiped by Benita Bizarre's Baroque Buggy.
2"The Great Voice Robbery"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurraySeptember 19, 1970 (1970-09-19)
Benita swaps her voice with Joy's using her Audio Dynamic Voice Switcher.
3"Our Home Is Our Hassle"Tony CharmoliJack RaymondSeptember 26, 1970 (1970-09-26)
Determined to win Peter Platter's song contest, Benita moves into the Bugaloos' home in Tranqulity Forest to find musical inspiration.
4"Courage, Come Home"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurrayOctober 3, 1970 (1970-10-03)
Benita takes advantage of Courage after he suffers amnesia, convincing him he is her nephew, Melvin Bizarre.
5"The Love Bugaloos"Tony CharmoliElon E. Packard Jr.October 10, 1970 (1970-10-10)
The Bugaloos play Cupid for the shy Sparky when he falls in love with singer and female firefly Gina Lolawattage.
6"If I Had the Wings of a Bugaloo"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurrayOctober 17, 1970 (1970-10-17)
Wishing to fly like the Bugaloos, Benita disguises herself as Hetty Hoedown to steal I.Q.'s wings for herself.
7"Lady, You Don't Look Eighty"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurrayOctober 24, 1970 (1970-10-24)
A misunderstanding causes Benita to believe the teenaged Joy is actually 80 years of age.
8"Benita, the Beautiful?"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurrayOctober 31, 1970 (1970-10-31)
Benita devises a plot to win Peter Platter's beauty contest.
9"Now You See 'Em, Now You Don't"Tony CharmoliElon E. Packard Jr.November 7, 1970 (1970-11-07)
The Bugaloos turn themselves invisible after Benita adopts Sparky in a plan to take credit for his new song.
10"Help Wanted — Firefly"Tony CharmoliWarren S. MurrayNovember 14, 1970 (1970-11-14)
The Bugaloos come to Sparky's aid after he takes the fall for Benita's act of radio station sabotage.
11"On a Clear Day"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurrayNovember 21, 1970 (1970-11-21)
Benita pumps smog into Tranquility Forest in an effort to drive the audience away from a Bugaloos concert and over to her own.
12"Today, I'm a Firefly"Tony CharmoliJack RaymondNovember 28, 1970 (1970-11-28)
Sparky finally learns to fly and he quickly puts his skills to good use, rescuing the Bugaloos after they are shrunk and trapped inside a music box.
13"The Bugaloos Bugaboo"Tony CharmoliMaurice RichlinDecember 5, 1970 (1970-12-05)
Disguised as an agent, Benita tricks Sparky into writing a song for her to perform at Peter Platter's "Battle of the Bands" concert.
14"Benita's Double Trouble"Tony CharmoliWarren S. MurrayDecember 12, 1970 (1970-12-12)
Benita kidnaps Peter Platter and takes over as DJ, but I.Q. disguises himself as Benita in an attempt to foil her scheme.
15"Circus Time at Benita's"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurrayDecember 19, 1970 (1970-12-19)
Benita interferes with the Bugaloos' plan to hold a circus by kidnapping Magico the Magnificent.
16"The Uptown 500"Tony CharmoliJohn Fenton MurrayDecember 26, 1970 (1970-12-26)
Used-car dealer Way Out Wheeler stages an auto race, pitting the Bugaloos against Benita. The stakes are raised, however, when she kidnaps Sparky and threatens to harm him if the Bugaloos win.
17"The Good Old Days"Tony CharmoliWarren S. MurrayJanuary 2, 1971 (1971-01-02)
Benita buys Tranquility Forest and evicts the Bugaloos. But Joy, disguised as a fortune teller, tries to show Benita the error of her ways through a series of clips from previous episodes.

Home video

The complete Bugaloos series was released on DVD in May 2006 by Rhino Entertainment. The set contained all 17 digitally remastered, original uncut broadcast episodes, with audio commentary on the pilot episode from creator Sid Krofft and director Tony Charmoli. Cast members John Philpott, Caroline Ellis and John McIndoe also provided audio commentary on some episodes and participated in interviews. Also included were a video jukebox with a selection of songs from the episodes, a photo gallery and a Bugaloos Interactive I. Q. Test hosted by McIndoe.


At Comic Con 2015, Sid and Marty Krofft revealed they were looking to create an updated version of The Bugaloos as a preschool television series. It was rumored Cyndi Lauper would portray Benita Bizarre.[11] At 2017's Comic Con, they released a teaser trailer of the pilot produced for Nickelodeon with clips of the new series with Lise Simms as Benita Bizarre. However, during a May 2018 radio interview with creator Marty Krofft, Marty revealed that the pilot was not picked up by Nickelodeon and was scrapped. He said they were reshooting the pilot and that Randy Jackson will be involved with the music.[12]

In popular culture

The Bugaloos are the binding childhood memory that the two main protagonists in the 2000 film The Tao of Steve discover as they begin to bond, as Syd (Greer Goodman) and Dex (Donal Logue) find out that they both had Bugaloos stickers on their respective childhood Josie and the Pussycats lunchboxes.[13]

The Bugaloos' song "Senses of Our World" was sampled by The Chemical Brothers in their track "The Darkness That You Fear".

See also


  1. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (1997). The Encyclopedia of Daytime Television. Watson-Guptill Publications. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-0823083152. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b CD liner notes: Saturday Mornings: Cartoons’ Greatest Hits, 1995 MCA Records
  3. ^ Woolery, George W. (1985). Children's Television: The First Thirty-Five Years 1946-1981 Part II: Live, Film, and Tape Series. The Scarecrow Press. pp. 80–82. ISBN 0-8108-1651-2.
  4. ^ "The Bugaloos: Visiting Barris Kustom Kars".
  5. ^ Dave Itzkoff. "A Band With the Life Span of an Ant." The New York Times, July 30, 2006, page 28, column 1.
  6. ^ Phil Collins listing on [1] (Accessed October 17, 2007)
  7. ^ Mike Hughes. "Phil Collins on 'Live By Request.'" The Seattle Times, October 1, 1998, page E4.
  8. ^ Martindale, David (1998). Pufnstuf & Other Stuff: The Weird and Wonderful World of Sid & Marty Krofft. Renaissance Books.
  9. ^ "Sid & Marty Krofft - Archive Interview". Archived from the original on 2014-05-23. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  10. ^ Ellis, Caroline; Philpott, John (2006). The World of Sid & Marty Krofft - The Bugaloos: The Complete Series; DVD commentary for episode 7, "Benita, the Beautiful?" (DVD). Rhino Home Video).
  11. ^ McLennan, Cindy (July 15, 2016). "HR Pufnstuf, The Bugaloos: Sid and Marty Krofft Working on New Revivals". Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  12. ^ Koch, Curtis (May 6, 2018). "Emmy Award Winning Producer Marty Krofft: A Look Back at 'The Banana Splits', 'H.R. Pufnstuf', 'Land of the Lost', 'Far Out Space Nuts' and Nickelodeon's 'Mutt & Stuff'". WGN (AM). Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  13. ^ Vancheri, Barbara (September 8, 2000). "The Tao of Steve; Cool rules: 'Tao of Steve' teaches a state of mind". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 30, 2019.