|The Long Gray Line|
|Directed by||John Ford|
|Screenplay by||Edward Hope|
|Based on||Bringing Up the Brass by Martin Maher|
and Nardi Reeder Campion
|Produced by||Robert Arthur|
|Narrated by||Tyrone Power|
|Cinematography||Charles Lawton Jr.|
|Edited by||William A. Lyon|
|Music by||George Duning|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$4.1 million (US)|
The Long Gray Line is a 1955 American Cinemascope Technicolor biographical comedy-drama film in CinemaScope directed by John Ford based on the life of Marty Maher and his autobiography, Bringing Up the Brass, co-written with Nardi Reeder Campion. Tyrone Power stars as the scrappy Irish immigrant whose 50-year career at West Point took him from a dishwasher to a non-commissioned officer and athletic instructor.
Maureen O'Hara, one of Ford's favorite leading ladies, plays Maher's wife and fellow immigrant, Mary O'Donnell. The film co-stars Ward Bond as Herman Koehler, the Master of the Sword (athletic director) and Army's head football coach (1897–1900), who first befriends Maher. Milburn Stone appears as John J. Pershing, who in 1898 swears Maher into the Army. Harry Carey, Jr., makes a brief appearance as the young cadet Dwight D. Eisenhower. (Eisenhower wrote the foreword to Bringing Up the Brass.) Philip Carey plays (fictional) Army football player and future general Chuck Dotson. In addition, actress Betsy Palmer makes her screen debut as Kitty Carter.
The phrase "The Long Gray Line" is used to describe, as a continuum, all graduates and cadets of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Many of the scenes in the film were shot on location at West Point, including the "million dollar view" of the Hudson River near the parade grounds. The film was the last one in which actor Robert Francis appeared before his death at age 25 in an air crash. His rising stardom had reached third billing behind Power and O'Hara at the time of his death.
Facing forced retirement, Master Sergeant Martin Maher (Tyrone Power) goes to the White House to appeal to the Commander in Chief, West Point graduate and 5-star general President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who gives Marty a warm welcome and listens to his story.
Arriving from County Tipperary, Ireland, in 1898, Marty begins waiting tables. After two months he has nothing to show for it, because he is docked for every dish he breaks. When he learns that enlisted men only worry about the guardhouse, he joins the U.S. Army. Captain Koehler (Ward Bond), Master of the Sword, is impressed with his fist-fighting and brings him on as an assistant in athletics instruction.
Marty meets Mrs. Koehler's cook, Mary O'Donnell (Maureen O'Hara), just arrived from Ireland. The Koehlers advise Mary not to engage in conversation with Marty until he re-enlists and proposes, for fear their two fiery Irish tempers will clash. They marry and settle into a house on campus. Marty becomes a Corporal, and Mary saves enough money to bring his father (Donald Crisp) and brother (Sean McClory) to America. Captain Koehler makes Marty a swimming instructor—after teaching him how.
Mary gives birth to a boy. The cadets serenade Marty and give him a cadet saber for Martin Maher III, class of 1936. The doctor arrives with heartbreaking news. The child has died. While Mary sleeps, Marty gets drunk. The cadets go off limits to bring him home, and report themselves for doing so. In the morning Mary tells Marty she can never have another child.
The cadets become the boys they will never have. Over time, Marty earns the love and respect of men such as Omar Bradley, James Van Fleet, George Patton and Dwight D. Eisenhower (to whom he gives advice on slowing hair loss). Marty introduces cadet "Red" Sundstrom, who is struggling with math, to a post school teacher, Kitty Carter (Betsy Palmer). She offers to tutor Red. They marry after graduation in 1917, and Red goes off to war with his classmates.
The casualty lists come in. Marty marks the losses in the yearbooks. Peace comes, and while the campus erupts with joy, a grim-faced Marty places a ribbon on Red's page. Red has won the Congressional Medal of Honor and an appointment to the academy for his infant son.
Cut to the swearing in of James "Red" Sundstrom, Jr. (Robert Francis) and his classmates. Marty has guided three generations of cadets. On Sunday, December 7, 1941, the church service is interrupted by the news of Pearl Harbor and the United States' entry into World War II, Red confesses to Marty that he was married over Thanksgiving. Her parents annulled it but it means expulsion if it is discovered. Deeply disappointed, Marty is filled with pride when Sundstrom does the honorable thing by resigning and enlisting in the Army. Because of his training, he ships out immediately.
Mary wants to view one of the parades she so loves but is too weak. Marty helps her to the porch. She takes out her rosary and quietly dies while Marty is fetching her shawl and medicine.
Christmas Eve, 1944. Marty prepares for a quiet evening alone but is joined by a group of cadets. He picks the all-time football team while they fix his dinner. Kitty arrives with Red, Jr., whose medals make the cadets whistle. He has earned his captain's bars in Europe and wants Marty to pin them on.
The President tells General Dotson to call the Point and find out what the SNAFU is. Marty gives an aide a bottle of hair restorer for the President. Dotson tells Marty he is AWOL and flies him back to the Point, where the Superintendent and Dotson hustle him onto the crowded parade ground. Slightly bemused by the attention, Marty notices the first tune: Garry Owen. “This is for you, Marty. The cadets asked for it.” the Superintendent says. The film concludes with a full dress parade in Marty's honor. All the people Marty loves, both living and dead, step up to honor him. The band plays Auld Lang Syne, which brings tears to Marty's eyes—and to Dotson's.
Variety called The Long Gray Line "a standout drama on West Point". Bosley Crowther of The New York Times called the film sentimental but a rich and rousing tribute to West Point, and likens Power's Martin Maher to "Mr. Chips with a brogue."
On Rotten Tomatoes the film has a 90% rating based on 10 reviews.