The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872
Imperial Legislative Council
  • The Indian Christian Marriage Act of 1872 is an act of the Parliament of India for the legal marriage of Indian Christians.
CitationIndian Christian Marriage Act, 1872
Enacted byImperial Legislative Council
Assented to18 July 1872
Commenced18 July 1872
Status: In force

The Indian Christian Marriage Act of 1872 is an act of the Parliament of India regulating the legal marriage of Indian Christians. It was enacted on July 18, 1872, and applies throughout India, excluding territories such as Cochin, Manipur and Jammu and Kashmir.[1]

According to the act, a marriage is legitimate if at least one of the parties is Christian. An ordained minister of any church in India, a clergyman of the Church of Scotland, a marriage registrar or a special licensee may get an aspiring couple married under the act.[2] The marriage performer issues a marriage certificate. This certificate is recorded with the Registrar of Marriage (who is appointed by the government). As is common in other Indian marriage acts, the minimum age is 21 for the groom and 18 for the bride.[3]

The marriage ceremony must occur between 6 a.m. and 7 p.m., unless the marriage performer secures special permission. The wedding may take place in a church; however, in cases where there is no church within five miles, an appropriate alternative location may be chosen.[1]

Conditions and requirements

The marriage is legitimate only under the following conditions:[3]

Marriage dissolution

Christian marriage in India can be dissolved under the Indian Divorce Act of 1869 (under Section X) under three conditions:[4]

A woman married under The Indian Christian Marriage Act of 1872 can seek dissolution of her marriage under the Indian Divorce Act of 1869[5]

Offence

Any individual who performs a marriage ceremony when not appropriately licensed by the authorities or recognized by the church can be punished with a term of imprisonment of between seven and ten years.[1]

Remarriage

Under the special marriage act, any woman of any religion can marry or remarry without satisfying any religious ceremony. [6]

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872". lawyerslaw.org. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  2. ^ "The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872". indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Christian Marriage and Registration Procedure in India". Helplinelaw.com. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  4. ^ Nambi, S (2005). "Marriage, mental health and the Indian legislation". Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 47 (1): 3–14. doi:10.4103/0019-5545.46067. PMC 2918313.
  5. ^ "From Law And Politics To Religion: In Conversation With Flavia Agnes". The Logical Indian. 2018-08-03. Retrieved 2018-08-19.
  6. ^ "From Law And Politics To Religion: In Conversation With Flavia Agnes". The Logical Indian. 2018-08-03. Retrieved 2018-08-19.